NATIONAL AUTO FUEL POLICY ANNOUNCED
Shri Ram Naik, Minister
of Petroleum & Natural Gas, in a Press Conference held here
today, announced the National Auto Fuel Policy, which was approved
by the Cabinet on 3.10.2003.
Broadly, the policy
gives a roadmap for achieving various vehicular emission norms
over a period of time and the corresponding fuel quality upgradation
requirements. While it does not recommend any particular fuel
or technology for achieving the desired emission norms, it suggests,
taking into account security of supplies and existing logistics
perspectives, that liquid fuels should remain as main auto fuels
throughout the country and that the use of CNG/LPG be encouraged
in cities affected by higher pollution levels so as to enable
vehicle owners to have the choice of the fuel and technology combination.
The report also recommends measures for improving the present
mechanism of checking pollution from in-use vehicles.
The salient features
of the proposed Auto Fuel Policy are detailed in the Annexure.
The report has estimated
that the existing domestic oil refineries, in addition to the
investment of Rs. 10,000 crore already made to achieve Euro-I
auto fuel specifications, would need to incur an additional investment
of around Rs. 18,000 crore by the year 2005. Further investment
of around Rs. 12,000 crore will need to be made during the period
2005-2010. The investment requirement of the automobile industry
is estimated at around Rs. 25,000 crore over this period.
Shri Naik said that
in view of a number of Public Interest Litigations had been filed
in the various Courts of the country seeking for issuance of directions
for controlling vehicular pollution in Delhi, Mumbai, Kolkata,
etc. In order to take a holistic view of the diverse aspects of
auto emissions, auto technologies and auto fuel quality on the
one hand and the social costs and security of fuel supply on the
other, it was decided at a meeting chaired by the Prime Minister
on 30.8.2001 to set up a Committee of Experts of national repute
headed by Dr. R.A. Mashelkar, Director General, Council of Scientific
& Industrial Research (CSIR), to make recommendations to the
Government on an appropriate Auto Fuel Policy for the country.
Accordingly, this Ministry constituted an Expert Committee on
13.9.2001 to suggest an Auto Fuel Policy for India, along with
a roadmap for its implementation as also suitable auto fuels,
automobile technologies, fiscal measures, etc., to attain the
The Committee submitted
its final report on 25.9.2002 which was examined by the Ministry
in consultation with the Ministries of Finance, Environment &
Forests, Road Transport & Highways, Non-Conventional Energy
Sources, Planning Commission and State Governments.
OF PROPOSED AUTO FUEL POLICY
- Vehicular Emission Norms:
- A road map for vehicular emission norms for new vehicles would
be as follows:
Cars, light commercial vehicles
heavy duty diesel vehicles
2 / 3 wheelers
II - 1.4.2005
III equivalent – 1.4.2010
II – 1.4.2005
Stage III* – Preferably from 1.4.2008 but not later
/ NCR, Mumbai, Kolkata, Chennai, Bangalore, Hyderabad,
Ahmedabad, Pune, Surat, Kanpur & Agra)
II - 1.4.2003
III equivalent – 1.4.2005
IV equivalent* – 1.4.2010
*- These schedules
would be reviewed in the year 2006, when Euro-II equivalent
norms would be implemented in the entire country and Euro-III
equivalent norms would be implemented in 11 major cities.
It can be observed
that the cities facing serious pollution levels have been brought
under a separate road map for quicker adoption of emission norms.
- Auto fuels:- The
twin objectives of providing assured supply of auto fuels and
meeting environmental concerns would be achieved by following
the below mentioned broad policy: –
- Liquid fuels would be the main
auto fuels throughout the country by progressively upgrading
the quality/specifications in line with vehicular emission
- The use of CNG/LPG would be
encouraged in the cities affected by high vehicular pollution
to enable the vehicle owners to have the choice of fuel and
technology combination to meet the higher emission norms in
- To accelerate the development
of other alternative fuel vehicles including battery powered
vehicles, hydrogen and fuel cell vehicles, a comprehensive
programme of policy support, R&D support and other measures
for zero emission vehicles would be drawn up.
- Technologies for producing ethanol
/ bio-fuels from different renewable energy sources and vehicles
to utilize these bio-fuels would be encouraged by providing
R&D and other support through fiscal and financial measures.
(iii) Reduction of pollution
from in-use vehicles:- For reduction of pollution from
in-use vehicles, the following measures are suggested:
- New improved Pollution Under
Control (PUC) checking system for vehicles.
- Inspection & maintenance
(I&M) system for vehicles.
- Performance checking system
of catalytic converter and conversion kits for CNG/LPG.
- Augmentation of city public
- Compliance of emission norms
by city public service vehicles and inter State vehicles.
Road map for emission of compliance
of emission norms:
1. After 1.4.2007,
inter-State buses/trucks would not be allowed to originate/or
terminate in Delhi unless they meet minimum of India 2000 emission
norms. The cut off point for meeting Bharat Stage II norms will
2. In respect of
10 other major cities, all inter-State buses will have to meet
w.e.f 1.4.2006 a minimum of 1996 emission norms in case they
were registered before 1.4.2000. They have to meet w.e.f 1.4.2008,
a minimum of India 2000 norms if they were registered after
3. In respect of
10 other major cities, all inter-State buses would need to meet
a minimum of Bharat Stage-II emission norms w.e.f. 1.4.2011,
if these vehicles are registered after 1.4.2005.
& Development for Air Quality Data and Health Administration:
- Currently, the air quality data is insufficient in the country.
Studies would be undertaken for scientific data collection,
identification of critical pollution and emission source apportionment.
The information data base linking air pollution / vehicular
pollution related diseases and air pollution levels would be
strengthened. The interface between regulatory authorities and
health administration for devising the right strategies in the
direction of public health would be improved.