In recognition of the efforts made by the Government
of India in modernising its intellectual property systems as well as infusing
transparency and openness in the system, the 170 plus Member States of the World
Intellectual Property Organization (WIPO), in the recently concluded General Assemblies
of WIPO, endorsed India’s recognition as an International Searching Authority
(ISA) and an International Preliminary Examining Authority (IPEA). “The recognition
of India as an ISA/IPEA puts India in a coveted league of only 15 nations and
organization which are currently recognized at a global level by ISA/APEA”, Shri
Kamal Nath, Union Minister of Commerce and Industry, informed in a press briefing
here today. He further said that it is a recognition of our efforts to recognise
the intellectual property system as well as lay down benchmark for future milestones
that we need to achieve.
status of ISA and IPEA would be beneficial for India in several ways. Apart from the international recognition that our IP system would
get, it would also generate revenues in the form of fees that would be provided
to us for functioning as an ISA/IPEA. Being
the only English speaking nation in the Asian region to be recognized as an ISA/IPEA
would mean that several international applications received by WIPO under the
Patents Cooperation Treaty would be sent to the Indian Patent Offices for search
and preliminary examination purposes.
E-filing facilities for patents and trade marks applications
was launched in July this year. In the last 3 years, several important milestones
have been achieved in the field of Intellectual Property rights in India. The
Patent Act was amended in 2005 in order to meet our international obligations.
A Rs.153 crore modernization programme for augmenting the infrastructure and human
resources in Intellectual Property Office, creation of awareness regarding IPRs
and introducing IT enabled efficient systems was completed on 31 March 2007.
During the briefing, Shri Kamal Nath also informed that India
has retained the Second place in A.T. Kearney’s 2007 Foreign Direct Investment
Confidence Index, a position it has held since displacing the US in 2005.
“India continues to attract investors in the high value-added services
industries like financial services and informed technology.
India is the 2nd most preferred location for investors in Asia
and USA. However, for European investors,
India has claimed the top slot, displacing China”, he further informed.
The Foundation Stone for a National Institute of Intellectual
Property Management was laid in August, 2007 at Nagpur. The Institute is expected to be of global standards
and would cater to training, research, education and would serve as an IP think-tank.
A Rs.20 crore project has been approved for this purpose.
The Institute is expected to be operational by the end of next year. The
impact of the modernization programme is already self-evident. In the last 3 years, the number of patent applications have gone
up three-fold and more importantly, the patents granted by four-folds. Similarly,
there has been a steady increase in the number of trademarks applications being
filed. The revenues generated by the Intellectual
Property Offices gone up eight-fold in the last 3 years. This is 10 times more
than the expenditure on these offices.
The registration of trademarks per annum, which is close
to 1 lakh, has kept a pace with the filing. In a major effort to clear the backlog
of patent and trademark applications, a total of 44,000 patent applications and
more than 4.5 lakh trademark applications were cleared. A major effort is under
way to digitize the patent and trademark records. Our effort is to digitize all records pertaining
to 2 lakh plus patent and 6 lakh plus trademarks that have been granted so far.
This exercise is expected to be completed by the end of 2008.
The rising trend has also been witnessed in the area
of industrial designs where a record number of over 5000 applications were received
last year. In the area of geographical
indications, as on date, 46 GIs have been registered and over 100 applications
are in the pipeline. Some of the most
important GIs registered are Darjeeling Tea, Chanderi Saree, Pochampalli Ikat
and Kangara Tea.
Bearing in mind the significance of designs in the competitive
economic scenario, the Government of India announced the National Design Policy
earlier this year. This Policy envisages the strengthening of design infrastructure
in the country as well as the spread of design education.
Further, we intend to establish a design Council as well as undertake efforts
to brand Indian designs. To establish
3 more Institutes of Designs in the Southern, Eastern and Northern region of the
country on the pattern of the National
Institute of Design, Ahmedabad. Given the premier character of the NID, Ahmedabad,
we are proposed to give NID the status a deemed university.
The Government of India has taken a decision to accede
to the Madrid Protocol – an international system for registration of trademarks.
Accession to the Madrid Protocol would given the Indian business community
an opportunity to register their trade marks through a single application in as
many as 80 countries.
A more ambitious second phase of modernization at a
cost of Rs.300 crores is proposed to be implemented during the 11th
Plan period. Under this proposal, it is
proposed to further augment the existing infrastructure, establish a state-of-the-art
of Trade Marks Office at Ahmedabad, procure international databases, establish
online processing of IP applications, manifold increase in human resources particularly
of patent and trademark examiners, launch a massive awareness campaign and sensitization
programme which would cover all major stakeholders including industry, academia,
judiciary, enforcement agencies, policy makers and State Governments.
(Release ID :34120)