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English Release 28-November 2014
Date Month Year
  • President's Secretariat
  • President conferred D LITT/Law Degree (Honoris Causa) and Asutosh Mookerjee Memorial Medal by University of Calcutta
  • Min of Agriculture
  • Rabi Area Coverage as on 28.11.2014
  • Conservation of Indigenous Livestock
  • Development of Fisheries
  • Development of Dairy Sector
  • Proposal For New Insurance Scheme For Agriculturists
  • International Agreements for Cooperation in Agriculture and Allied Sectors
  • Shortfall in Production of Potato
  • Stagnation in Agricultural Production
  • Decline in Sowing of Oilseed
  • Revival of Agriculture Sector
  • Min of Chemicals and Fertilizers
  • False Reports on Increase in Prices of Drugs
  • Min of Commerce & Industry
  • Statement by Nirmala Sitharaman Regarding “India’s Stand In The WTO”
  • Proposals for Foreign Direct Investment
  • MoUs with Japan
  • India-Russia Forum on Trade
  • Task Force for Export Facilitation
  • Trade Along LoC
  • Special Economic Zones
  • Assistance to Coffee Industry
  • Import of Rice by STC
  • Curbs on Onion Trade
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  • Facilitating Ease of Doing Business - Recent Initiatives Under Implementation for SEZs
  • Min of Comm. & Information Technology
  • Cyber Security Violations
  • Min of Consumer Affairs, Food & Public Distribution
  • Steps taken by the Government to contain prices of essential food items
  • Transportation of PDS foodgrains through waterways to reduce transport cost
  • Computerisation PDS to make the system more efficient
  • States gets another six months for implementation of national food security act
  • Measures to augment domestic availability of pulses
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  • India Signs Agreement with ADB for a Loan of Us $100 Million to Support Kerala’s Additional Skill Acquisition Program; 2,35,000 Needy Students in Kerala to be Benefited under the Program during 2014-2018
  • Asian Infrastucture Investment Bank
  • Expenditure Management Commission
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  • Introduction Of Plastic Notes
  • To Give Autonomy to Public Sector Banks (PSBS), The Work of Selection and Appointment of Statutory Central Auditors (SCAS) Delegated to Individual PSBS for the Year 2014-15 Onwards
  • India Signs Agreement with ADB of US$200 Million to help State of Punjab Strengthen its Finances and thereby help with Socio-Economic Development of the State
  • Min of Health and Family Welfare
  • Healthcare Services in North-Eastern Region
  • Essential Drugs
  • Allocation of Funds Under NRHM
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  • Ban on Testing of Cosmetics on Animals
  • Funds Allocation for Strengthening Health Care System Under National Health Mission
  • Steps taken to Curb Adulteration in Food Items
  • Steps Taken to Modernise CGHS Centres
  • Decline in Death due to Rabies
  • Taxation on Beedis and Cigarettes
  • Setting up new AIIMS like Institutes under PMSSY
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  • Upgradation of Medical Colleges Under PMSSY
  • Min of Home Affairs
  • Charge of DG, CRPF
  • Min of Information & Broadcasting
  • My Name is Salt: A Documentary on Plight of Salt Workers in Ran Kachh
  • There is no running away from Bollywood says famous ad film director Bauddhayan Mukherji
  • Corbo: An insight into separatist struggle of Quebec
  • Min of Labour & Employment
  • Lok Sabha Passes the Labour Laws (Exemption from Furnishing Returns and Maintaining Registers by Certain Establishments) Amendment Bill, 2014
  • Min of Petroleum & Natural Gas
  • MOU between India and Mozambique on cooperation in the field of Oil and Gas
  • Global crude oil price of Indian Basket was US$ 72.51 per bbl on 27.11.2014
  • Ministry of Railways
  • Round the Clock All India Security Helpline ‘1800-111-322’ for Train Passengers is Operational
  • Railways allow PPP in Computerized Passenger Reservation System
  • 3289 Coaches Manufactured by Railway Production Units during 2013-14
  • Religious Circuit Trains to Connect more Pilgrimage Places
  • Min of Road Transport & Highways
  • Shri Nitin Gadkari Inaugurates CEAI Seminar
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  • ESTIMATES OF GROSS DOMESTIC PRODUC
  • Min of Textiles
  • Export of Textiles
  • Improving Working Conditions of Weavers
  • Min of Tribal Affairs
  • Vanbandhu Kalyan Yojana
  • Committee on Condition of Tribals
  • Min of Urban Development
  • ‘Rahagiri’ gets UD Ministry’s Excellence Award; Karnataka bags four of ten Awards of Excellence for urban transport initiatives; Shri Babul Supriyo calls for adoption of Intelligent Transport Initiatives
  • Do smart cities protect interests of children?
  • Ministry of Water Resources
  • Storage Status of 85 Important Reservoirs of the Country as on November 27, 2014
  • Planning Commission
  • 70.43 crore AADHAAR card issued
  • Measures for effective implementation PPP projects

Previous Date

 
Ministry of Defence04-May, 2007 18:22 IST
India Celebrates 150th Year of its First War of Independence

May  7 to 11, 2007 will be historic days for India in the celebration of 150 years of its First War of Independence that had claimed thousands of freedom fighters in 1857 for the cause of their motherland. The commemoration of the days  will also cast a new light on the hidden pages of the history of India’s freedom struggle. The UPA government has organized a yearlong programme across the country to pay tributes, particularly, those who gave a kick-start to the initial momentum to free the country from the clutches of the British rule. According to majority of the historians, the revolt by Sepoys against their British masters in Meerut (Uttar Pradesh) in May 1857 is considered to be the First War of Independence of India. The fact remains that the events  in Meerut gave an instant inspiration to the people to launch a revolt against the century-old despotic rule of the British.

 

The Beginning

The revolt began when some of the Sepoys of the 3rd Cavalry regiment refused to use the greased cartridges. Their refusal to use the greased cartridges was regarded by the British authorities as an action of insubordination and was punished accordingly. On March 29, 1857 the Sepoys at Barrackpore refused to use the greased cartridges and one Brahmin Sepoy – Mangal Pandey, attacked and fired at the Adjutant. He is described as the first martyr of India’s Independence. The regiment was disbanded and Sepoys found guilty of rebellion punished. At Meerut in May 1857, 85 Sepoys of the 3rd Cavalry regiment on their refusal to use the greased cartridges were court-martialled and sentenced to long terms of imprisonment. On 10th May, the Sepoys broke out in open rebellion, shot their officers, released their fellow Sepoys and headed towards Delhi. General Hewitt, the Officer Commanding at Meerut had 2,200 European soldiers at his disposal but did nothing to stem the rising tide. The rebels had seized Delhi on 12th May 1857. Lieutenant Willoughby, the officer-in-charge of the magazine at Delhi, had offered some resistance, but was overcome. The palace and the city were occupied. Some European inhabitants of Delhi were shot dead. Bahadur Shah II was proclaimed the Emperor of India. The loss of Delhi was a serious loss of prestige to the English. Very soon the rebellion spread throughout Northern and Central India at Lucknow, Allahabad, Kanpur, Bareilly, Banaras, in parts of Bihar, Jhansi and other places. However, the most outstanding leader of the revolt was Rani Laxmi Bai of Jhansi, who had fought valiantly and died while fighting the British forces. The historians say although the rebellion was completely suppressed in July 1857, the momentum continued to serve as the main source of inspiration for the people, who vigorously fought the British to free their motherland.

 

Youth Rally From Meerut To Delhi

The UPA government had chalked out a National Youth Action Plan for the commemoration of the event. The Nehru Yuva Kendra Sangathan (NYKS), an autonomous organization under the Ministry of Youth Affairs and Sports, is carrying out the initiatives of the commemoration plan. Elaborate arrangements have been made for a National Youth Rally to be flagged off on the morning of  7th May 2007 from Meerut in Uttar Pradesh to the capital city of Delhi symbolizing the march of Sepoys, who had revolted against the British imperialism at this time in 1857. Over 30,000 youth from across the country will walk from Meerut to Delhi covering a distance of 80 km in five days. This is in addition to 20,000 youth who will be joining the rally in Delhi. A series of village level programmes are underway in preparation to the five-day National Youth Rally. Various programmes will be organized in the transit at places like Modi Nagar, Muradanagar, Ghaziabad, Meerut and Delhi. They include special programmes at Meerut and Red Fort. A series of village level programmes like conventions, meetings, competitions, wall writings, film shows, exhibition, nukkad natak etc., will be organized by youth organizations in the country.  A large number of people, intellectuals, writers and historians will also be a part of the celebrations.  The Prime Minister, Dr. Manmohan Singh has taken the lead to organize commemorative functions. While addressing the three-day convention of Nehru Yuva Kendra Sangathan, in May 2006, Dr. Singh said “Since Meerut is the holy ground marking the first outbreak of the uprising of 1857, it would be appropriate if our youth take out yatras from every village and town to converge at Meerut and then march further from Meerut to  Lal Quila in Delhi...” The Prime Minister also added, “The striking feature of the revolt of 1857 was that both Hindu and Muslims assiduously organized the front against the foreign rule. Hindu-Muslim unity was visible among soldiers and people as well as among leaders.” Stating that the sense of historic solidarity only underlined the great diversity that has made India what it is today, Dr. Singh asked the NYK activists to stand committed to the ideals enshrined in the Constitution and to be vigilant in safeguarding the unique and vibrant diversity. He said it is necessary to continuously ensure that the various communities that make up the mosaic of India live together in peace and harmony. The frustrated elements that seek to disturb the ethos of communal harmony must not be given any scope for having their aims achieved. Dr. Singh said celebrating the event through a yearlong campaign – “SANJHI VIRASAT AND SANJHI SHAHADAT,” youth would work for the Nation-building activities in a more effective and committed manner. 

National Committee On Commemoration Of 150th Anniversary

            The first meeting of the National Committee on Commemoration of the 150th Anniversary of the First War of Independence, under the Chairmanship of the Prime Minister, Dr. Singh, held on July 13, 2006, had considered a number of proposals like identification, restoration and beautification of all buildings and sites associated with the First War of Independence, publication of an authorized detailed account of the First War in all scheduled languages besides Hindi and English, an authoritative film on 1857 War of Independence. The proposals also included coordinating the celebrations with the Governments of Pakistan and Bangladesh as well as at the level of historians, artists and media of the three countries so as to provide an appropriate sub-continental dimension to the event, setting up of a National Museum on the freedom on the freedom movement reflecting various aspects of the freedom struggle covering the period from 1857 to 1947 and organizing various other events at the local, state and national levels with a view to enthuse public and inculcate in them, particularly among the younger generations adequate awareness and the spirit of patriotism.

*Freelance Journalist

Disclaimer: The views expressed by the author in this feature are entirely his own and not necessarily reflect the views of PIB.


(Release ID :27529)

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