BACKGROUNDER

FIRST NATIONAL COMMISSION ON LABOUR
STATUS OF IMPLEMENTATION OF ITS RECOMMENDATIONS

    The first National Commission on Labour was set up on 24th December 1966 under the Chairmanship of Justice P.B. Gajendragadkar. The Commission submitted its report in August , 1969 after detailed examination of all aspects of labour problems, both in the organised and unorganised sectors. The recommendations covered issues like recruitment agencies and practices, employment service administration, training and workers education, working conditions, labour welfare, housing, social security, wages and earnings, wage policy, bonus, workers/employers organisations, industrial relations machinery etc.

STATUS OF IMPLEMENTATION OF ITS RECOMMENDATIONS

    Important recommendations of the Labour Commission have been implemented through amendments to certain labour laws like the Workmen’s Compensation Act, 1923 ( for removal of wage ceiling for coverage), the Industrial Disputes Act, 1947 ( mainly in respect of the unfair labour practices). The Employees State Insurance Act, 1948 enhancement in the wage limit for exemption from payment of Employees’ Contribution), Factories Act, 1948 ( for making penalties more stringent for violation of safety requirements and provision of Welfare facilities), and the Employees Provident Funds and Miscellaneous Provisions Act, 1952 (enhancement in the rate of contribution and making default of dues a cognizable offence). Certain new laws have also been enacted like the Contract Labour (Regulation and Abolition) Act, 1970, Limestone and Dolomite Mines Labour Welfare Fund Act, 1972, Iron Ore, Manganese Ore and Chrome Ore Mines Labour Welfare Fund Act, 1976. Equal Remuneration Act, 1976 and Child Labour ( Prohibition & Regulation ) Act, 1986. In the areas of wage policy and minimum wages, employment services, vocational training, labour statistics and research and workers’ education also, the recommendations made by the Commission have been largely taken into account in modifying the policies, procedures and programmes of the Government. The National Labour Institute was set up in 1972 in pursuance of the recommendations of the Commission.