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Government of India
Ministry of Health and Family Welfare
11-February-2014 13:34 IST
Decline In Child Sex Ratio

 

As per the Census, 2011 the child sex ratio (0-6 years) has shown a decline from 927 females per thousand males in 2001 to 919 females per thousand males in 2011. State/UTs-wise details are given in table below:-

 

Child Sex Ratio in India (2001-2011)

S. No.

State/UTs

Child Sex Ratio (0-6)

 

 

2001

2011

 

INDIA

927

919

1

JAMMU & KASHMIR

941

862

2

HIMACHAL PRADESH

896

909

3

PUNJAB

798

846

4

CHANDIGARH

845

880

5

UTTARAKHAND

908

890

6

HARYANA

819

834

7

NCT OF DELHI

868

871

8

RAJASTHAN

909

888

9

UTTAR PRADESH

916

902

10

BIHAR

942

935

11

SIKKIM

963

957

12

ARUNACHAL PRADESH

964

972

13

NAGALAND

964

943

14

MANIPUR

957

936

15

MIZORAM

964

970

16

TRIPURA

966

957

17

MEGHALAYA

973

970

18

ASSAM

965

962

19

WEST BENGAL

960

956

20

JHARKHAND

965

948

21

ODISHA

953

941

22

CHHATTISGARH

975

969

23

MADHYA PRADESH

932

918

24

GUJARAT

883

890

25

DAMAN & DIU

926

904

26

DADRA & NAGAR HAVELI

979

926

27

MAHARASHTRA

913

894

28

ANDHRA PRADESH

961

939

29

KARNATAKA

946

948

30

GOA

938

942

31

LAKSHADWEEP

959

911

32

KERALA

960

964

33

TAMIL NADU

942

943

34

PUDUCHERRY

967

967

35

A & N ISLANDS

957

968

Source: Census of India 2011.

Some of the reasons for neglect of girl child and low child sex ratio are son preference and the belief that it is only the son who can perform the last rites, that lineage and inheritance runs through the male line, sons will look after parents in old age, men are the bread winners etc. Exorbitant dowry demand is another reason for female foeticide/infanticide.  Small family norm coupled with easy availability of sex determination tests may be a catalyst in the declining child sex ratio, further facilitated by easy availability of Pre-conception sex selection facilities.

 

This was stated by Shri Ghulam Nabi Azad, Union Minister for Health and Family Welfare in a written reply to the Rajya Sabha today.

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MV/GM/BK