The Secretary, Department of Electronics and Chairman of the DCEI Shri Ravindra Gupta told the meeting that the Electronics Industry will have to undertake initiatives in "brand building" to have enhanced presence in the global market. He said that for this, major product promotional efforts will be needed such as, undertaking participation in international fairs, conducting seminars and creating web sites, etc. The established "branded products" would need to be aggressively marketed in the international arena, he said. And for this, a need for a separate Brand equity Fund for IT and electronics industry is greatly felt, he averred.
The DCEI has recommended the setting up of about a one hundred crore rupee brand equity fund for this to start with. The participation of some of the leading financial institutions is being explored. However, the Planning Commission is being requested to earmark funds for the programme.
Shri Ravindra Gupta told the Council that IT enabled
services and Electronics Commerce provide tremendous opportunities for
the Indian Software Industry. But to build the necessary business confidence,
a regulatory framework should be put in place expeditiously. He expressed
the hope that the Information Technology Bill, awaiting governments nod
would soon be cleared.
USAID assistance would be utilised for expanding
programmes aimed at preventing HIV transmission and mitigating the impact
of STD/HIV/AIDS by supporting focussed prevention programme in Maharashtra
where the epidemic is grave and needs to be arrested on top priority basis.
The AVERT project is a seven year programme to be implemented by National
AIDS Control Organisation(NACO) in collaboration with the Government of
The International Ozone Day tries to raise awareness about the need to protect the earths ozone layer. The ozone layer absorbs most of the harmful Ultraviolet B (UV-B) radiation from the sun. It also completely screens out lethal Ultraviolet -C radiation. The ozone shield is thus essential to life, as we know it. Depleting the ozone layer allows more UV-B to reach the earth. More UV-B means more melanoma and non-melanoma skin cancers, eye cataracts, weakened immune systems, reduced plant yields, damage to ocean Eco-systems and reduced fishing yields, adverse effects on animals and more damage to plastics.
Ozone molecules consist of 3 oxygen atoms. The ozone gas, which is poisonous, is extremely rare in the atmosphere representing just three out of every 10 million molecules. Ninety percent of ozone exists in the upper atmosphere or stratosphere between 10 and 50 kilometers above the earth. Ozone at ground level is a harmful pollutant resulting from automobiles exhausts and other sources.
Scientific concern started in 1970 when Prof. Paul Crutzen pointed out the possibility that nitrogen oxide from fertilisers and supersonic aircraft might deplete the ozone layer. In 1974 Professors F. Sherwood Rowland and Mario J. Molina recognised, that when Chloro Flouro Carbons (CFCs) finally break apart in the atmosphere and release chlorine atoms, they cause ozone depletion.
The Governing Council of the United Nations Environment Programme (UNEP) first discussed the issue of ozone depletion in 1976. The inter-governmental negotiations for an international agreement to phase out ozone depletion substances started in 1981 and ended with the adoption of the Vienna Convention for the protection of the ozone layer in 1985. This convention encourages international cooperation to research, monitor CFC production and exchange information.
The Montreal Protocol on substances that deplete the ozone layer was adopted in 1987. This followed the discovery of the Antarctic ozone hole in late 1985. The Protocol was designed so that phase out schedules can be revised on the basis of periodic scientific and technological assessments. Following these assessments the Protocol was adjusted to accelerate the phase out schedule in London in 1990, Copenhagen in 1992, Vienna in 1995 and Montreal in 1997.
The phase out schedules for developed countries is as follows: -
The study by the Law Commission is intended to bring about amendment in the Hindu Succession Act in order to provide Hindu women especially the daughters right to ancestral or inherited property. This is also intended to remove the gender discrimination in Mitakshara coparcenary by the inclusion of daughters. This is also intended to favour an inheritance certificate on the death of an individual by all heirs compulsorily which will indicate their shares and will be regarded as a proof of their right in the property or properties . Such documents would be necessary for mutation in revenue, municipal and other records.
There are two schools of Hindu Law namely Mitakshara and Dayabhaga. Dayabhaga Law prevails in Bengal, Assam and most parts of Orissa and Mitakshara prevails in the rest of India. In Kerala and parts of Karnataka, Mitakshara law prevails. Under the Mitakshara Law, a son, sons son and sons sons son have a right by birth in the ancestral properties in the hands of the father and their interest is equal to that of the father. The group having this right by birth is termed a coparcenary and coparcenary, therefore, is confined to male members of the joint family. By traditional definition, the ancestral properties are those properties obtained from father or paternal grandfather or paternal great-grandfather or share obtained on partition or self-acquired properties or separate properties of an individual thrown into the joint family properties.
Under the Indian Succession Act, 1925, which is also applicable to Hindus, both men and women have unrestricted right of testamentary disposition while the Muslim Law restricts the said right to only 1/3rd of the estate after deduction of funeral expenses and debts. Partial restriction on the power of testamentary disposition is also common among a number of European inheritance systems to prevent the legal heirs from being excluded totally.
The Law Commission has been entrusted with the task
of revising the Central Acts to simplify them and to remove anomalies,
ambiguities and inequities . It is in this context that the Commission
has taken up a study of certain important provisions regarding the property
rights of Hindu women in order to dispense gender justice.
The ex-Chairman, Railway Board, Shri Y,.P.Anand,
General Manager, Northern Railways, Shri S.P.Mehta also spoke on the occasion
and highlighted the contribution of Dr.Vishveshwariah, for the nation.
The young engineers shoulde inculcate the same spirit and dedication and
work for the development of the country, they hoped.
The provisions of the Scheme include: