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Government of India
Ministry of Environment and Forests
05-March-2016 14:13 IST
Environment Ministry releases new categorisation of industries

‘Re-Categorisation of Industries a landmark decision, new category of white industries will not require environmental clearance’: Javadekar

The Government today released a new categorization of industries based on their pollution load

The Government today released a new categorization of industries based on their pollution load.  Releasing the new categorization here today, Minister of State (Independent Charge) of Environment, Forest and Climate Change, Shri Prakash Javadekar, said, “The new category of White industries which is practically non-polluting will not require Environmental Clearance (EC) and Consent and will help in getting finance from lending institutions. The exercise of Re-categorization was being carried out for last one year. This is a landmark decision to give a fair picture of the industries”.

 “Re-categorization of industries based on their pollution load is a scientific exercise. The old system of categorization was creating problems for many industries and was not reflecting the pollution of the industries. The new categories will remove this lacuna and will give clear picture to everyone. 25 industrial sectors which were not critically polluting were also earlier categorized as Red. This was creating wrong impression to everyone”, Shri Javadekar added.

The Ministry of Environment, Forest and Climate Change (MoEFCC) has developed the criteria of categorization of industrial sectors based on the Pollution Index which is a function of the emissions (air pollutants), effluents (water pollutants), hazardous wastes generated and consumption of resources. For this purpose the references are taken from the the Water (Prevention and Control of Pollution ) Cess (Amendment) Act, 2003, Standards  so far prescribed for  various pollutants under Environment (Protection) Act , 1986 and Doon Valley Notification, 1989 issued by MoEFCC. The Pollution Index PI of any industrial sector is a number from 0 to 100 and the increasing value of PI denotes the increasing degree of pollution load from the industrial sector. Based on the series of brain storming sessions among CPCB, SPCBs and MoEFCC , the following criteria on  ‘Range of Pollution Index ‘for the purpose of categorization of  industrial sectors is finalized.   

 

o       Industrial Sectors having Pollution Index score of 60 and above -  Red category

o        Industrial Sectors having Pollution Index score of  41 to 59      –  Orange category

o       Industrial Sectors having Pollution Index score of  21 to 40       –  Green category

o       Industrial Sectors having Pollution Index score incl.&upto 20    -  White category

 

The salient features of the ‘Re-categorization’ exercise are as follows:

Ø      Due importance has been given to relative pollution potential of the industrial sectors based on scientific criteria. Further, wherever possible, splitting of the industrial sectors is also considered based on the use of raw materials, manufacturing process adopted and in-turn pollutants expected to be generated.

Ø      The Red category of industrial sectors would be 60.

Ø      The Orange category of industrial sectors would be 83.

Ø      The Green category of industrial sectors would be 63.

Ø      Newly-introduced White category contains 36 industrial sectors which are practically non-polluting.

Ø      There shall be no necessity of obtaining the Consent to Operate’’ for White category of industries. An intimation to concerned SPCB / PCC shall suffice.

Ø      No Red category of industries shall normally be permitted in the ecologically fragile area / protected area.

The details of the industries falling under Red, Orange , Green and White categories are presented in tables 1, 2, 3 & 4 respectively (given below).

The newly introduced White category of industries pertains to those industrial sectors which are practically non-polluting, such as Biscuit trays etc. from rolled PVC sheet (using automatic vacuum forming machines), Cotton and woolen hosiers making (Dry process only without any dying/washing operation), Electric lamp (bulb) and CFL manufacturing by assembling only, Scientific and mathematical instrument manufacturing, Solar power generation through photovoltaic cell, wind power and mini hydel power (less than 25 MW).

The purpose of the categorization is to ensure that the industry is established in a manner which is consistent with the environmental objectives. The new criteria will prompt industrial sectors willing to adopt cleaner technologies, ultimately resulting in generation of fewer pollutants. Another feature of the new categorization system lies in facilitating self-assessment by industries as the subjectivity of earlier assessment has been eliminated. This ‘Re-categorization’ is a part of the efforts, policies and objective of present government to create a clean & transparent working environment in the country and promote the Ease of Doing Business.

Other similar efforts include installation of Continuous Online Emissions/ Effluent Monitoring Systems in the polluting industries,   Revisiting the CEPI (Comprehensive Environment Pollution Index) concept for assessment of polluted industrial clusters, revision of existing industrial emission/effluent discharge standards, initiation of special drive on pollution control activities in Ganga River basin and many more in the coming days.


 

Annexure

Table 1 : List of Red Category of Industries 

Sl No.

Industry Sector

Sl No.

Industry Sector

1

Isolated storage of hazardous chemicals

39

Yarn / Textile processing

2

Automobile Manufacturing (integrated)

40

Chlor Alkali

3

Hazardous waste recycling  (Spent cleared metal catalyst )

41

Ship Breaking

4

Lubricating oils  and grease mfg. 

42

Oil and gas extraction

5

DG Set  (> 5 MVA)

43

Metal surface treatment

6

Carbon black & allied

44

Tanneries

7

Lead acid battery

45

Ports /harbor/jetties

8

Phosphate rock processing

46

Synthetic fibers

9

Power generation plant

47

Thermal Power Plants

10

Hazardous Waste Recyclers (Spent catalyst)         

48

Slaughter house

11

Chlorinated hydrocarbons

49

Aluminium Smelter

12

Sugar

50

Copper Smelter

13

Fibre glass production

51

Fertilizer (basic)

14

Fire crackers

52

Integrated Iron & Steel

15

E-Waste Recyclers

53

Pulp & Paper ( bleaching)

15

Milk and dairy products

54

Zinc Smelter

17

Phosphorous

55

Oil Refinery

18

Pulp & Paper 

56

Petrochemicals 

19

Coke making

57

Pharmaceuticals

20

Explosives / detonators

58

Pulp & Paper ( Large-Agro + wood),

21

Paints varnishes, pigments

59

Distillery

22

Organic Chemicals

60

Railway locomotive work shop/  service centers

23

Airports and Commercial Air Strips

 

24

Asbestos

25

Basic chemicals

26

Cement

27

Chlorates, per-chlorates & peroxides

28

Chlorine, fluorine, bromine, iodine

29

Dyes and Dye- Intermediates

30

Health-care Establishment

31

Hotels (Big) 

32

Lead acid battery -recyclers

33

Waste electrical and electronic recyclers

34

Glue and gelatin

35

Mining and ore beneficiation

36

Nuclear power plant

37

Pesticides 

38

Photographic film /chemicals

 

Table 2 : LIst of Orange  Category of Industries 

Sl. No.

Industry Sector

Sl. No.

Industry Sector

1

Almirah, Grill Manufacturing

43

Large Cotton spinning and weaving

2

Aluminium & copper extraction from scrap

44

Lime manufacturing (using lime kiln)

3

Automobile servicing, repairing

45

Liquid floor cleaner, black phenyl

4

Ayurvedic and homeopathic medicine

46

Manufacturing of glass

5

Brickfields

47

Manufacturing of mirror from sheet glass

6

Building and construction  >20,000 sq. m

48

Manufacturing of mosquito repellent coil

7

Cashew nut processing

49

Manufacturing of Starch/Sago

8

Ceramics and Refractories

50

Mechanized laundry using oil fired boiler

9

Chanachur and ladoo using husk fired oven

51

Medium scale Hotels

10

Coal washeries

52

Modular wooden furniture

11

Coated electrode

53

New highway construction project

12

Coffee seed processing

54

Non-alcoholic beverages(soft drink)

13

Compact disc computer floppy

55

Paint blending and mixing (Ball mill)

14

Copper waste recyclers                      

56

Paints and varnishes (mixing and blending)

15

Dairy and dairy products ( small scale)

57

Parboiled Rice Mills

16

DG set ( >1MVA but < 5MVA)

58

Pharmaceutical formulation

17

Dismantling of rolling stocks

59

Ply-board manufacturing

18

Dry cell battery

60

Potable alcohol ( IMFL) by blending

19

Dry coal / mineral processing

61

Printing ink manufacturing

20

Fermentation (Extra Neutral Alcohol)

62

Printing or etching of glass sheet

21

Ferrous and Non- ferrous metal extraction

63

Printing press

22

Fertilizer (granulation / formulation / blending

64

Producer gas plant

23

Fish feed, poultry feed and cattle feed

65

Recyclers - used oils

24

Fish processing and packing

66

REcyclers - waste oils

25

Flakes from rejected PET bottle

67

Recycling  - Paint and ink Sludge

26

Foam manufacturing

68

Reprocessing of waste plastic /PVC

27

Food and food processing

69

Rolling mill (oil or coal fired)

28

Forging of ferrous and non- ferrous

70

Silica gel

29

Formulation/pelletization of camphor tablets etc.

71

Silk /saree screen printing

30

Glass ceramics, earthen potteries and tile

72

Spray painting

31

Gravure printing, digital printing on flex, v

73

Steel and steel products with furnaces

32

Heat treatment using oil fired furnace

74

Stone crushers

33

Hot mix plants

75

Surgical and medical products (latex)

34

Ice cream

76

Synthetic detergents and soaps

35

Industry or processes involving foundry operations

77

Synthetic resins

36

Iodized salt from crude/ raw salt

78

Synthetic rubber excluding molding

37

Jute processing without dyeing

79

Tephlon based products

38

large Bakery and confectionery

80

Thermocol manufacturing ( with boiler)

39

Transformer repairing/ manufacturing

81

Thermometer

40

Tyres and tubes vulcanization/ hot retread

82

Tobacco products including cigarettes

41

Vegetable oil manufacturing

83

Tooth powder, toothpaste, talcum powder

42

Wire drawing and wire netting

 

 

 

 

Table 3 : List of Green category of Industries

 

Sl. No.

Industry Sector

Sl. No.

Industry Sector

1

Aluminium utensils

36

Ready mix cement concrete

2

Ayurvedic medicines

37

Reprocessing of waste cotton

3

Small Bakery /confectionery

38

Rice mill (Rice hullers only)

4

PP film

39

Rolling mill ( gas fired) and cold rolling mill

5

Biomass briquettes

40

Rubber goods (gas operated baby boiler)

6

Melamine resins

41

Saw mills

7

Brass and bell metal utensils

42

Soap manufacturing

8

Candy

43

Spice Blending

9

Cardboard / corrugated box

44

Spice grinding

10

Carpentry & wooden furniture

45

Steel furniture

11

Cement products

46

Grains processing

12

Ceramic colour by mixing

47

Tyres /tube retreating

13

Chilling plant and ice making

48

Chilling /ice plant

14

Coke briquetting

49

CO2 recovery

15

Small Cotton spinning and weaving

50

Distilled water 

16

Dal Mills

51

Small Hotels

17

Decoration of ceramic cups

52

Optical lenses

18

Digital printing on PVC clothes

53

Mineralized water

19

Handling, storage of food grains

54

Tamarind powder

20

Flour mills

55

Marble stone

21

Electrical Glass , ceramic, earthen potteries

56

Emery powder

22

Glue from starch

57

Flyash export

23

Gold and silver smithy

58

Mineral stack yard

24

Non-polluting Heat treatment

59

Oil and gas transportation pipeline

25

Insulation /coated papers

60

Seasoning of wood

26

Leather foot wear /products

61

Synthetic detergent

27

Blending of Lubricating oil, greases

62

Tea processing

28

Pasted veneers

63

Pulverization of bamboo

29

Oil mill Ghani 

 

30

Packing materials

31

Phenyl/toilet cleaner 

32

Polythene and plastic products

33

Poultry, Hatchery and Piggery

34

Power looms (without dye and bleaching)

35

Puffed rice (muri) (gas or electrical heating)

 

 

Table 4 : List of White category of Industries

 

Sl. No.

Industry Sector

1.        

Air coolers /conditioners

2.        

Bicycles ,baby carriages

3.        

Bailing of waste papers

4.        

Bio fertilizer /bio-pesticides

5.        

Biscuits trays

6.        

Blending / packing of tea

7.        

Block making of printing

8.        

Chalk making

9.        

Compressed oxygen gas

10.     

Cotton and woolen hosiers

11.     

Diesel pump repairing

12.     

Electric lamp ( bulb) and CFL

13.     

Electrical and electronic item

14.     

Engineering and fabrication units

15.     

Flavoured betel nuts

16.     

Fly ash bricks/ block

17.     

Fountain pen

18.     

Glass ampules

19.     

Glass putty and sealant

20.     

Ground nut decorticating

21.     

Handloom/ carpet weaving

22.     

Leather cutting and stitching

23.     

Coir items from coconut husks

24.     

Metal caps containers etc

25.     

Shoe brush and wire brush

26.     

Medical oxygen

27.     

Organic and inorganic nutrients

28.     

Organic manure

29.     

Packing of powdered milk

30.     

Paper pins and u clips

31.     

Repairing of electric motors /generators

32.     

Rope (plastic and cotton)

33.     

Scientific and mathematical instrument

34.     

Solar module non-conventional energy apparatus

35.     

Solar power generation through solar photovoltaic cell, wind power and mini hydel power (less than 25 MW)

36.     

Surgical and medical products assembling

 

***

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