Low Police-Population Ratio
As per data compiled by Bureau of Police Research and Development (BPR&D) the number of Police personnel per one lakh of population in India as on 1.1.2006, is 1:142.69. (142.69 Police Personnel for every 1 lakh population)
No information as to the police and population ratio of other countries is being compiled by BPR&D. However, as per the report prepared by UN Division for Policy Analysis and Public Affairs available on the web site of United Nations released on 31st March, 2005, such ratio in some of the countries are like, Italy (559.0), Mexico (491.8), Saudi Arabia (386.5) and Belgium (357.5) which have much higher Police-Population ratio than India (136.4) during the year 2002 for every 1,00,000 (one hundred thousands) population.
As per the VII Schedule to the Constitution of India ‘Police’ and ‘law and order’ are State subjects. Therefore, the primary responsibility to decide about the composition of their police forces, as also modernizing and equipping them adequately, to face the challenges to internal security, is on the State Govts. However, the Central Government has been advising all the State Governments to fill up the existing vacancies of police personnel and outsource some of the non-core police duties which will also save manpower and promote police-community partnership.
This information was given by the Minister of State in the Ministry of Home Affairs, Shri Sriprakash Jaiswal in a written reply to a question in Rajya Sabha today.
(Release ID :35999)