‘36’
EASTERN RAILWAY

    Eastern Railway was formed on 14 April, 1952 by integration of the East Indian Railway consisting of Sealdah, Howrah, Asansol and Danapur Divisions and the entire Bengal-Nagpur Railway. Later, the portion of BNR stretching from Howrah to Visakhapatnam in the South, Howrah to Nagpur in the central area and upto Katni in the North Central Region were separated and formed as South Eastern Railway in 1955.

    For operational advantages, some portions of routes were redistributed amongst Eastern, South Eastern routes and Northern Railway and some new roads were constructed. Eastern Railway at present has 4227.85 route kilometres. Three more divisions namely Dhanbad, Mughalsarai and Malda were formed later. All its seven divisions stretch over West Bengal, Bihar, U.P and M.P. The area served by Eastern Railway is economically very important. Apart from serving the most densely populated region in the country, this Railway serves the area rich in minerals, agriculture and industry. This Railway has already electrified 1837 route kilometres.

    With headquarter at Calcutta, Eastern Railway extends to Bangladesh border in the east, Lalgola and Malda to the north and Mughalsarai in the North-west. Starting from Howrah, the main line of Eastern Railway runs 221 kms. to Sitarampur from where it divides into two directions one via Patna to Mughalsarai, 755 kms. from Howrah and the other via Gaya to converge at Mughalsarai, 673 kms. from Howrah. Mughalsarai is the largest interchange Railway Junction in India. Eastern Railway also extends to Chopan and Mahadiya in North Central region.

    To serve the long distance passenger traffic, the Railway has introduced a large number of fast long distance Mail/Express trains. Rajdhani Express was introduced for the first time on India Railways between Howrah and Delhi.

    On the suburban front, Howrah and Sealdah divisions of Eastern Railway are catering to the needs of entire suburban passengers other than those on South Eastern System. Most of the suburban routes have been electrified.

    Eastern Railway has been the pioneer in introducing Diesel Multiple Units service for the first time in the country. This service is being introduced in those passenger sections which are not electrified.

    Eastern Railway played a significant role in the economy of the country. Coal is the principal freight traffic of this Railway, constituting about 83.5 per cent of the total freight traffic carried by this Railway. Eastern Railway serves the coalfields of Raniganj, Jharia, Karanpura, Rajmahal and Singrauli. This Railway also serves the coal washeries at Dugda and Patherdih and supplies coal to the thermal power plants in eastern and northern India.

    Apart from coal and coke, this Railway also transports iron and steel from Durgapur and Burnpur, Bauxite from Tori, stone from Pakur, Karwandiya and Jamalpur, mica from Koderma and Giridih, cement from Japla, Sindhri and Durgapur and host of other merchandise including jute, tea, textile, automobiles etc. The oil refinery at Barauni, oil installation at Rajbandh and Budge-Budge, fertiliser plants at Sindhri, Barauni and Durgapur, the industrial towns like Chittaranjan, Burnpur, Dhanbad, Renukoot and industrial suburbs of Calcutta and Howrah are served by this Railway.
 
 

SOME IMPORTANT STATISTICS

States served 
West Bengal, Bihar, U.P and M.P
No. of Divisions
 7
No. of major Workshops Route kilometres
3
Broad Gauge 
4095.32
Narrow Gauge 
132.53
Total 
4227.85

 

Electrified Route (Km)
1837
Non-Electrified Route (Km)
2399.35
No. of stations
 834
Strength of staff(in lakhs) No. of passenger Trains run
 2.05
Mail/Express
174
EMU
869
Non EMU
50
Suburban DMUs
32
Conventional Passenger
243
Non Sub.DMU
96
MEMU
52
Total trains
1516
Electric locomotives
446
Diesel locomotives
511
EMU rakes
119
No. of passenger coaches
7014
No. of Wagons (in Four Wheeler Units) owned
81976