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Government of India
Ministry of Labour & Employment
28-November-2013 17:44 IST
Report on Youth Employment-Unemployment Scenario 2012-13 Released

 

Labour Bureau, Chandigarh ,  an attached office of the Ministry of Labour & Employment released the Report on 'Youth Employment-Unemployment Scenario 2012-13' today.  It comprises the labour force estimates for specific age groups representing “Youth" based on various approaches to measure Employment & Unemployment scenario in the country.

 

The main findings of the survey are as follows:

 

·         Labour Force Participation Rate (LFPR) is estimated to be 31.2, 47.3 and 39.5 per cent respectively among age groups 15-24, 18-29 and 15-29 under UPS approach at All India level.

 

·         Worker Population Ratio (WPR) is estimated to be 25.5, 41.2 and 34.2 per cent respectively among age groups 15-24, 18-29 and 15-29 under UPS approach at All India level.

 

·         Unemployment Rate (UR) is estimated to be 18.1, 13.0 and 13.3 per cent respectively among age groups 15-24, 18-29 and 15-29 under UPS approach at All India level .

 

·         Based on the survey results, majority of the persons employed under the age group 15-29 years are either self employed or casual worker.

 

·         Based on usual principal status approach for the age group 15-29 years, 41.3 per cent employed persons are self employed followed by 34.7 per cent under casual worker category and remaining 24.0 per cent under wage/salaried employee and contract category worker classification.

 

·         The survey results show that with increase in education level, the unemployment rate is also increasing for all age groups viz. 15-24 years, 18-29 years and 15-29 years.

 

·         Every 1 person out of 3 persons who is holding a degree in graduation and above is found to be unemployed based on the survey results under the usual principal status approach for the age group 15-29 years.

 

·         In rural areas the unemployment rate among graduates and above for the age group 15-29 years is estimated to be 36.6 per cent whereas in urban areas the same is 26.5 per cent.

 

·         The unemployment rate among the persons who can't read and write any language or are considered as "not literate" as per the survey is lowest with 3.7 per cent for the age group 15-29 years at All India level.

 

·         The different approaches in such a survey are: usual principal status (UPS) approach, usual principal and subsidiary status (UPSS) approach, current weekly status (CWS) approach and current daily status (CDS) approach. The estimates of LFPR, WPR and UR under different approaches at all India level is as follows.

 

 

in per cent

Approach

15-24 Year

18-29 Year

15-29 Year

Labour Force Participation Rate (LFPR)

UPS

31.2

47.3

39.5

UPSS

33.2

49.4

41.5

CDS

30.7

46.1

38.6

CWS

32.0

47.7

40.1

Worker Population Ratio (WPR)

UPS

25.5

41.2

34.2

UPSS

28.1

44.0

36.9

CDS

25.4

40.2

33.6

CWS

26.9

42.2

35.3

Unemployment Rate (UR)

UPS

18.1

13.0

13.3

UPSS

15.3

11.0

11.3

CDS

17.2

12.7

13.0

CWS

16.0

11.7

12.0

 

   

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

The main features/parameters for the survey are:

·         The survey has been conducted in all the States/UTs by covering all the districts from October, 2012 to May, 2013. 

·         A moving reference period of last twelve months from the date of survey is used to derive the estimates based on usual status approach. For current weekly and current daily status approach, the week comprising of seven days preceding the date of the survey is taken as the reference period.

·         The labour force estimates are derived for the persons aged 15 years and above. A total sample of 1,33,354 households has been covered with a break up of 82,624 households in the rural sector and 50,730 households in the urban sector.

·         Labour force and related estimates presented in the report are state-wise/ age-group wise/gender-wise/sector-wise 

 

Status for  Northern Region

·         In  the Northern Region, Labour Force Participation Rate in Haryana is estimated to be 35.3 per cent followed by 36.2 per cent in Punjab, 36.3 per cent in Chandigarh & 45.1 per cent in Himachal Pradesh for the age group 15-29 under the Usual Principal Status Approach.

·         Under the Worker Population Ratio , it is estimated to be 31.0 per cent in Haryana followed by 31.3 per cent in Punjab & Chandigarh each & 37.2 per cent in Himachal Pradesh for the age Group15-29 year.

             In case of Unemployment Rate for the age group 15-29 year in Himachal Pradesh a maximum with 17.7 per cent followed by 13.6 per cent in Chandigarh, 13.5 per cent  in Punjab and 12.3  percent in Haryana.

 

The Labour Bureau has already released the results of the Third Annual Employment & Unemployment Survey 2012-13 in two Volumes on 19th Sept, 2013. The present one is the third volume. The publication is available on the website of Labour Bureau (www.labourbureau.gov.in).

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