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Government of India
Ministry of Drinking Water & Sanitation
14-December-2013 20:17 IST
Construction of Toilets

 

The Minister of State (Independent Charge) in the Ministry Of Drinking Water and Sanitation Shri Bharatsinh Solanki said in a statement in the Parliament that the number of toilets constructed in the country with central assistance under the Total Sanitation Campaign (TSC)/ Nirmal Bharat Abhiyan (NBA) State/UT-wise, during each of the last three years and the current year, State/UT wise is at Annexure-1. Under the revised Guidelines of Nirmal Bharat Abhiyan, a conjoint approach to water supply and sanitation has been adopted for ensuring water facilities to the toilets constructed.

 

The expenditure incurred on construction of Individual households latrines under the Total Sanitation Campaign (TSC)/ Nirmal Bharat Abhiyan (NBA) during last 3 years and current year State/UT wise is at Annexure-2.

 

The number and percentage of households which have toilet facilities in the country as per Census 2011, State-wise/UT-wise is at Annexure-3.

 

The number and percentage of households in the country, including Maharashtra, who practice open defecation as per Census2011, State/UT-wise is at Annexure-4.

 

Government of India administers the Nirmal Bharat Abhiyan (NBA), a comprehensive programme to ensure sanitation facilities in rural areas with the main objective of eradicating the practice of open defecation and ensuring clean environment. Under NBA, there is provision of incentives for Below Poverty Line households and Identified above Poverty Line households for the construction of Individual household latrines.  Solid and Liquid Waste Management (SLWM) is one of the integral components of NBA and under this component, activities like construction of compost pits, vermin composting, common and individual biogas plants, low cost drainage, soakage channels/ pits, reuse of waste water and system for collection, segregation and disposal of household garbage etc. can be taken up. Solid and Liquid Waste Management (SLWM) projects under NBA can be taken up in each Gram Panchayat (GP) and total assistance is provided on the basis of total number of households in each GP, subject to a maximum of Rs.7 lakh for a GP having up to 150 households, Rs.12 lakh up to 300 households, Rs.15 lakh up to 500 households and Rs.20 lakh for GPs having more than 500 households. Funding for SLWM project under NBA is provided by the Central and State Government in the ratio of 70:30. Any additional cost requirement is to be met with funds from the State/GP.

 

In rural areas, households generally construct Leach pit toilets which do not require drainage connectivity. Existing drainage system in rural areas normally does not carry Black water from toilets. However, information regarding rural households and number and percentage of households without drainage connectivity for Waste water outlet as per Census 2011 State/UT-wise is at Annexure-5.

To improve the sanitation condition in the country, Government of India has designed a paradigm shift in Total Sanitation Campaign (TSC) which is now called the Nirmal Bharat Abhiyan (NBA), in the XIIth Five Year Plan. The objective of NBA is to achieve sustainable behaviour change with provision of sanitary facilities in entire communities in a phased, saturation mode with “Nirmal Grams’ as outcomes. NBA goal is to achieve 100% access to sanitation for all rural households by 2022.

 

      Under NBA, following steps have been taken:

 

·         A shift from motivating individual household toilet construction to covering whole communities in a Gram Panchayat saturation mode for holistic sanitation outcome.

 

  • The scope of providing incentives for individual household latrine units has been widened to cover all APL households, who belong to SCs, STs, small and marginal farmers, landless labourers with homesteads, physically challenged and women headed households along-with all BPL households. Financial incentive for construction of toilets has been raised for all eligible beneficiaries to Rs. 4600/- from the earlier amount of Rs 3200/-.under NBA. In addition, upto Rs. 4500/- can be spent under Mahatma Gandhi National Rural Employment Guarantee Scheme for construction of the toilet. Along-with beneficiary contribution of Rs. 900/-, the total unit cost of toilet is now Rs. 10000/-.(Rs. 10500/- for Hilly and difficult areas)

·         More emphasis has been laid on Information Education Communication (IEC) with  15% of the total outlay of district projects earmarked for IEC activities. With a view to give thrust to a new approach towards IEC, the Ministry has launched a Communication and Advocacy Strategy (2012-2017).

 

·         Conjoint approach with National Rural Drinking Water Programme (NRDWP) to ensure water availability for sanitation in Gram Panchayats. Focussed convergence of rural sanitation with associated Ministries including Health, School Education, Women and Child Development with NBA.

 

 

 

 

Annexure-1

 

No. of Individual households latrines constructed under NBA during last 3 years and current year, State/UT wise ((as reported by the States/UTs on the MIS)

S.N.

State/UT Name

2010-2011

2011-2012

2012-2013

2013-2014 (Upto 30 Nov 2013)

1

ANDHRA PRADESH

1049704

654282

384279

163504

2

ARUNACHAL PRADESH

19799

27781

5760

7409

3

ASSAM

498849

510243

273240

69306

4

BIHAR

717792

839927

796699

125497

5

CHHATTISGARH

236164

82496

52045

28812

6

D & N HAVELI

0

0

0

0

7

GOA

800

0

0

0

8

GUJARAT

515224

321357

171977

80766

9

HARYANA

132137

103913

62949

49867

10

HIMACHAL PRADESH

216571

30066

5183

7218

11

JAMMU & KASHMIR

125228

70626

71900

25439

12

JHARKHAND

296678

53479

48500

36483

13

KARNATAKA

810104

414782

296429

210035

14

KERALA

20241

2188

5674

8523

15

MADHYA PRADESH

1166016

900769

558189

204095

16

MAHARASHTRA

562183

519563

189306

186363

17

MANIPUR

49576

55306

43917

23022

18

MEGHALAYA

65417

51550

14406

5741

19

MIZORAM

1611

17237

4967

4046

20

NAGALAND

18224

46318

22149

19868

21

ORISSA

853303

359171

118318

15454

22

PUDUCHERRY

77

0

0

0

23

PUNJAB

118415

32535

57421

3846

24

RAJASTHAN

750948

730385

252800

131065

25

SIKKIM

0

0

0

2531

26

TAMIL NADU

473647

410794

324216

118149

27

TRIPURA

30392

24761

7035

4997

28

UTTAR PRADESH

2915407

1613384

134873

388859

29

UTTARAKHAND

132913

125051

97815

48962

30

WEST BENGAL

466311

800900

559115

307624

 

Total

12243731

8798864

4559162

2277481

 

 

 

 

Annexure-2

 

Expenditure (Central share) incurred on construction of Individual households latrines under the TSC/NBA during last 3 years and current year State/UT wise (as reported by the States/UTs on the MIS)

Rs. in crore

S.N.

State/UT Name

2010-2011

2011-2012

2012-2013

2013-2014 (Upto 30 Nov 2013)

1

ANDHRA PRADESH

53.64

62.82

58.22

52.19

2

ARUNACHAL PRADESH

3.46

3.38

1.18

3.12

3

ASSAM

59.57

113.58

91.57

32.47

4

BIHAR

103.58

113.35

164.59

43.84

5

CHHATTISGARH

13.72

12.98

9.49

12.20

6

D & N HAVELI

0.00

0.00

0.00

0.00

7

GOA

0.00

0.00

0.00

0.00

8

GUJARAT

21.02

12.21

13.34

15.62

9

HARYANA

6.20

9.83

4.57

7.09

10

HIMACHAL PRADESH

3.93

5.41

3.86

3.80

11

JAMMU & KASHMIR

5.61

14.30

26.28

11.91

12

JHARKHAND

31.51

19.72

12.18

9.95

13

KARNATAKA

55.63

29.89

55.11

56.45

14

KERALA

4.73

4.26

2.69

5.89

15

MADHYA PRADESH

86.68

82.67

155.98

127.25

16

MAHARASHTRA

33.06

42.18

36.23

26.34

17

MANIPUR

3.88

5.73

15.32

8.34

18

MEGHALAYA

8.42

11.46

7.72

4.27

19

MIZORAM

0.41

5.58

0.82

0.59

20

NAGALAND

0.90

8.22

2.93

10.72

21

ORISSA

36.11

32.80

18.31

6.96

22

PUDUCHERRY

0.02

0.00

0.00

0.00

23

PUNJAB

0.35

0.15

3.16

1.06

24

RAJASTHAN

19.26

16.38

41.53

20.72

25

SIKKIM

0.00

0.00

0.00

1.35

26

TAMIL NADU

46.42

75.30

67.91

103.61

27

TRIPURA

2.23

2.32

0.88

2.70

28

UTTAR PRADESH

165.26

94.44

170.89

159.79

29

UTTARAKHAND

9.76

10.67

11.70

8.37

30

WEST BENGAL

39.54

57.66

114.08

58.36

 

Total

814.91

847.31

1090.54

794.95

 

 

 

Annexure-3

 

The number and percentage of  rural households with toilets State/UT-wise as per Census 2011

(as reported by the States on the MIS)

(S.N.

State/UT

Total households

No. of Households with access to  toilet

% Households with access to toilets

1

A & N Islands

59030

36057

61.08

2

Andhra Pradesh

14246309

4968666

34.88

3

Arunachal Pradesh

195723

109107

55.75

4

Assam

5374553

3307554

61.54

5

Bihar

16926958

3150018

18.61

6

Chandigarh

6785

6399

94.31

7

Chhattisgarh

4384112

650844

14.85

8

Dadra & Nagar Haveli

35408

10368

29.28

9

Daman & Diu

12750

8390

65.80

10

Goa

124674

90517

72.60

11

Gujarat

6765403

2316239

34.24

12

Haryana

2966053

1711850

57.71

13

Himachal Pradesh

1310538

883972

67.45

14

Jammu & Kashmir

1497920

624828

41.71

15

Jharkhand

4685965

390153

8.33

16

Karnataka

7864196

2507502

31.89

17

Kerala

4095674

3866571

94.41

18

Lakshadweep

2523

2481

98.34

19

Madhya Pradesh

11122365

1510127

13.58

20

Maharashtra

13016652

5754007

44.20

21

Manipur

335752

294544

87.73

22

Meghalaya

422197

240413

56.94

23

Mizoram

104874

91343

87.10

24

Nagaland

284911

221348

77.69

25

NCT of Delhi

79115

68431

86.50

26

Odisha

8144012

1247860

15.32

27

Puducherry

95133

38448

40.41

28

Punjab

3315632

2383764

71.89

29

Rajasthan

9490363

1910509

20.13

30

Sikkim

92370

78640

85.14

31

Tamil Nadu

9563899

2556501

26.73

32

Tripura

607779

514135

84.59

33

Uttar Pradesh

25475071

5825153

22.87

34

Uttarakhand

1404845

772135

54.96

35

West Bengal

13717186

6680357

48.70

 

INDIA

167826730

54829231

32.67

 

 

 

 

 

Annexure 4

 

The number and percentage of  rural households practicing Open Defecation as per Census 2011, State/UT-wise

S.N.

State/UT

Total households

No. of Households without access to  toilet

% Households practicing open defecation

1

A & N Islands

59030

22973

38.92

2

Andhra Pradesh

14246309

9277643

65.12

3

Arunachal Pradesh

195723

86616

44.25

4

Assam

5374553

2066999

38.46

5

Bihar

16926958

13776940

81.39

6

Chandigarh

6785

386

5.69

7

Chhattisgarh

4384112

3733268

85.15

8

Dadra & Nagar Haveli

35408

25040

70.72

9

Daman & Diu

12750

4360

34.20

10

Goa

124674

34157

27.40

11

Gujarat

6765403

4449164

65.76

12

Haryana

2966053

1254203

42.29

13

Himachal Pradesh

1310538

426566

32.55

14

Jammu & Kashmir

1497920

873092

58.29

15

Jharkhand

4685965

4295812

91.67

16

Karnataka

7864196

5356694

68.11

17

Kerala

4095674

229103

5.59

18

Lakshadweep

2523

42

1.66

19

Madhya Pradesh

11122365

9612238

86.42

20

Maharashtra

13016652

7262645

55.80

21

Manipur

335752

41208

12.27

22

Meghalaya

422197

181784

43.06

23

Mizoram

104874

13531

12.90

24

Nagaland

284911

63563

22.31

25

NCT of Delhi

79115

10684

13.50

26

Odisha

8144012

6896152

84.68

27

Puducherry

95133

56685

59.59

28

Punjab

3315632

931868

28.11

29

Rajasthan

9490363

7579854

79.87

30

Sikkim

92370

13730

14.86

31

Tamil Nadu

9563899

7007398

73.27

32

Tripura

607779

93644

15.41

33

Uttar Pradesh

25475071

19649918

77.13

34

Uttarakhand

1404845

632710

45.04

35

West Bengal

13717186

7036829

51.30

 

INDIA

167826730

112997499

67.33

 

 

 

Annexure 5

 

The number and percentage of rural households without drainage State/UT-wise as per      Census 2011

S.N.

State/UT

Total households

No. of Households without drainage

% Households without drainage

1

A & N Islands

59030

40130

67.98

2

Andhra Pradesh

14246309

8264647

58.01

3

Arunachal Pradesh

195723

152818

78.08

4

Assam

5374553

4634600

86.23

5

Bihar

16926958

10348653

61.14

6

Chandigarh

6785

390

5.75

7

Chhattisgarh

4384112

3879341

88.49

8

Dadra & Nagar Haveli

35408

31310

88.43

9

Daman & Diu

12750

10191

79.93

10

Goa

124674

57123

45.82

11

Gujarat

6765403

5548498

82.01

12

Haryana

2966053

509267

17.17

13

Himachal Pradesh

1310538

503093

38.39

14

Jammu & Kashmir

1497920

963696

64.34

15

Jharkhand

4685965

3921714

83.69

16

Karnataka

7864196

4518789

57.46

17

Kerala

4095674

2488174

60.75

18

Lakshadweep

2523

2037

80.74

19

Madhya Pradesh

11122365

8313832

74.75

20

Maharashtra

13016652

6793227

52.19

21

Manipur

335752

188425

56.12

22

Meghalaya

422197

325587

77.12

23

Mizoram

104874

65431

62.39

24

Nagaland

284911

172300

60.48

25

NCT of Delhi

79115

9749

12.32

26

Odisha

8144012

7175582

88.11

27

Puducherry

95133

60238

63.32

28

Punjab

3315632

630029

19.00

29

Rajasthan

9490363

6924077

72.96

30

Sikkim

92370

57749

62.52

31

Tamil Nadu

9563899

6962668

72.80

32

Tripura

607779

509545

83.84

33

Uttar Pradesh

25475071

9731335

38.20

34

Uttarakhand

1404845

734377

52.27

35

West Bengal

13717186

11617838

84.70

 

INDIA

167826730

106,146,460

63.25

 

YSK