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Government of India
Ministry of Health and Family Welfare
24-August-2012 13:13 IST
HIV/AIDS Cases
Based on HIV Estimations 2010, the number of new annual HIV infections has declined by around 56% during the last decade

 

Based on HIV Estimations 2010, the number of new annual HIV infections has declined by around 56% during the last decade. It is estimated that India had approximately 1.2 lakh new infections in 2009, as against 2.7 lakh in 2000. Similar reduction in HIV incidence has been noted in all the high prevalence States in the Southern and North-Eastern region. However, some low prevalence States have shown a slight increase in the number of new infections over the past two years. Of the 1.2 lakh estimated new infections in 2009, the six high prevalence States account for only 39% of the cases, while the States of Odisha, Bihar, West Bengal, Uttar Pradesh, Rajasthan, Madhya Pradesh and Gujarat account for 41% of new infections.

 

In regard to number of reported HIV/AIDS cases registered in ART centres for HIV care, during the year 2010 – 11, 320114 HIV/AIDS cases were registered against 246627 in 2009-10. However, during 2011-12, the same number has been decreased to 275377 cases.

 

A statement indicating number of new HIV/AIDS cases registered in ART centres during last three years and the current year, year-wise and State-wise is Annexed.

The performance of NACP - III has been assessed through the HIV estimates derived using globally comparable methods, periodical Joint Implementation Reviews involving development partners and the Government, and independent Impact Assessment studies.

 

            The mid-term review of NACP-III and subsequent Joint Implementation Review Missions reported that most of the targets have been achieved and even surpassed. Impressive gains have been made in Anti Retroviral Therapy services, upscaling of Integrated Counseling & Testing Centres and identifying People Living with HIV/AIDS. There has been a significant scale-up of Targeted Interventions and Condom distribution has increased.

 

          An independent Impact Assessment Study undertaken by a consortium of three public health institutes in India: PGIMER, Chandigarh; National AIDS Research Institute, Pune; and National Institute of Cholera and Enteric Diseases, Kolkata reported, in November 2009, that the HIV epidemic had remained contained, and was declining in the country. Also there was significant decline in HIV prevalence among female sex workers and young women (15-24 years) seeking antenatal care in the high-prevalence southern states. Another study showed the cost-effectiveness of targeted HIV-prevention interventions for female sex workers.

NACP-IV seeks to consolidate the gains of NACP-III and learn from the lessons of the previous phases of programme implementation. It aspires to further strengthen and decentralize the programme to state and district levels.  NACP-IV remains a prevention-oriented plan with adequate coverage of HIV care in the context of the concentrated epidemic situation in India. 

 

Taking into account the successful implementation of NACP III and outcome of wider consultation, the salient features of NACP IV are:

 

·         Preventing new infections by sustaining the reach of current interventions and effectively addressing emerging epidemics

·         Preventing Parent-to-child transmission

·         Focusing on IEC strategies for behaviour change in HRG, awareness among general population and demand-generation for HIV services

·         Providing comprehensive care, support and treatment to eligible PLHIV

·         Reducing stigma and discrimination through Greater involvement of PLHIV (GIPA)

·         Ensuring effective use of strategic information at all levels of programme

·         Integrating HIV services with the health system in a phased manner

·         Mainstreaming HIV/AIDS activities with all key central- and state-level Ministries/departments and leveraging resources of the respective departments.

NACP IV in its entirety will be finalized after the allocation in XII Five Year Plan is made available to the department.

This information was given in written reply by the Minister of State for Health & Family Welfare Shri S. Gandhiselvan in Lok Sabha today.

 

BN/ls

Annexure

State/UT-wise details of new AIDS/HIV cases registered in the country

Sl. No.

Name of the state

2009-10

2010-11

2011-12

2012-13*

1

Andhra Pradesh

69155

76650

61121

9363

2

Arunachal Pradesh

20

14

11

3

3

Assam

882

1062

1047

307

4

Bihar

5699

8497

9129

1886

5

Chandigarh

799

1011

1264

245

6

Chhatisgarh

1644

2340

2060

899

7

Delhi

8228

3559

5359

1656

8

Goa

779

681

608

102

9

Gujarat

14728

18201

16072

2218

10

Haryana

1608

2033

1896

646

11

Himachal Pradesh

990

1390

923

203

12

Jammu & Kashmir

568

436

495

90

13

Jharkhand

1515

2862

1997

488

14

Karnataka

38276

50737

42043

7400

15

Kerala

2551

2539

1958

509

16

Madhya Pradesh

3803

5082

5127

822

17

Maharashtra

36791

61445

49644

13107

18

Manipur

2013

2663

1996

373

19

Meghalaya

109

215

279

30

20

Mizoram

840

1071

1548

216

21

Nagaland

1400

1682

1521

440

22

Orissa

1343

3628

4218

641

23

Pondicherry

227

246

250

39

24

Punjab

4488

5715

5024

887

25

Rajasthan

5983

7401

9463

1387

26

Sikkim

31

36

24

9

27

Tamil Nadu

25812

38182

24837

3532

28

Tripura

158

175

202

30

29

Uttar Pradesh

9834

11874

17185

3238

30

Uttaranchal

446

859

692

147

31

West Bengal

5907

7828

7384

656

 

Total

246627

320114

275377

51569

                                                                                                (*As on 31st May 2012)