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Press Information Bureau
Government of India
Ministry of Water Resources
08-March-2018 15:05 IST
Inter-Linking of Rivers

The National Perspective Plan (NPP) was prepared by the then Ministry of Irrigation in August 1980 for transferring water from water surplus basins to water-deficit basins. Under the NPP, the National Water Development Agency (NWDA) identified 30 links (16 under Peninsular Component & 14 under Himalayan Component) for preparation of Feasibility Reports (FRs). The Pre-Feasibility Reports (PFRs) of all 30 links have been prepared and circulated to the concerned State Governments. After survey and investigations, FRs of 14 links under Peninsular Component and FRs of 2 links and draft FRs of 7 links (Indian portion) under Himalayan Component have been completed. Present status, States concerned, and benefits are given in Annexure. The Inter-Linking of River (ILR) programme has been taken up on high priority.

 

Four priority links under Peninsular Rivers Component have been identified for preparation of Detailed Project Report (DPR) viz; Ken-Betwa link project (KBLP) Phase –I & II, Damanganga-Pinjal link project, Par-Tapi-Narmada link project and Mahanadi Godavari link project. The preparation of DPR of a project is taken up after consent of concerned State Governments. DPRs of KBLP Phase-I & Phase-II, Damanganga-Pinjal link project and Par-Tapi-Narmada link project have been completed. The techno-economic clearance and various statutory clearances of the KBLP Phase-I have been accorded. Based on the request of Government of M.P., the DPRs of projects included under KBLP Phase-II viz., Lower Orr dam, Bina complex projects and Kotha barrage have been completed by NWDA/ Government of M.P. and submitted for techno-economical appraisal in Central Water Commission (CWC).

 

The techno-economic clearance of the Damanganga-Pinjal link project has been accorded subject to statutory clearances. The DPR of Par-Tapi-Narmada link project has been submitted for technical appraisal in CWC. The DPR of the Mahanadi – Godavari link could not be taken up as the Government of Odisha was not agreeable for Mahanadi – Godavari link, a mother link of 9 link system viz., Mahanadi – Godavari – Krishna – Pennar – Palar – Cauvery – Vaigai – Gundar linkage due to large submergence involved in Manibhadra Dam. Based on the suggestions of Govt. of Odisha, NWDA has prepared a preliminary revised proposal of Mahanadi- Godavari Link Project with reduced submergence and submitted to the Govt. of Odisha.

 

The estimated cost of these four projects for which DPRs have been completed is furnished below:

Sl. No

Name of the Project

Estimated Cost (Rs. in crore)

at 2015-16 price level

1.

Ken-Betwa Link Project(Phase-I)

18057

2.

Ken-Betwa Link Project(Phase-II)

8594

3.

Damanganga-Pinjal Link Project

3008

4.

Par-Tapi-Narmada Link Project

10211

 

            At the time of preparation of DPR of the individual river link projects, detailed Environmental Impact Assessment (EIA) studies as per Terms of Reference approved by Environmental Appraisal Committee (EAC) of Ministry of Environment and Forests & Climate Change are carried out. EIA study includes impacts on land environment, water resources and its quality, terrestrial ecology (flora, fauna, vegetation cover, wildlife), aquatic ecology (riverine ecology, fisheries), pollution due to noise during construction phase, impact on air quality, impact due to command area development, impacts on local services (like water supply, education, health care, community forests, impacts on business opportunities). All environmental impacts and issues arising out of the EIA studies are duly addressed in Environmental Management Plan which forms a part of DPR.

 

The impacts of individual ILR project on the human lives, environment, landmass, etc., are suitably addressed in the Environment Impact and Socio-economic impact Assessment studies which is part of the preparation of DPR.

 

ANNEXURE

 

Present status of Inter Basin Water Transfer Links, the States involved, name of rivers, proposed benefits and status of Feasibility Reports/Detailed Project Report

 

Sl. No

Name

States concerned

States benefited

Annual Irrigation (Lakh ha)

Domestic and Industrial supply  (MCM)

Hydropower

(MW)

Present status

Peninsular  Component

 

 

 

 

 

 

1

Mahanadi (Manibhadra) - Godavari (Dowlaiswaram) link

Odisha, Maharashtra,  AP, Karnataka,  Chattisgarh& Telangana

Andhra Pradesh& Odisha

0.91+3.52 = 4.43

802

445

FR completed

2

Godavari (Inchampalli) - Krishna (Pulichintala) link

-do-

Telangana and Andhra Pradesh

1.09+5.04=

6.13

413

--

FR completed

3

Godavari (Inchampalli) - Krishna (Nagarjunasagar) link

Odisha, Maharashtra, Madhya Pradesh, AP, Karnataka, Chattisgarh &

Telangana

Telangana

2.87

237

975

FR completed

4

Godavari (Polavaram) - Krishna (Vijayawada) link

Odisha, Maharashtra,  AP, Karnataka,  Chattisgarh&

Telangana

Andhra Pradesh

5.82

162

--

FR completed

5

Krishna (Almatti) – Pennar link

Maharashtra, Karnataka, Telangana&

AP

Andhra Pradesh& Karnataka

1.90+0.68 = 2.58

56

--

FR completed

6

Krishna (Srisailam) – Pennar link

-do-

--

--

--

17

FR completed

7

Krishna (Nagarjunasagar) - Pennar (Somasila ) link

Maharashtra,  AP& Karnataka

Andhra Pradesh

5.81

124

90

FR completed

8

Pennar (Somasila) - Cauvery (Grand Anicut) link

AP, Karnataka, Tamil Nadu, Kerala & Puducherry

AP, Tamil Nadu & Puducherry

0.49+4.36 + 0.06 = 4.91

1105

--

FR completed

Sl. No

Name

States concerned

States benefited

Annual Irrigation (Lakh ha)

Domestic and Industrial supply  (MCM)

Hydropower

(MW)

Present status

9

 Cauvery (Kattalai) - Vaigai -Gundar link

Karnataka, Tamil Nadu, Kerala & Puducherry

Tamil Nadu

3.38

185

--

FR completed

 

10

Ken-Betwa link

a)  Ken-Betwa Link Phase-I

 

 

b) Ken-Betwa link  Phase-II

Uttar Pradesh  & Madhya Pradesh

 

 

 

          - do-

Uttar Pradesh  &Madhya Pradesh

 

Madhya Pradesh

2.66 + 3.69 =6.35

 

 

 

     0.99

49

 

 

 

 

6

78

 

 

 

 

-

FR&DPR

(Ph-I&II) completed

11

Parbati -Kalisindh- - Chambal link

Madhya Pradesh, Rajasthan & Uttar Pradesh (UP  requested to be consulted during consensus building )

Madhya Pradesh& Rajasthan

*Alt.I: 2.05+ 0.25 =2.30 (Alt.II: 1.77+ 0.43 = 2.20)

13.2

--

FR completed

12

Par-Tapi-Narmada link

Maharashtra & Gujarat

Gujarat& Maharashtra

2.32

76

22

FR&DPR completed

13

Damanganga- Pinjal link

(As per DPR )

-do-

Maharashtra (only water

supply to Mumbai)

--

 

 

895

(including 316 MCM from Pinjal dam proposed by GoM)

--

FR&DPR completed

14

Bedti- Varda link

Maharashtra,  Andhra Pradesh & Karnataka

Karnataka

0.60

--

4

PFR completed

15

Netravati– Hemavati link

Karnataka, Tamil Nadu &  Kerala

Karnataka

0.34

--

--

PFR completed.

16

Pamba- Achankovil- Vaippar link

 

 

 

 

 

 

Kerala & Tamil Nadu,

Kerala& Tamil Nadu

0.91

--

508

FR completed

Himalayan Component

Sl. No

Name

States concerned

States benefited

Annual Irrigation (Lakh ha)

Domestic and Industrial supply  (MCM)

Hydropower

(MW)

Present status

1.

Manas-Sankosh-Tista-Ganga (M-S-T-G) link

Assam, West Bengal,  Bihar& Bhutan

Assam, West Bengal & Bihar

2.08 + 1.82 + 2.64 = 6.54

--

5287

PFR completed

2.

Kosi-Ghaghra link

Bihar , Uttar Pradesh &Nepal

Bihar& Uttar Pradesh

8.17+ 0.67 + 1.74 (Nepal) = 10.58

48

--

PFR completed

 

 

3.

Gandak-Ganga link

-do-

Uttar Pradesh

37.99+2.41 (Nepal) = 40.40

700

--

Draft FR completed (Indian portion)

4.

Ghaghra-Yamuna link

-do-

Uttar Pradesh

25.30 + 1.35 (Nepal) =26.65

1391

10884

FR completed (Indian portion)

5.

Sarda-Yamuna link

Bihar, UP, Haryana, Rajasthan, Uttarakhand & Nepal

Uttar Pradesh & Uttarakhand

 3.45 + 0.30 = 3.75

6250

3600

FR completed (Indian portion)

6.

Yamuna-Rajasthan link

UP, Gujarat, Haryana & Rajasthan

Haryana & Rajasthan

0.435 + 2.442 = 2.877

57

--

Draft FR completed

7.

Rajasthan-Sabarmati link

-do-

Rajasthan & Gujarat

5.35 + 2.04= 7.39

282

--

Draft FR completed

8.

Chunar-Sone Barrage link

Bihar& UP

Bihar& Uttar Pradesh

0.30 + 0.37= 0.67

--

--

Draft FR completed

9.

Sone Dam – Southern Tributaries of Ganga link

Bihar & Jharkhand

Bihar & Jharkhand

2.99 + 0.08=3.07

360

95

PFR completed

10.

Ganga(Farakka)-Damodar-Subernarekha link

West Bengal, Odisha & Jharkhand

West Bengal, Odisha & Jharkhand

7.63 + 0.30 + 0.55 = 8.47

484

-

Draft FR completed

11.

Subernarekha-Mahanadi link

West Bengal& Odisha

West Bengal& Odisha

0.18 + 0.365 = 0.545

--

9

Draft FR completed

12.

 

Kosi-Mechi link

Bihar, West Bengal & Nepal

Bihar

2.99 + 1.75 (Nepal) = 4.74

24

3180

PFR completed

(Entirely lies in Nepal)

 

13.

Farakka-Sunderbans link

West Bengal

West Bengal

1.50

184

--

Draft FR completed

14.

Jogighopa-Tista-Farakka link (Alternative to M-S-T-G)

-do-

Assam, West Bengal  &Bihar

----

216

1115

Alternate to M-S-T-G link dropped.

 

· PFR- Pre  Feasibility Report

· FR- Feasibility Report

· DPR- Detailed Project Report

 

 This information was given by Union Minister of State for Water Resources, River Development and Ganga Rejuvenation Shri Arjun Ram Meghwal in a written reply in Lok Sabha today.

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SKP/IA