Plant protection forms an integral part of crop
production. It involves intelligent ways of quarantining of plants, a thorough
regulation of pesticides, minimizing pest attacks and locust attacks and
training and capacity building in plant protection.
Management (IPM) is an eco-friendly approach which aims at keeping pests below
economic threshold level (ETL) by
employing all available pest control methods and techniques such as cultural,
mechanical and biological control, with greater emphasis on use of bio-pesticides
and pesticides of plant-origin such as neem formulations. A national plan on
rodent pest management is under implementation to build capacity and train
manpower, create awareness, involve community based organizations and launch
rodent control campaigns at the village level in identified endemic areas. A
campaign to prevent manufacture and sale of spurious pesticides has been
launched by DAC (Department of Agriculture and Cooperation) in cooperation with
all State Governments and the respective Central Integrated Pest Management Centres(CIPMCs).
Keeping in view the growth in consumption of bio-pesticides and need to
regulate their quality, assistance for setting up of bio-pesticide testing
facilities is being provided.
The scheme ‘Monitoring
of Pesticide Residue at National Level’ was launched in 2005 as a Central
sector scheme to collect, collage and analyze data and information on a
centralized basis, on prevalence of pesticide residues in agri-produce of
farm-gate and market yards. During 2011-12, more than 12,000 samples including
vegetables, fruits, rice, wheat, milk, butter, meat, fish and marine products,
spices, tea, honey and water were analyzed.
Web Based Processing
Usage of the internet
has enabled the web based Plant Quarantine Information System (PQIS) is now
providing plant quarantine services relating to the issue of import permits,
PSC's and release orders to importers and exporters. The Insecticides Act, 1968
regulates import, manufacture, sale, transportation, distribution and use of
insecticides with a view to prevent risk to humans or animals and for matters
connected therewith. In order to bring about greater transparency and
efficiency in the process of registration of pesticides on-line registration of
insecticides on website of the Central Insecticides Board and Registration
Committee (CIB&RC) has been operationalized.
Seed Treatment Campaign
consists of the use and application of chemical and biological agents on seeds
to control primary soil and seed borne infestation of insects and diseases, which
are threats to crop production. In view of threat perception to bio security of
the country on account of increasing international trade, emergence of
trans-boundary diseases of plants and animals (such as Ug-99 wheat stem
genetically modified organisms, climate change) and bio-terrorism, Ministry of
Agriculture has prepared a proposal for putting in place a National
Agricultural Bio Security System (NABS). The proposal is based on
recommendations of National Commission on Farmers headed by Prof. M.S. Swaminathan
and National Policy on Farmers 2007.
*Joint Director, PIB, Chennai.
With inputs from Department of Agriculture and