FACTS ON THE EARTHQUAKE AT A GLANCE

Date of Occurrence : 26th January 2001

Time : 8:46 A M

Magnitude : 6.9 on the Richter Scale

Epicentre : 23.6 North Latitude and 69.8 East Longitude

20 Kms North East of Bhuj 110 kms North-North East of Jamnagar

Severity

Epicentre :  Latitude 23.7 : Longitude 70.2   - Near Anjar in Kutch District

SIGNIFICANT PAST EARTHQUAKES OVER INDIA AND NEIGHBOURHOOD

DATE

EPICENTRE

LOCATION

MAGNITUDE

 

Lat (0N)

Long (0E)

 

on Richter Scale

1819 JUN 16

23.6

68.6

KUTCH, GUJARAT

8.0

1869 JAN 10

25

93

NEAR CACHAR, ASSAM

7.5

1885 MAY 30

34.1

74.6

SOPAR, J&K

7.0

1897 JUN 12

26

91

SHILLONG, PLATEAU

8.7

1905 APR 04

32.3

76.3

KANGRA, H.P

8.0

1918 JUL. 08

24.5

91.0

SRIMANGAL, ASSAM

7.6

1930 JUL 02

25.8

90.2

DHUBRI, ASSAM

7.1

1934 JAN 15

26.6`

86.8

BIHAR-NEPAL BORDER

8.3

1941 JUN 26

12.4

92.5

ANDAMAN ISLANDS

8.1

1943 OCT 23

26.8

94.0

ASSAM,

7.2

1950 AUG 15

28.7

96.6

ARUNACHAL PRADESH-CHINA BORDER

8.5

1956 JUL 21

23.3

70.2

ANJAR GUJARAT

7.0

1967 DEC 10

17.37

73.75

KOYNA, MAHARASHTRA

6.5

1975 JAN 19

32.39

78.50

KINNAUR, H.P.

6.2

1988 AUG 06

25.13

95.15 MANIPUR-MYANMAR BORDER

6.6

1988 AUG 21

26.72

86.63 BIHAR-NEPAL BORDER

6.4

1991 OCT 20

30.75

78.86 UTTAR KASHI , U.P. HILLS

6.6

1993 SEP 30

18.07

76.62 LATUR-OSMANABAD, MAHARASHTRA

6.3

1997 MAY 22

23.08

80.06 JABALPUR, M.P.

6.0

1999 MAR 29

30.41

79.42 CHAMOLI DIST. U.P.

6.8

2001 JAN 26

23.6

69.8 BHUJ DIST. GUJARAT

6.9

 

RECENT SIGNIFICANT EARTHQUAKES

Since September 2000

DATE

LOCATION

MAGNITUDE

5.9.2000

Koyna, Maharashtra

5.0

9.10.2000

Andmanan Sea

5.4

17.10.2000

Jabalpur, M.P.

5.2

5.11.2000

Andaman Islands Region

5.0

12.12.2000

Idukki district, Kerala

5.0

 

EARTHQUAKE PARAMETERS

Epicentre The point on the surface of the earth below which earthquake has occurred.

Magnitude Measure of the energy released by an earthquake, expressed in Richter Scale

Intensity Measure of how an earthquake is felt.

 

SEISMOLOGISTS QUANTIFY AN EARTHQUAKE IN DIFFERENT WAYS

Characteristics

Discribtion

Value for Bhuj earthquake

Comments

IMD

USGS

Local Magnitude (ML)

Short period waves recorded in the region of earthquake

6.9

On Richter Scale

Surface Wave Magnitude (Ms)

Long period waves recorded at distant places

7.7

7.9,8.0,7.7

Not on Richter Scale

BodyWave Magnitude (mb)

First wave recorded

7.1

7.1

Not on Richter Scale

Moment Magnitude (Mw)

Displacement of whole fault

7.2

7.3

Not on Richter Scale

WORST AFFECTED AREAS OF GUJARAT

District Takula
Kutch Bhuj
Anjar
Bhachau
Rapar
Gandhidham
Ahmedabad Ahmedabad City
Rajkot Morvi
Jamnagar Jodiya
Dhrol

 

FIRST RESPONSES ON 26TH JANUARY 2001

(Immediately after Republic Day Parade at 12 Noon)

Rescue and Relief Measures

26th January, 2001

27th January, 2001

Relief by 3rd February, 2001

Reconstruction and Major Relief Initiatives

1. $300 million assistance announced by the World Bank (WB)

2. $ 350 million assistance announced by Asian Development Bank (ADB).

3. Business associations like Cll, FICCI and ASSOCHAM decided to adopt large clusters of villages for relief and reconstruction.

4. Major PSUs of the Government of India have also decided to adopt groups of villages for relief and reconstruction.

PUBLIC ACCESS AND INFORMATION SHARING