In the Budget speech on 28.2.2013,
the Union Finance Minister Shri P.Chidambaram had announced that the Government
will set-up a Fund called the Nirbhaya Fund and contribute Rs.1000 crore to the
The amount of Rs.1000 crore could be
transferred only during the first Supplementary Demands for Grants. The Appropriation Bill was approved by
Parliament on 7.9.2013 and received the assent of the President of India only on
were requested to formulate proposals to utilise the resources in the Fund with
a view to enhance the safety and security of women in the country. After several rounds of consultations, following
three proposals have been approved in-principle by the Ministry of Finance,
details of which are given below. The
Ministry/Department concerned has been requested to move the Cabinet for
of the Ministry of Home Affairs designed in consultation with Ministry of
Information Technology: Integration
of the police administration with the mobile phone network to trace and respond
to distress calls with minimum response time.
Instructions will be issued by the Ministry of Information Technology to
all mobile phone manufacturers to introduce, mandatorily, an SOS alert button
in all the handsets. Manufacturers will
also be instructed to launch SOS alert system in the existing handsets through
free downloading of suitable software.
The scheme will be launched in 157 cities in two phases (55 in phase I
and 102 in phase II). The expected
outlay is Rs.1000 crore. A cabinet note
will be moved by MHA.
of IT has already initiated two projects in this context. The first project “A Pilot Deployment of an Electronic
Personal Safety System(ePSS)” by C-DAC (Trivandrum), that provides a complete
eco-system for assisting women in distress, is being implemented at Jaipur
Police Control Room. Another project called
“Design and Development of an affordable Electronic Personal Safety Device” is
being implemented by IIT, Delhi for development of personal security device in
the form of a wrist watch.
The action in this regard will be
taken by the Ministry of Home Affairs and Ministry of Information Technology.
of Ministry of Road Transport and Highways:
A scheme for ‘security of women in road transport in the country’
covering 32 towns each with a population of over one million to be implemented
over a period of two years.The scheme would have following features:
Transport Vehicles to compulsorily have Global Position System(GPS) for
tracking and enforcement. On-board unit
should be a necessary condition for giving permit.
room in every city having more than one million population to track public
Transport Buses to have CCTVs to record the events.
Information Systems through smart phones, display on bus stops etc.
Text and E-mail based complaint system for transport.
and constant review of every public transport vehicle and driver.
enforcement wing in transport department.
women drivers and conductors – Training and Licensing.
expected outlay is about Rs.1700 crore. A cabinet note is under preparation.
The action in
this regard will be taken by the Ministry of Road Transport & Highways.
of Ministry of Railways: A pilot scheme of setting up an SOS alert system
in trains in select zones. The railway helpline system will have the following
facility will cover all the service providers from all the telecom circles of
mobile and landline networks.
recording i.e. recording of the conversations between passengers and Call
for SMS service.
start with, the proposed call centre will support English and Hindi as
languages of communication. However the system is flexible to be upgraded to a
distributed mode wherein calls from a centralized call centre can be
transferred to regional call centers.
October 25, 2013, the work was awarded to CRIS (Center for Railway Information
Systems) with a completion period of 13 months for conducting pilot projects at
Central Railway and Western Railway. Rolling out of the scheme on All India
basis would require an estimated amount of Rs 25.17 cr. Ministry of Railways have not asked for any
fund at this stage.
action in this regard will be taken by the Ministry of Railways.
Besides the above three schemes,
Ministry of Women and Child Development (WCD) have reported that they are
formulating a scheme for vulnerability mapping, opening of response centres and
creating awareness for enhancement of safety and security of women in the 32
towns referred to in para 3(ii) above.
A draft cabinet note is under circulation.
The outlays referred to above will
be required over a period of time. While
the Fund has Rs.1000 crore and the proposals, after approval of Cabinet, will
be supported from the Fund, it is expected that the Fund will be enhanced from
time to time by the Government.