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Press Information Bureau
Government of India
Ministry of Health and Family Welfare
24-August-2012 13:17 IST
Approval of New Drugs

 

            New drugs are approved as per the guidelines and requirements specified in Rule 122A, 122B, 122D and Schedule Y of the Drugs and Cosmetics Rules, 1945. As per the Schedule Y, for new drug approved outside India, phase III clinical trials need to be carried out primarily to generate evidence of efficacy and safety of the drugs in Indian patients when used as recommended in the prescribing information. However, as per Rule 122 A (2) and Rule 122 B (3), the requirement of such local clinical trial may not be necessary if the drug is of such a nature that the Licensing Authority may, in public interest, decide to grant permission to import / manufacture the new drug on the basis of data available from other countries. Further, as per clause 1(3) of Schedule Y, for drugs indicated in life threatening / serious diseases or diseases of special relevance to the Indian health scenario, clinical data requirements may be abbreviated, deferred or omitted, as deemed appropriate by the Licensing Authority.

 

For grant of permission to import / manufacture of the Fixed Dose Combinations (FDC), the requirements are prescribed under Appendix-VI of Schedule-Y. As per these requirements, clinical trial on Indian patients is required in certain category of FDCs. 

 

           The number of new drug molecules of Non-Biologicals and  Biologicals approved by CDSCO and the number out of them, which  underwent  clinical trials in the country are as under:

 

Year

Number of drugs approved

Number of drugs approved with clinical trial

2009

72

60

2010

65

52

2011

41

38

2012   (upto July)

14

 

9

 

New drug applications are examined in consultation with twelve New Drug Advisory Committees (NDACs) consisting of experts / specialists from various reputed institutions and  medical colleges across the country.

            The Department-Related  Parliamentary  Standing  Committee  on Health and Family Welfare has made certain observation regarding the approval of new drugs without clinical trials on Indian subjects.  An Action-Taken-Report would be submitted to the Committee.

            The above information was given by the Union Minister for Health & Family Welfare Shri Ghulam Nabi Azad   in a written reply  in the Lok  Sabha today.

 

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