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Government of India
Ministry of Health and Family Welfare
31-July-2015 13:09 IST
Rise in Number of Institutional Child Delivery

The institutional deliveries in the country have increased from 38

The institutional deliveries in the country have increased from 38.7% as per the National Family Health Survey (NFHS-III) in 2005-06 to 46.9% as per District Level Household Survey (DLHS-III) in 2007-08. As per the Coverage Evaluation Survey (CES 2009) conducted by the UNICEF, the institutional delivery is 72.9%.

Institutional delivery rates in rural and urban areas were 28.9% and 67.5% respectively as per NFHS-III in 2005-06 which rose to 37.8% and 70.4% as per DLHS–III in 2007-08. Under CES 2009, the rural and urban institutional delivery was 68% and 85.6% respectively. The survey data is not available year wise but provided as per the period of survey. State /UT wise data is given below:-

State /UT wise data on Institutional Delivery

Institutional Delivery

 

Sl.No.

States/UTs

NFHS - 3 (2005-06)

DLHS - 3 (2007-08)

CES (2009)

 

Total

Rural

Urban

Total

Rural

Urban

Total

Rural

Urban

 

 

All India

38.7

28.9

67.5

46.9

37.8

70.4

72.9

68.0

85.6

 

I.

Major States (Population > 20 million)

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

1

Andhra Pradesh

64.4

55.9

81.5

71.8

65.7

90.9

94.2

94.3

94.0

 

2

Assam

22.4

17.9

58.0

35.1

31.8

66.7

64.4

61.9

81.6

 

3

Bihar

19.9

16.7

44.0

27.5

25.5

54.1

48.3

46.0

67.4

 

4

Chhattisgarh

14.3

6.3

54.5

18.0

13.3

48.3

44.9

40.5

62.6

 

5

Gujarat

52.7

39.2

75.7

56.4

48.0

83.7

78.1

73.1

86.5

 

6

Haryana

35.7

26.7

64.0

46.8

42.1

61.5

63.3

59.5

72.7

 

7

Jharkhand

18.3

10.3

53.3

17.7

13.4

59.4

40.1

30.6

73.3

 

8

Karnataka

64.7

54.8

81.8

65.1

59.7

79.8

86.4

83.3

92.4

 

9

Kerala

99.3

99.0

100.0

99.4

99.2

99.9

99.9

100.0

99.7

 

10

Madhya Pradesh

26.2

17.1

57.2

46.9

40.7

72.1

81.0

77.4

91.3

 

11

Maharashtra

64.6

48.9

83.3

63.5

54.1

87.2

81.8

74.4

92.0

 

12

Odisha

35.6

31.3

63.1

44.1

40.2

74.4

75.5

74.4

81.8

 

13

Punjab

51.3

47.6

57.9

63.1

59.5

72.3

60.3

54.1

72.4

 

14

Rajasthan

29.6

20.8

63.7

45.4

40.6

67.5

70.5

67.5

80.1

 

15

Tamil Nadu

87.8

84.0

92.4

94.0

91.8

97.5

98.4

98.1

98.7

 

16

Telangana

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

17

Uttar Pradesh

20.6

15.8

39.5

24.5

22.0

38.0

62.1

59.9

70.1

 

18

West Bengal

42.0

32.2

79.7

48.9

43.3

80.7

69.5

63.3

85.5

 

II.

Smaller States

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

1

Arunachal Pradesh

28.5

17.6

58.5

47.6

42.3

67.7

69.9

66.6

82.6

 

2

Delhi

58.9

47.0

60.1

68.7

57.0

69.7

83.6

78.1

84.0

 

3

Goa

92.3

91.8

92.6

96.4

97.8

95.1

99.8

100.0

99.7

 

4

Himachal Pradesh

43.0

39.8

75.9

48.3

46.2

71.1

50.3

46.4

86.3

 

5

Jammu & Kashmir

50.2

44.4

74.0

54.9

49.8

85.7

80.9

76.0

95.7

 

6

Manipur

45.9

37.0

69.2

41.0

33.7

73.4

80.0

75.6

92.2

 

7

Meghalaya

29.0

20.1

73.6

24.5

20.7

59.0

63.6

56.4

93.6

 

8

Mizoram

59.8

35.7

87.3

55.7

40.3

85.6

83.0

68.2

97.9

 

9

Nagaland

11.6

6.7

29.2

.-.

.-.

.-.

30.4

24.3

60.0

 

10

Sikkim

47.2

40.4

85.3

49.5

48.5

88.1

68.9

66.8

85.2

 

11

Tripura

46.9

42.9

69.9

46.2

41.5

92.1

82.6

79.7

97.0

 

12

Uttarakhand

32.6

25.1

57.1

30.0

25.1

58.5

53.5

45.0

78.3

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

III.

Union Territories

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

1

Andaman and Nicobar Islands

..

..

..

76.3

72.4

89.8

88.1

86.4

92.1

 

2

Chandigarh

..

..

..

73.6

50.8

77.4

--

--

--

 

3

Dadra and Nagar Haveli

..

..

..

46.0

35.6

88.6

--

--

--

 

4

Daman and Diu

..

..

..

64.0

60.2

71.2

--

--

--

 

5

Lakshadweep

..

..

..

90.3

87.2

94.2

--

--

--

 

6

Puducherry

..

..

..

99.1

97.4

99.6

--

--

--

 

 

Source: NFHS III (2005-06), DLHS -III (2007-08),  and Coverage Evaluation Survey, UNICEF (CES), 2009 - All India Report

 

 

$  The information of Union Territories have been taken from Facts Sheets DLHS III (2007-08)

 

na = not available

 

 

.. NFHS not conducted in Union Territories

.-. Survey was not conducted.

 

 

 

 

 

 

-- The information is respects UTs are Combined in CES

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

The ASHA plays an important role in improving access to institutional deliveries by motivating the pregnant mother and her family for continued contact with the health system and ensuring at-least  four antenatal check-ups at health facility, spreading awareness on the Janani Shishu Suraksha Karyakram (JSSK),  which entitles all pregnant women delivering in public health institutions to absolutely free and no expense delivery, including caesarean section and  also serving as a support during delivery and post partum care as required. ASHA is incentivized for performing these activities under Janani Suraksha Yojana (JSY).

The role of the Auxiliary Nurse Midwives (ANMs) is to conduct regular antenatal visits at the outreach session namely, Village Health and Nutrition Days (VHND) or at the sub-centres, and also to serve as a Skilled Birth Attendant(SBA) in those sub-centres  which are conducting deliveries.

The role of Self Help Groups (SHG) is to get involved in the Village Health, Sanitation and Nutrition Committees, which are expected to support the functions of the ASHA and the ANM, including improving access for women to institutional deliveries.

Under the National Health Mission (NHM), steps taken to increase the institutional delivery rates across the country include the following:-

  • Promotion of institutional deliveries through Janani Suraksha Yojna.
  • Janani Shishu Suraksha Karyakram (JSSK) entitles all pregnant women delivering in public health institutions to absolutely free and no expense delivery including Caesarean section. This initiative also provides for free transport from home to institution, between facilities in case of a referral and drop back home. Similar entitlements have been put in place for all sick newborns and sick infants accessing public health institutions for treatment. 
  • Capacity building of health care providers in basic and comprehensive obstetric care.
  • Operationalization of sub-centres, Primary Health Centres, Community Health Centres and District Hospitals for providing 24x7 basic and comprehensive obstetric care services.
  • Name Based Tracking of Pregnant Women to ensure antenatal, intranatal and postnatal care.
  • Mother and Child Protection Card in collaboration with the Ministry of Women and Child Development to monitor service delivery for mothers and children.
  • Engagement of more than 8.9 lakhs Accredited Social Health Activists (ASHAs) to generate demand and facilitate accessing of health care services by the community.
  • Village Health and Nutrition Days in rural areas as an outreach activity which also serves as a platform to promote institutional delivery.

 

The Health Minister, Shri J P Nadda stated this in a written reply in the Lok Sabha here today.

*****

MV/BK