The website of Bharat Sanchar
Nigam Limited (www.bsnl.co.in) was hacked on 4th December, 2011 by
the ‘H4tr!ck’ hacker group. In addition, during the
period December, 2011 to February, 2012 a total no. of
112 Government websites were hacked. These hacked websites belonged to the
agencies in the Government of Andhra Pradesh, Madhya Pradesh, Rajasthan, Tamil
Nadu, Maharashtra, Gujarat, Kerala, Orissa, Uttar Pradesh, Sikkim, Manipur: Agencies of
Ministry of Finance, Health, Planning Commission and Human Resource
According to Reserve Bank of
India (RBI) the numbers of internet frauds involving Rs 1 lakh
and above have declined over the last three years from 269 cases in the
calendar year 2009 to 125 cases in the calendar year 2011. However, after
taking into account the internet frauds wherein the amount involved in individual
cases is less than Rs. 1.00 lakh, the total number of
internet frauds were 864 numbers involving Rs. 824.05 lakh,
2232 cases involving Rs 1234.94 lakh and 1798 cases
involving Rs.787.39 lakh for the calendar year 2009,
2010 and 2011 respectively. The state wise and year wise data is available only
in respect of those internet fraud cases where amount involved in individual
case is Rs. 1.00 lakh or more.
Central Bureau of Investigation
has also registered cases pertaining to Financial
frauds under the provisions of Information Technology Act, 2000 along with
other acts. These are:
No. of cases
Government has taken several steps for prevention of Cyber attacks and
financial frauds through internet and mobile phones in the country. These are:
Framework in the form of Information Technology Act, 2000. The Act provides
legal framework to address the issues connected with phishing, hacking and
security breaches of information technology infrastructure.
Bank of India (RBI) has issued a circular to all commercial banks on phishing
attacks and minimum set of preventive /detective measures to tackle phishing
Bank of India (RBI) has advised banks to leverage technology to support
business processes and implement all stipulations outlined by RBI from time to
time. Banks are also advised to ensure
implementation of basic organizational frame work and put in place, policy and
procedure to prevent financial frauds through Internet. These guidelines are
expected to enhance safety, security, efficiency in banking processes leading
to benefits for the bank and the customers.
Bank of India (RBI) had issued circular dated 1st July, 2011 on
credit card operations by banks. The
banks have been advised to set up internal control system to combat frauds and
to take pro-active fraud control and enforcement measures. The banks are required to fulfill ‘Know Your
Customer (KYC)’ requirements.
Indian Computer Emergency Response Team (CERT-In)
issues alerts and advisories regarding latest cyber threats and countermeasures
on regular basis.
vi. CERT-In is
providing incident response service for handling of phishing attacks affecting
the banks in the country.
This information was given in
Lok Sabha today by Shri Sachin Pilot, the Minister
of State, Communication
and Information Technology in response to a question.