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Government of India
Ministry of Social Justice & Empowerment
30-April-2015 16:25 IST
Scavenging Free India by 2019

The Prohibition of Employment as Manual Scavengers and their Rehabilitation Act, 2013 (MS Act, 2013), has been enacted by the Parliament to eliminate the twin evils of insanitary latrines and manual scavenging. This Act has come into force in all the States and Union Territories except the State of Jammu & Kashmir with effect from 06.12.2013.  Manual Scavenging is a prohibited activity from this date.

 

 Houselisting and Housing Census, 2011  data released by the Registrar General of India, inter-alia, provided the number of households   by type of latrine facility, including latrines from which night soil is manually removed. On the basis of this data, the concerned State Governments/Union Territory Administrations were requested to undertake the survey of manual scavengers in 3546 Statutory Towns.  A statement showing funds released to States and Union Territories for this purpose is:

 

State/UT was details of funds released for the survey of manual scavengers in Statutory Towns                                  (Rs. In lac)

S.No.

State/UT

Funds released for survey of manual scavengers in urban areas

1

Arunachal Pradesh

2.75

2

Assam

43.31

3

Bihar

74.73

4

Chhattisgarh

34.92

5

Goa

6.12

6

Gujarat

57.57

7

Haryana

37.57

8

Himachal Pradesh

12.79

9

J & K

42.3

10

Jharkhand

25.31

11

Karnataka

58.58

12

Kerala

10.98

13

Madhya Pradesh

80.92

14

Maharashtra

130.76

15

Manipur

8.69

16

Meghalaya

8.05

17

Odisha

33.88

18

Puducherry

6.93

19

Rajasthan

61.2

20

Tamil Nadu

83.68

21

Tripura

13.8

22

Uttar Pradesh

153.13

23

Uttarakhand

25.1

24

West Bengal

34.67

 

Total

1047.74

 

In addition, data on manual scavengers in rural areas is being captured under the ongoing Socio-Economic Caste census (Rural) undertaken by the Ministry of Rural Development. Also, MS Act, 2013 casts a responsibility on the Chief Executive Officers of the Municipalities and Panchayats to cause a survey to be undertaken to identify manual scavengers, if they have reason to believe that some persons are engaged or employed in manual scavenging in their jurisdiction.

 

As per the latest information available on the basis of quarterly progress reports received from States/Union Territories, 12753 manual scavengers have been identified in 13 States, details   of which are given in Annexure-II.

ANNEXURE-II

State wise Statement showing number of Manual Scavengers identified in Urban and Rural  Areas under MS Act, 2013 - Upto 31.03.2015

Sl. No.

State/UT

No. of Manual Scavengers identified in

Urban Areas

Rural Areas

1

Andaman & Nicobar 'Islands

Nil

NA

2

Andhra Pradesh

89

NA

3

Arunachal Pradesh

Nil

NA

4

Assam

NA

NA

5

Bihar

137

NA

6

Chandigarh

Nil

Nil

7

Chhattisgarh

3

Nil

8

Dadara & Nagar Haveli

Nil

Nil

9

Daman & Diu

Nil

NA

10

Goa

Nil

NA

11

Gujarat

Nil

NA

12

Haryana

Nil

NA

13

Himanchal Pradesh

NA

NA

14

Jammu & Kashmir

119

NA

15

Jharkhand

NA

NA

16

Karnataka

302

Nil

17

Kerala

Nil

NA

18

Madhya Pradesh

NA

NA

19

Maharashtra*

139

NA

20

Manipur

Nil

NA

21

Meghalaya

Nil

NA

22

Mizoram

Nil

NA

23

Nagaland

NA

NA

24

NCT of Delhi

Nil

Nil

25

Odisha

386

Nil

26

Puducherry

Nil

NA

27

Punjab

64

NA

28

Rajasthan*

284

NA

29

Sikkim

Nil

NA

30

Tamil Nadu*

979

NA

31

Telangana

Nil

NA

32

Tripura

Nil

NA

33

Uttar Pradesh

2404

7612

34

Uttarakhand

137

NA

35

West Bengal

98

NA

 

Total

5141

7612

 

T.Gotal

12753

NA =

Not Available

* =

Provisional data for urban areas

 

On the basis of proposals received from the State Governments/Union Territory Administrations, 2112 identified manual scavengers have been provided onetime cash assistance of Rs.40000/- each as per details given in Annexure-III. In addition, 97 identified manual scavengers in West Bengal have also been provided Skill Development Training/loans at concessional rates with capital/interest subsidy for undertaking alternative employment. Implementation of the provisions of MS Act, 2013 in the progress.


 

Annexure-III

State/UT wise number of  manual scavengers provided assistance under the revised Self Employment Scheme for Rehabilitation of Manual Scavengers (SRMS)                                       

S.No.

State

No. of Manual Scavengers Assisted for Rehabilitation

1

Andhra Pradesh

45

2

Chhattisgarh

3

3

Karnataka

198

4

Uttar Pradesh

1771

5

West Bengal

97

 

Total

2112

 

This information was given by the Minister of State for Social Justice and Empowerment, Shri Vijay Sampla in a written reply to a question in Rajya Sabha here today.

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