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Government of India
Ministry of Human Resource Development
31-August-2012 17:07 IST
Education in Backward Regions and for Poor Children

The Right of Children to Free and Compulsory Education (RTE) Act, 2009 has become operative with effect from 01.04.2010. The Act provides that every child in 6 –14 age group shall have the right to free and compulsory education. It has provision to provide at least 25% reservation in admission specifically from poor children in private, aided and unaided schools from the neighbourhood.

The scheme for setting up of 6,000 model schools at block level, at the rate of one school per block as benchmark of excellence was launched in November, 2008. Of this, 3500 schools will be in Educationally Backward Blocks (EBBs) through State/UT Governments. Till date, 1954 model schools have been approved in as many EBBs of 22 States and funds amounting to Rs.1850.23 crore have been released for setting up of 1,603 model schools in 21 States. Further, 438 model schools have also become functional in 07 States and an amount of Rs.29.46 crore has been released for running these schools.

The Centrally Sponsored “Scheme for Construction and Running of Girls’ Hostel for Students of Secondary and Higher Secondary Schools” is being implemented from 2009-10. The Scheme envisages construction of one hostel with the capacity of 100 girls in each of the 3479 Educationally Backward Blocks (EBBs) of the country. The main objective of the scheme is to improve access to and retain the girl child in secondary and higher secondary classes (IX-XII) so that the girl students are not denied the opportunity to continue their study due to distance to school, parents’ financial affordability and other connected societal factors.

A Scheme to provide central assistance for setting up of a model degree college in each of the identified 374 Educationally Backward Districts where Gross Enrolment Ratio (GER) for higher education is less than the national GER, is also under implementation. Under the Scheme the Central Government provides assistance to the extent of one third of the capital cost for establishment of each college, limited to Rs.2.67 crore. For Special Category States, the Central share shall be 50% of the capital cost limited to Rs.4 crore for each college.

The Government has also initiated a scheme of Sub-Mission on Polytechnics under coordinated action for Skill Development under which, Government of India

provides financial assistance to the State/ UT Governments, limited to Rs.12.30 crores per polytechnic to meet the costs of establishing a Polytechnic in 300 Districts identified as per following criteria in order of preference:-

(i) the un-served Districts i.e. Districts which do not have any Government Polytechnic

(ii) and also in underserved districts i.e. Districts in which the availability of diploma seats per lakh population is less than 10 seats per lakh of population.

This information was given by Shri Kapil Sibal, Union Minister for Human Resource in a written reply to a question in the Rajya Sabha today.

MV/ VSB/GK