Speech of Shri Nitish Kumar introducing the Railway Budget, 2002-2003 on
26th February 2002
Mr. Speaker Sir,
I rise to present the Budget Estimates for 2002-2003 for the Indian
- The year 2002-2003 will mark the 150th year of Railways dedicated and
glorious service to the nation. In these years, the organisation has grown from a mere 32
km to a vast network of more than 62 thousand route kilometres. In its long years of
service to the nation, the organisation has, at various times, faced difficult and
different challenges, but with the help of its built-in resilience, overcome all of them.
At all times, during peace and war, droughts and flood, national calamities or peak time
requirements, Railways and Railwaymen have never been found wanting. We will be
celebrating the 150th year of the Indian Railways in a befitting manner and
also use the opportunity to boost tourism, especially by rail.
- To meet the requirements of its users, be it freight or passenger or other subsidiary
services, Railways have, at different times, instituted many policy changes and have
carried out capacity expansion and modernisation works and are fully geared to meet the
transportation challenges ahead.
- Winds of change are blowing across the countrys economic scenario and Indian
Railway being the backbone of Indian economy, also needs to change to meet the current
economic challenges. We are addressing ourselves to this need and have initiated a number
of steps in this direction. This process will continue in the current year and in the
subsequent years of the X Plan. However, we have to be cautious and cannot follow an
extreme path. We have to learn from the experience of other countries both from their
failures as well as their successes. We have to take a course which would mean changes in
the crucial areas while maintaining continuity.
- In this Budget, therefore, I will not merely address the next fiscal but would also
attempt to provide a route map for the Indian Railways. The focus will, therefore, be on
policy initiatives, directed towards our long-term objectives. A Status Paper was
presented to this House in May, 1998, outlining the issues facing the Indian Railways.
Taking note of the changing scenario this is being updated, and will be presented to the
Parliament in the current session.
- Transportation throughput has increased from 73.2 million tonnes in the year 1950-1951
to approx. 489 MT in the 2001-2002. Passenger kilometres have increased from 66,517
million in the year 1950-1951 to 473,461 million in 2001-2002. As against this, the
increase in the number of route km of railway line has lagged behind, increasing by only
9,432 km during the last 50 years. It will be my effort to give a thrust to expansion of
the network during the X Five Year Plan period. In this endeavour, I am confident that I
will get the whole-hearted support of the House.
- In addition to the capacity augmentation that has already taken place in the form of
doubling of the intensively used corridors and technological upgradation in traction and
signaling, we propose to target addition of broad-gauge lines by way of new lines, gauge
conversion or by doubling to the extent of 5,000 km during the X Five year Plan. We also
propose to give a thrust to strengthening of the golden quadrilateral and diagonals
connecting the four metros.
- We are seeking the active cooperation and participation of several non-Railway agencies
in this effort. This includes entering into funding arrangements with the State
Governments, other Ministries and private parties.
Financial Performance in 2000-2001
- Now, I will go on to a brief review of the financial performance of the year 2000-2001
and also of the current year.
- The freight loading achieved in the year 2000-2001 was 473.50 million tonnes, which was
fairly close to the budgeted target of 475 million tonnes, the minor shortfall being on
account of a slow down in the economy having set in the last quarter of the financial
year. However, on account of lower lead of traffic of certain commodity groups, the
freight earnings fell short of the Budget Estimates by Rs 303 cr. On the other hand, the
passenger segment did well, resulting in Passenger Earnings exceeding the budget estimates
by Rs 367 cr. The Sundry Other Earnings, however, fell short of the target by Rs 714 cr
mainly due to non-materialisation of non-traditional source of earning from Leasing
of Right of Way of Optical Fibre Network. As a result, the overall earnings fell
short by Rs 742 cr and with an accretion of Rs 407 cr to the Railways dues in
traffic suspense, instead of a budgeted clearance of Rs 500 cr, the Gross Traffic Receipts
of the Railways fell short of the Budget Estimates by Rs 1,649 cr.
With continuing endeavour to contain revenue expenditure, the
Railways were able to reduce the Ordinary Working Expenses by Rs 581 cr from the Budget
Estimates of Rs 28,115 cr, even after absorbing various post-budgetary factors. However,
the overall shortfall in internal generation of resources resulted in the budgeted plan
expenditure of Rs 11,000 cr being reduced to Rs 9,395 cr. The net revenue of Railways was
found sufficient to pay dividend only to the extent of Rs 308 cr against Rs 615 cr
budgeted, after deferment of Rs 1,500 cr.
Review of Financial Performance in 2001-2002
- In anticipation of a revival in the economy, Railways set an optimistic target of 500
million tonnes of revenue earnings freight traffic for 2001-2002 i.e. a growth rate of
5.65%. However, due to continued economic slow down, the freight traffic remained stagnant
for first 5 months of the financial year, but with resurgence thereafter and
Railways marketing efforts, we now hope to carry 489 million tonnes of revenue
earning freight traffic by end of the year. As a result of this shortfall, estimates of
goods earnings have been revised downwards from Rs 25,235 cr to Rs 24,610 cr. Passenger
earnings are showing a steady progress and, therefore, have been kept at Rs 11,400 cr i.e.
marginally higher than the Budget Estimates of Rs 11,387 cr. The Other Coaching Earnings
have also been increased by Rs 10 cr in the Revised Estimates. The expected revenue from
non-traditional source of Leasing of Right of Way for Optic Fibre Cable
Network, will not materialise and Sundry Other Earnings have, therefore, been
reduced from Rs 1,717 cr of Budget Estimates to Rs 900 cr in the Revised Estimates. Taking
into account the continuing increase in unrealised earnings of the Railways, the budgeted
Gross Traffic Receipts of Rs 39,939 cr has reduced to Rs 37,720 cr in the Revised
- As a result of the vigorous efforts made by the Railways to control expenditure, it is
estimated that there would be a saving of Rs 1,090 cr in the Ordinary Working Expenses in
the current year. Accordingly, these have been kept at Rs 29,100 cr in the Revised
Estimates as against Rs 30,190 cr of Budget Estimates. However, despite this, the internal
generation of resources is likely to fall short of the budgeted target by Rs 888 cr, on
account of the shortfall in receipts.
- The Government has also extended an additional budgetary support of Rs 898 cr during the
current year for accelerated progress of certain selected projects. The budgeted
investment in BOLT and Own Your Wagon Schemes is, however, unlikely to materialise during
the year. Taking this into consideration, the annual plan investment for the year comes to
Rs 9,457 cr, compared to Rs 11,090 cr in the Budget Estimates. Taking into account the
additional amount of Rs 1,400 cr approved by Parliament towards the Special Railway Safety
Fund, the total plan expenditure works out to Rs 10,857 cr.
- Sir, safety has been a matter of concern to each and every member of this House, and
Railways consider this a subject of paramount importance. The tragic accident on the
Kadalundi Bridge in June 2001 has brought this issue into even greater focus. The Railway
Safety Review Committee headed by Justice H.R.Khanna in its report had recommended that
over-aged safety related assets of Indian Railways needed to be replaced or renewed
speedily. The requirement of funds for these replacements was assessed at Rs 15,000 cr.
- This year, with the directions of our Hon'ble Prime Minister and the support of the
Hon'ble Finance Minister, a Special Railway Safety Fund of Rs 17,000 cr has been set up
including due allowance for inflation, for clearing the backlog of replacement of
over-aged assets over the next six years. This Fund is being credited by budgetary support
of Rs 12,000 cr over a six year period and the balance Rs 5,000 cr is being raised by the
Railways through a safety surcharge levied on passengers with effect from the 1st
October 2001. The safety related works expected to be executed through this Fund include
the renewal of nearly 17,000 km of track, rebuilding of over 3000 bridges, replacement of
signaling gears at almost 950 stations, replacement of rolling stock and investment in
safety enhancement aids.
- The work has already started. Members would recall that, in the last winter session, a
supplementary demand for Rs 1,400 cr, for expenditure out of this Fund for the current
year, was approved by this House. The supplementary demand was accompanied by a
supplementary list of works (Green Book) listing the works to be taken up.
- I have discussed the issue of safety with the staff federations, who are also taking
initiative for conducting safety awareness drive among employees.
- The Konkan Railway Corporation has developed an Anti collision Device named as
"Raksha Kavach" based on satellite-based Global Positioning System (GPS), which
was dedicated to the nation on the 15th Oct. 2001. It is designed to prevent
collisions between trains. On successful completion of the extended trials that have been
commissioned, these would be introduced on the whole system. It is expected that this
measure will contribute significantly towards increasing safety in trains operations.
- Indian Railways and Bhilai Steel Plant of Steel Authority of India Limited are also
planning together to produce longer rails i.e. 26 metre and 65 or 78 metre, instead of the
conventional 13 metre length to reduce number of welds in the track.
- To improve the crash worthiness of coaches, as an immediate measure, coach interiors are
being re-designed with improved fittings and features, which would not cause injury.
Production of such improved coaches will commence during the year 2002-2003.
Simultaneously, the coach body will be re-designed to absorb more impact so as to keep
passenger carrying areas intact
- Across the length and breadth of the country the Railway track is a visible symbol of
the Government. Being a state owned asset it becomes a ready target for any terrorist,
agitationist or extremist, desirous of making his presence felt. As far as maintenance of
law & order and control of crime in Railway premises including running trains and
track network is concerned, it is the responsibility of the State Governments. In view of
countrywide concern regarding Railway security, a proposal for amending the RPF Act and
Railway Act to empower the RPF is under consideration so that in case of need they could
also play a role in providing security to passengers on running trains and station
premises. The attempt also is to maintain better liaison and coordination with State
Policy Initiatives taken during the year
- In our continuing effort to make the Railways serve the interests of the country better,
we have been working to take measures for increasing efficiency, reducing expenditure,
attracting capital for much needed investment in infrastructure and for increasing our
revenue. It would be relevant to mention some of the initiatives taken in these
- More autonomy has been given to the zonal railways by delegating enhanced financial
powers to the General Managers for acceptance of tenders. Simultaneously, procurement of
45 items out of 60 that were being earlier procured centrally by the Ministry has been
decentralised. This would ensure that General Managers would be able to decide locally and
quickly on procurement and other tenders, which will improve efficiency.
- Port connectivity, especially for the new ports is being provided either by the port
authorities themselves or by cost sharing between the Railways and the port authorities.
The rail connectivity for the Adani and Pipavav Ports in Gujarat are examples of this
- Cost sharing for suburban systems in Mumbai, Chennai, Kolkatta and Hyderabad is already
being done between the Railways and the State Governments. I am happy to inform the House
that under the aegis of K-Ride and in pursuance of the MOU signed earlier, SPVs are being
formed for expediting completion of identified projects in Karnataka. An MOU has also been
signed with Government of Jharkhand only this month in which the Government of Jharkhand
has agreed to bear 2/3rd of the share in the cost of projects in that State for
their expeditious completion and we are also going to sign a similar agreement with the
Government of Karnataka for time bound completion of some projects identified by them.
- We have recently entered into an MOU with the National Thermal Power Corporation to
explore the possibility of setting up captive thermal power plants for the Railways to
reduce expenditure on the electric energy bill.
Initiatives towards Improving Share in Freight Traffic
- With a view to provide an integrated freight booking and handling facility to customers,
a policy to encourage management of freight rail terminals by private entrepreneurs has
been formulated. A pilot project at Garhiharsaru near Gurgaon where a private terminal has
been set up is being operationalised.
- In order to provide value addition in rail transport service to the customers and to
reduce their overall logistics cost, it has been decided to encourage setting up of
warehousing facilities near rail terminals by State owned Corporations and private
parties. A pilot scheme is being undertaken at Whitefield in Bangalore.
- I am happy to announce that that the Railways intend to introduce high speed
refrigerated parcel vans to move perishables such as fruits and vegetables across the
country to help farmers get better prices for their produce.
- Sir, as I have mentioned earlier a major focus for the Railways will be the augmentation
of capacity on the saturated golden quadrilateral and its diagonals, which will require
doubling of the single line patches, third and fourth line in some stretches,
electrification of un-electrified areas and grade separation of busy level crossings and
up-gradation of track and wagons for running freight trains at 100 Kmph. A comprehensive
project for this purpose is being formulated with a view to explore other sources of
- As the House is fully aware, the Railways have a large shelf of on going projects under
the Plan head New Lines and Gauge Conversion. While the availability of resources is
limited, the aspirations of the people, which is also reflected in the requests made by
Honble Members of Parliament and State Governments, calls for expediting the
progress of these projects.
- Honble members have frequently complained that the allocation of funds for railway
projects to different states is not equitable. To meet this perceived sense of injustice,
I have decided to allot funds for the planheads New Lines, Doubling, Gauge Conversion,
Electrification etc. for projects in different states based on a clear and transparent
formula, so that the available resources are distributed in a manner which can be
considered fair and just. For this purpose, I have considered 3 major criteria viz, the
area of the state, the population and the throwforward of projects in states. Weightage
given to these 3 criteria is in the ratio 15%, 15% and 70% respectively. Based on this,
the percentage share of the available funds to different states has been
- The available funds for this allotment is calculated as follows. Of the
budgetary support available for capital expenditure, approximately 70% is kept for
projects. From this 70%, allocation is first made for works in the North East States,
which has to be 10% of the total, funds required for MTP projects, mega bridges and
Railways share of projects in which States have contributed a 2/3rd share
as being given by the State of Jharkhand. The balance constitutes the available
funds which has been distributed to different states on the basis of the formula
- Sir, the House will agree that allotment of projects funds has, therefore, been made in
a transparent and fair manner and there will no longer be a perceived sense of inequity
- Sir, construction of mega bridges also has to be given priority as they provide
strategic linkages and also where work needs to progress steadily once started. The work
of Ganga Bridge at Patna has commenced. The House will be happy to note that commencement
of work on the Bogibeel bridge over the mighty Brahmaputra will take place during the
ensuing Bihu celebrations. We also propose to explore the possibility of other sources of
funding for such mega bridges.
- It was announced in July, 1996 that Udhampur-Srinagar-Baramulla project would be a
National Project to be funded from outside the Railways plan. However, the required
funding had not materialised. I express my gratitude to the Honble Prime Minister
while informing the House that the Government has recently decided that Udhampur-Katra and
Qazigund-Baramulla sections of the project should be completed in a time span of three
years and the funds required are to be provided as an additionality. An amount of Rs 300
cr has been proposed for this work during 2002-2003.
- There are two projects that are being undertaken on strategic considerations, namely, a
new line between Kolayat & Phalodi and onging gauge conversion from Luni to Munabao.
In view of the fact that these works are being undertaken on strategic considerations, it
has been decided that the Ministry of Defence would provide the necessary funds to the
Ministry of Railways for their early completion. In the current year, Rs 25 cr have been
provided and in the year 2002-2003 it would be Rs 130 cr. These projects will be completed
in a specified time frame.
- In previous budgets, a number of works had been included without obtaining requisite
clearances, with the proviso that the work would be taken up after the clearances were
received. However, such a procedure has met with criticism. I would like to inform the
Honble Members that in pursuance to a decision taken by Cabinet Committee on
Economic Affairs, no new projects would be included in the Budget without requisite
clearances being available.
- Sir, I am happy to state that with the completion of Dharmavaram-Puttaparthi section,
the new line project from Dharmavaram to Penukonda has been completed. The other sections
which will get completed before March, 2002 are :
- Dewas-Maksi of Godhra-Indore & Dewas-Maksi project.
- Gajol-Buniadpur of Eklakhi-Belurghat project.
- In 2002-2003, Railways propose to complete 214 km of new line which also include
following sections :-
- Buniadpur-Balurghat to complete the Eklakhi-Balurghat new line
- Joruli-Keonjhar of Daitari-Banspani
- Kumarghat-Manu of Kumarghat-Agartala
- Daurandha-Maharajganj restoration
- Bajkul-Kanthi of Tamluk-Digha
During the current year, the gauge conversion of Amguri-Tuli, Makum-Dangri and
Wankaner-Morbi sections has already been completed. The work of new line from
Penkakallu-Gooty as part of Guntur-Guntakal gauge conversion project and Lakshmanthirtha
Bridge as part of Mysore-Hassan project has also been completed. The remaining two
sections i.e. Soni-Bhind and Dhrangadhra-Kuda are also targeted to be completed in this
I am happy to inform the House that with the availability of additional resources,
traffic block for gauge conversion for Mudkhed-Nizambabad has already been taken and
Mudkhed-Dharmabad gauge conversion will be completed by March, 2002 and
Dharmabad-Nizamabad by June, 2002. The Bolaram-Secunderabad section of this project will
also be converted in the next few months. The gauge conversion of Luni-Samdari-Jasai will
also be completed during 2002-2003.
During the year 2002-2003, the following sections are further planned for completion :-
- Latur-Latur Road new line of Miraj-Latur gauge conversion project
- Vadalur-Vriddhachalam of Salem-Cuddalore
- Rajkot-Jetalsar of Rajkot-Veraval
- During the current year about 150 km of doubling would be completed, while in the next
financial year a target of 250 km has been proposed.
- Honble members will be happy to know that doubling of Solapur-Pakni,
Cheoki-Lohgara of Manikpur-Cheoki, Ahmedpur-Sainthia, Gaya-Chakand, Kanpur-Chandari,
Seemapur-Katihar, Kumarganj-Eklakhi and Sambalpur-Rengali sections have been included in
this budget. This will ease the traffic flow and create additional capacity on some of the
- I am pleased to inform the house that Railway Electrification works have progressed
satisfactorily during the year. The important sections, which have been energized, include
Bhubaneshwar-Kottavalasa (on Chennai-Kolkata route). Electrification of
Sitarampur-Mughalsarai section of the Howrah-Delhi mainline has also been completed. The
railways had set an ambitious target of electrification of 2300 route kms during the 9th
Plan period. I am happy to inform the House that this target will not only be met but also
surpassed. This has been made possible due to additional allocation for the last mile
projects during the current financial year.
- It gives me satisfaction to report that 3-phase technology EMU rakes capable of working
both on DC & AC traction have been introduced on the Churchgate-Virar section of
Western Railway. Apart from higher speed potential and faster service, these EMUs will
also result in 30% energy saving. This will also facilitate meeting the increased demand
for suburban traffic in Mumbai.
Suburban Transport Projects
- Sir, I am glad to inform the House that the work on the balance portion of 5th
line from Andheri to Borivili is expected to be completed by the end of March. With this
the fifth line from Santa Cruz to Borivili would stand completed. Work of automatic
signaling from Virar Dahanu Road is also progressing well and is expected to be
commissioned by March 2002, thereby increasing the line capacity of this section.
- Honble Members would be glad to know that electrification of Circular Railway in
Calcutta which was earlier completed from Dum Dum to Talla has since been extended up to
Princepghat. The work of electrification of Ranaghat Bongaon has also been
completed. Electrification of Barasat Hasnabad section is expected to be
commissioned in the next financial year.
- Honble Members are aware that Ministry of Railways had signed a Memorandum of
Understanding with Government of Andhra Pradesh for strengthening the existing rail
infrastructure for running of commuter services in the city of Hyderabad. Work on phase I
of the project for upgradation of railway infrastructure in Secunderabad Falaknuma
and Secunderabad -Hyderabad Lingampalli section has been taken in hand.
- The Research Designs & Standards Organisation (RDSO), the pioneering R&D wing of
the Indian Railways has been in the forefront in developing and adopting new technologies
to enhance the reliability of assets and safety in train operations. Some of the important
achievements of RDSO during the year 2001-2002 are development of higher axle load wagons
to increase throughput, design and development of a state-of-the-art 2300 H.P. Diesel
Electrical Locomotive for export, development of fiber reinforced plastic sleepers for
girder bridges, development of coaching container flats for handling parcel traffic,
development of train actuated warning system at level crossings, etc. To give a thrust to
research and development efforts, restructuring of this organisation is being carried out
and will be completed during 2002-2003. It has also been decided to provide a world class
test track, for carrying out R&D activities, at a cost of Rs 87 cr.
Public Sector Undertakings
- Honble Members will be happy to know that the performance of the Public Sector
Undertakings has been satisfactory during the year 2000-2001. In 2000-2001, IRCON
International Ltd. had a turnover of Rs 811 cr and earned a net profit of Rs 66 cr. It
paid a dividend of Rs 14.85 cr. Rail India Technical & Economic Services (RITES)
achieved the highest ever turnover of Rs 181 cr during the year 2000-2001, recording a net
profit of Rs 15 cr and paid a dividend of Rs 2 cr. I am glad to inform the House that
RITES has been given the status of mini-Ratna this month. Container Corporation of India
Ltd. (CONCOR) had a turnover of Rs 1,075 cr, earning a profit of Rs 217 cr and paid Rs
43.54 cr as dividend. Its turnover increased by 29 % in 2000-2001 as compared to the
previous year and the dividend increased by 33%. Indian Railway Finance Corporation (IRFC)
earned a net profit of Rs 238 cr. It mobilised a total of Rs 2,950 cr from market in
2000-2001 to supplement the plan resources of Indian Railways. It paid a dividend of Rs
64.96 cr. All these four PSUs have been graded as "Excellent" in their
Konkan Railway Corporation
- I am glad to inform the House that the Konkan Railway Corporation has consistently been
improving its performance. In the last two years the growth in traffic has been of the
order of 25% every year. As Honble members are aware, about 70% of the capital cost
of the Konkan Railway has been met through market borrowings resulting, in recent years,
in heavy fund requirement for debt servicing and redemption. The Railways have been giving
continued financial support to this organization. The support extended by the Railways
till date is Rs 1,398 cr, of which Rs 744 cr was paid in the year 2001-2002 alone.
- Indian Railways have been providing comprehensive health care to railwaymen and their
families as a vital input in human resource development. Prevention of communicable and
non communicable diseases, monitoring of drinking water quality, monitoring of food
quality supplied to Railway passengers, improvement of environmental sanitation and
imparting health education are some of the salient components of the services.
- As result of careful planning and implementation and due to dedicated efforts of the
staff, the health care indices of Railway population now are a matter of satisfaction and
are comparable to the best available in the country.
- Continuing in my efforts to bring about transparency in the recruitment process,
recruitment of more categories of staff is being brought under the purview of Railway
Recruitment Boards. Accordingly, RPF constables and certain other RPF categories like
Sub-Inspector and Inspector and all categories of Group D staff will be
recruited through the RRBs.
- Sir, I am happy to inform the House that the performance of Indian Railways during the
year 2001-2002 has been excellent, and Railway sportspersons have continued to win both at
the national and international level. During the year eight sports persons from Railways
have been honoured with Arjuna Award, which is an all time record.
- The Honble Members would recall that, during the discussions on the Supplementary
Demands for Grants placed before the House in the Winter Session, 2001 I had mentioned
that we will be taking suggestions from Members of Parliament who are associated with and
taking keen interest in sports activities. This meeting was held in the month of January,
2002 and I am glad to inform the House that the annual sports budget is being doubled. The
sports quota on recruitment in Group C & D has also been increased from the existing
649 to 1200. Members would also be glad to note that the cash award to be given to various
awardees of Arjuna, Dronacharya and Rajiv Gandhi Khel Ratna awards has been doubled.
- Indian Railways have continuous dialogue with our staff federations through the
Permanent Negotiating Machinery (PNM). There is a regular dialogue with officers as well
as staff federations through the forum Participation of Railway Employees in
Management (PREM). We have been getting full cooperation and participation of these
federations in the measures being identified for cutting costs and for increasing
productivity in various areas of our operations, including right-sizing of the staff
Passenger Amenities Year
- Sir, to celebrate the 150th year of Railway services, I have great pleasure
in dedicating the coming year to the Rail traveler and declaring it the Passenger
Amenities Year. To commemorate the historic and momentous date i.e., 16th April
1853, when the first train steamed out of Boribunder for Thane, we are introducing sixteen
inter-city train services to be called as Jan Shatabdi Express trains. These trains will
have most of the characteristics of the current Shatabdi Express trains and will also have
specially designed second class chair car accommodation. These trains will, therefore, be
accessible to a much wider spectrum of travelling public true to its name of Jan Shatabdi.
The 16 pairs of services proposed to be introduced in various parts of the country are as
- Madgaon-Mumbai (Lokmanya Tilak Terminus)
- Raigarh-Raipur -Durg
- Bhubaneswar- Howrah
- Dehradun-New Delhi
- Howrah-Malda Town
- Chandigarh-New Delhi
- Chennai Central-Vijayawada via Gudur
- Before I come to the other new trains, increase in frequency and extension of existing
services, I would like to inform the House about some of the initiatives taken by us to
improve passenger amenities.
Unreserved Ticketing System (UTS)
- We carry about 13 million passengers per day of which 12 million are unreserved
passengers. It gives me great pleasure to announce that in the 150th Year of
Indian Railways we will be developing computer based Unreserved Ticketing System. With
this system, unreserved tickets can be issued even from locations other than the boarding
station. The system will also be able to issue MST and QST, as also have the flexibility
of issuing tickets from anywhere to anywhere even for a journey on a future date. For this
purpose a pilot project is being launched during the year.
Passenger Reservation System Policy
- To facilitate the journey of rail users, it has been the endeavour of the Indian
Railways to provide PRS centres at maximum number of locations. I have decided to provide
PRS centres at stations where the reservation related workload is over 100 transactions
per day, apart from important stations and at all District Headquarters.
- In the current year, PRS terminals have been provided at 90 locations taking the total
tally of PRS locations to over 700 by the end of the year. With the implementation of the
above policy, in the year 2002-2003, 150 more terminals would be added across the country
to commemorate the 150th year of the Indian Railways.
- It is our responsibility to provide potable water in Railway premises to our passengers
and we have been shouldering this responsibility successfully. Drinking water is regularly
tested and any deficiency is immediately rectified. The system in this regard will be
further improved and strengthened. I have been receiving complaints regarding the poor
quality of bottled water being sold at Railway stations. We have, therefore, decided that
the Indian Railways Catering and Tourism Corporation Ltd. will set up plants for
manufacture of packaged drinking water under the brand name "Rail Neer". These
plants will be set up in a phased manner through out the country. "Rail Neer"
will be the exclusive brand to be sold at railway premises and trains to ensure that the
Railway user gets quality drinking water. Since the entire investment in the project will
be by IRCTC, it will not put any additional burden on Indian Railways finances.
- The Indian Railways Catering and Tourism Corporation (IRCTC) has been established for
upgrading and professionalising passenger amenity services on Indian Railways. It has
become functional and has already taken over substantial catering operations from Indian
Railways. The departmental catering of Indian Railways will be transferred to IRCTC along
with catering staff.
- IRCTC will commission about fifty Food Plazas at Railway Stations providing wholesome
and hygienic food during 2002-2003. A pilot project for provision of six Budget Hotels
will also be implemented within this year. I have also directed IRCTC to provide free food
to infants less than five years of age and travelling in Shatabdi and Rajdhani Express
- Sir, I would now like to mention about introduction of new trains, increase in frequency
of trains and extension of services. Keeping in view the requests received and the
requirements assessed, I am happy to announce the introduction of the following additional
- Durg-Bangalore via Gondia, Chanda Fort and Secunderabad (Weekly)
- Guwahati-Jodhpur-Bikaner via Jaipur (Weekly)
- Jammu Tawi-Haridwar
- Sarnath-Rajgir Budh Purnima Express via Gaya (Tri-weekly)
- Durg-Jaipur (Weekly)
- Bangalore-Gandhidham via Hubli (Weekly)
- Ahmedabad-Varanasi via Allahabad (Weekly)
- Hatia-Mumbai (Lokmanya Tilak Terminus) via Gaya, Varanasi (Weekly)
- Garwa Road-Hatia
- Cannanore-Bangalore (Weekly)
- Chennai Egmore-Trivandrum via Nagercoil
- Habibganj-Mumbai (Lokmanya Tilak Terminus) (Weekly)
- Bhopal-Howrah (Weekly)
- Jaipur-Mumbai (Bandra Terminus)(Tri-weekly)
- Nanded-Pune (Tri-weekly)
- Nizamuddin-Kanyakumari via Villupuram (Weekly)
- Howrah-Gorakhpur via Narkatiaganj (Weekly)
- New Delhi-Howrah (Biweekly)
- Indore-Patna via Bhopal-Lucknow (Weekly)
- Ahmedabad Rajkot
- Vishakhapatnam-Chennai (Weekly)
- Pathankot-Delhi (Tri-weekly)
- Ernakulam-Calicut (In place of 6341/6342 Ernakulam-Trivandrum Express via Alleppey and
after introduction of Jan Shatabdi Express between Ernakulam and Trivandrum)
- Honble Members from the Northeastern States will be happy to note that the
Rajdhani train between Guwahati and New Delhi will now run every day as the frequency of
2435/2436 New Delhi-Guwahati Rajdhani Express is being increased from biweekly to four
days a week. The frequency of the following pairs of trains is also being increased :-
- 2421/2422 New Delhi-Bhubaneswar Rajdhani Express from bi-weekly to tri-weekly and
re-routing via Adra-Kharagpur instead of via Howrah.
- 2805/06 Visakhapatnam-Vijayawada Janmabhoomi Express from six days a week to daily.
- 5211/5212 Amritsar-Darbhanga Jansewa Express via Narkatiaganj from two days a week to
daily.This train will now be known as Jan Nayak Express.
- 1463/1464 Rajkot-Jabalpur Express from four days a week to five days a week (by
extending 1269/1270 Rajkot Bhopal Express to Jabalpur via Itarsi once a week).
- 5209/5210 Amritsar-Barauni Jansewa Express from five days a week to daily via Bhatni,
Chhapra, Shahpur Patoree
- 2129/2130 Pune-Howrah Azad Hind Express from three days a week to four days a week.
- 6509/6510 Ajmer-Bangalore Express from weekly to bi-weekly.
- 5049/5050 Gorakhpur-Howrah Express from weekly to bi-weekly and routing via Mau, Indara,
Ballia and Shahpur Patoree.
- 8603/8604 Hatia-Delhi Jharkhand Swarnajayanti Express (via Daltonganj) from bi-weekly to
- 8605/8606 Hatia Delhi Jharkhand Swarnajayanti Express (via Gaya) from bi-weekly
- 5025/5026 Godaan Express from weekly to bi-weekly (once a week from Gorakhpur to Mumbai
(Lokmanya Tilak Terminus) and once a week from Chhapra to Mumbai (Lokmanya Tilak Terminus)
via Bhatni, Mau and Shahganj).
- 9311/9312 Indore Pune Express via Vasai Road from weekly to bi-weekly.
- 4319/4320 Dehradun-Kathgodam Express from weekly to bi-weekly.
- I am also happy to announce the extension of the following services:-
- 1003/1004 Mumbai-Nanded Devgiri Express to Nizamabad.
- 5045/5046 Gorakhpur-Ahmedabad Weekly Express to Okha
- 4231/4232 Lucknow-Saharanpur Express to Chandigarh.
- 6519/6520 Bangalore-Bangarapet Express to Jolarpettai.
- 8101/8102 Tata-Hatia-Pathankot Express to Jammu Tawi.
- 6589/6590 Bangalore-Miraj Rani Chennamma Express to Kolhapur.
- 4859/4860 Delhi-Jodhpur Express to Jaisalmer.
- 4845/4846 Jodhpur-Ahmedabad Suryanagari Express to Mumbai (Bandra Terminus) four days a
- 5005/5006 Dehradun-Gorakhpur Express (tri-weekly) to Muzaffarpur once a week via
- 8025/8026 Shalimar-Bankura Aranyak Express to Adra.
- 5302/5305 Kanpur-Kasganj Express to Bareilly (MG)
- 3245/3246 Danapur-Katihar Capital Express to New Jalpaiguri
- 1269/1270 Rajkot Bhopal Express to Jabalpur via Bina-Katni (two days a week)
- 4269/4270 Lucknow-Chopan-Shaktinagar-Singrauli Triveni Express to Barwadih by running a
link express between Chopan and Barwadih.
- 8441/42 Bhubaneshwar Palasa Intercity Express to Srikakulam.
- 243/244 Visakhapatnam-Srikakulam MEMU to Palasa.
It is my pleasure to inform the House that on completion of electrification of circular
railway at Lucknow which is targetted for 31st March, 2002, I propose to
introduce circular MEMU service in Lucknow. During the year, MEMU services are also
proposed to be introduced between Virar and Dahanu Road and between Palghat Town and
Erode. In addition, the following new passenger trains are proposed to be introduced:-
- Guwahati-New Bongaigaon via Goalpara
- Rewari-Delhi Sarai Rohilla (MG)
- Pathankot-Jammu Tawi
Annual Plan 2002-2003
Sir, now I would like to present Annual Plan 2002-2003. The Plan outlay for 2002-2003
has been kept at Rs 10,120 cr. Taking into account the outlay of Rs 2,210 cr on safety
related works through the Special Railway Safety Fund (SRSF), the total outlay comes to Rs
12,330 cr. This is Rs 1,473 cr higher than the Revised Estimates of last year. Net of
SRSF, the increase amounts to Rs 663 cr. For the year 2002-2003, the total funds received
from General Exchequer are Rs 5,840 cr, including Rs 1,350 cr as contribution towards the
SRSF and Rs 450 cr from the Central Road Fund. The corresponding figure for last year was
Rs 5,738 cr, including Rs 898 cr received for last mile projects, Rs 1,000 cr for the SRSF
and Rs 300 cr from the Central Road Fund.
In addition to the budgetary support, I propose to provide Rs 2,630 cr for plan
expenditure through internal resource generation. Although this is Rs 620 cr less than
what was budgeted for last year, the positive feature is that the uncertainty in
realisation of budgeted earnings is not there. As in previous years, extra-budgetary
resources, mainly through market borrowing from the Indian Railway Finance Corporation
will provide the balance requirements of the Plan. For the Special Railway Safety Fund,
the contribution of the Central Government would be supplemented by collection of safety
surcharge expected to be Rs 860 cr, taking the total outlay under SRSF to Rs 2,210 cr.
Sir, the thrust of the Annual Plan is expansion and safety. The total outlay under
Capital on the five major plan project heads this year has been kept at Rs 2,888 cr with
Rs 911 cr on New Lines, Rs 862 cr on Gauge Conversion, Rs 610 cr for Doubling and Rs 237
cr for Electrification. The outlay on metropolitan transport projects has been kept at Rs
268 cr. This, along with the multi-lateral funding expected for MRVC would give an impetus
to these projects.
In order to give a major thrust to R&D activities, the outlay for Railway research
is being doubled. The allocation to the planheads critical to safety has also been
increased substantially. The outlay on these planheads, inclusive of outlay given under
the Special Railway Safety Fund, is Rs.2703 cr for Track Renewals, Rs. 204 cr for Bridges
and Rs.725 cr for Signaling & Telecommunications. These outlays are 46%, 86% and 75%
higher than their respective revised estimates for 2001-2002.