ELECTRONIC MEDIA IN THE SERVICE OF
are in existence in India for over three years. Since the launch
of Gyan Darshan on January 26, 2000, the bouquet of educational
TV channels today has three completely digital and round-the-clock
channels. In November 2001, a FM radio channel called Gyan Vani
was started which too has expanded manifold in its content and
offers interesting and informative programmes for different categories
of users such as pre-school kids, primary and secondary school
children, college/university students, youth seeking career opportunities,
housewives and adults. These programmes are contributed by major
educational institutions including IGNOU, UGC/CEC*, NCERT/CIET*,
Directorate of Adult Education, IITs, TTTIs* and other educational/developmental
organisations. The time slots are convenient and the programmes
are prepared with the help of experts in the field and experienced
production teams. Programmes from abroad are also broadcast to
offer the viewer a window to the world.
transmissions, uplinked from the earth station of EMPC-IGNOU New
Delhi, can be accessed all over the country throughout the year
and round the clock without any break. Gyan Darshan signals can
be conveniently received without any special equipment.
Gyan Darshan I
This is the main
Gyan Darshan channel. Its programmes include the ‘countrywide
classroom’ produced by CEC/UGC, ‘technovision’ produced by IITs
and ‘Bhasha Mandakini’ produced by the Rashtriya Sanskrit Sansthan.
Bhasha Mandakini, launched on September 5, 2003, Under Bhasha
Mandakini, the ‘Sanskrit Bhasha’ language series of programmes
are developed by the Rasthriya Sanskrit Sansthan in collaboration
with other Sanskrit institutes of higher learning such as the
Rashtriya Sanskrit Vidyapeeth (Tirupati), Shri Lal Bahadur Shastri
Rashtriya Sanskrit Vidyapeeth (Delhi) and other Sanskrit institute
and universities of repute. Bhasha mandakini is planned to include
all languages in the course of time.
Gyan Darshan 2
Gyan Darshan-2 is
devoted entirely to interactive distance education.
Gyan Darshan-2 and
TDCC (Training & Development Communication Channel) are one-way
video and two-way audio satellite-based interactive systems. Teleconference
through Gyan darshan and TDCC essentially follow the same principle
except that the former operates on C-band while the latter on
extended C. The signals can be received across the country.
TDCC is conceived
as a ‘close user group’ and was introduced in 1993 under the aegis
of DECU (ISRO) who pioneered the system of one-way video and two-way
audio communication system for educational applications. TDCC
has 6 up-linking facilities in the country and approximately 1000
downlinks established so far.
or teleconference is yet another and the latest intervention in
the distance education system. It provides a human face to the
otherwise remote and distant learner. The viewers can directly
access teachers/experts in the studio during an ongoing programme,
express their views and clear their doubts regarding specific
topics/issues as the programme goes on. IGNOU provides free interactive
telephonic facility in 79 cities through its toll free number
1-600-1-12345 for teleconferencing on Gyan Darshan-2, TDCC and
Eklavya brings quality
education to students pursuing engineering education.
lectures of the courses taught at the IITs situated at Kharagpur,
Mumbai, Kanpur, Delhi, Guwahati, Roorkee and Chennai.
Gyan Vani is an educational
FM Radio channel operating through FM stations from various parts
of the country. With 10 FM stations at Allahabad, Bangalore, Coimbatore,
Vishakhapatnam, Mumbai, Lucknow, Bhopal, Kolkata, Chennai and
Delhi already on air in the first half of 2003, the network is
slated to expand to a total of 40 stations.
Gyan Vani stations
operate as media cooperatives, with day-to-day programmes contributed
by various Ministries, educational institutions, NGOs and national
level institutions such as IGNOU, NCERT, UGC, IITs and open universities.
Each station has a range of about 70 km radius, which covers the
entire city/town as well as the surrounding area. Gyan Vani serves
as an ideal medium for niche listeners and for addressing local
educational, developmental and socio-cultural requirements. The
programmes are in English, Hindi and the language of the region.
The broadcast duration varies from stations to station, and is
in the range of 8-12 hours.
Besides, IGNOU and
All India Radio run a collaborative venture called interactive
radio counselling (IRC). Each Sunday, from 4 p.m. to 5 p.m., IRC
is available on 189 radio stations. The programmes are produced
in Hindi and English and the AIR stations broadcast IRC in the
language suited to their region.
The IRC programmes
are prepared by IGNOU. On fourth Sunday of every month the State
Open Universities conduct IRCs from Ahmedabad, Bhopal, Bangalore,
Patna, Jaipur, Kolkata, Hyderabad and Mumbai.
Institute of Educational Technology, a constituent of NCERT
of Educational Communication, an inter-university center under
Teachers’ Training Institutes