Year End Review
In the past few
years, Indian Railways have registered an unprecedented turnaround in its
fortunes that has helped launch itself towards a path of gigantic growth and
development, keeping in view the future transportation needs of the economy.
Milestones have been bettered and sights set on newer ones, especially
those that beckon it during the 11th Plan period such as the freight
loading target of 1100 million tonnes during that period.
The year 2007 has been significant for the Railways in achieving goals
and targets with regard to the following:
The total approximate earnings of Indian Railways on originating basis during 1st April-30th November 2007 were Rs. 44472.14 crore compared to Rs.
39669.25 crore during the same period last year, registering an increase of 12.11 per cent. The total goods earnings have gone up from Rs.
26658.73 crore during 1st April-30th November 2006 to Rs. 29754.06 crore during 1st April-30th November 2007, showing an increase of 11.61 per cent. The total passenger revenue earnings during first eight months of the financial year 2007-08 were Rs.
12869.41 crore compared to Rs. 11328.74 crore during the same period last year,
registering an increase of 13.60 per cent. The revenue earnings from other coaching and sundry amounted to
Rs. 1848.67 crore during April- November 2007 compared to Rs. 1681.80 crore
during the same period last year, showing an increase of 9.92 per cent.
The total approximate number of passengers booked during April- November 2007 were 4430.69 million compared to 4194.35
million during the same period last year, showing an increase of 5.63
per cent. In the suburban and
non-suburban sectors, the number of passengers booked during April- November
2007 were 2428.49 million and 2002.20 million compared to 2314.17 million and
1880.18 million during the same period last year, an increase of 4.94
per cent and 6.49 per cent respectively.
Indian Railways have carried 501.46 million tonnes of
revenue earning freight traffic during the first eight months (i.e. April –
November 2007) of the current financial year 2007-08. The freight carried shows
an increase of 37.07 million tonnes over the freight traffic of 464.39 million
tonnes actually carried during the corresponding period last year, reflecting
an increase of 7.98 per cent.
The operating ratio in the Indian Railways is amongst
the best in the world and has reached the level of 78 per cent.
plays active role under IR leadership
In a significant policy move, the180-member strong International
Union of Railways (UIC), which represents the interest of global rail transport,
has confirmed its strategic role in achieving higher quality assurance in
all aspects of railway sector at global level under the present leadership.
The move will position UIC as a global quality assurance certification
agency. This emerged at Executive Board and General
Assembly meetings of UIC which were held in Paris on 7th December 2007. The meetings
were chaired by Shri K. C. Jena, Chairman, UIC and Chairman, Railway Board,
Making India a global hub for International
In a historic step towards making India the global hub for International Railway
Managers, the foundation stone was laid for the International Railway Strategic
Management Institute (IRSMI) to be set up in New Delhi. The Institute, an initiative of Indian
Railways and International Union of Railways (UIC), is planned to be fully
operational by the year 2010 with independent infrastructure. The Institute
will provide International training facilities in co-operation with top most
global Business Schools to Railway professionals. This will make India a center for providing trained manpower to Rail Companies across the globe.
The Institute under the aegis of International Union of Railways (UIC) will
prepare International Railway managers to meet the future challenges in rail
Signing agreement on Trans-Asian Railways
In line with the Government’s “Look East Policy” that requires strengthening
of rail linkages in the region especially with our South East Asian neighbours,
the Government of India has signed the Inter-Governmental Agreement on Trans-Asian
Railway. The Agreement was signed by Chairman Railway Board, Indian Railways,
on behalf of Government of India at UN Headquarters, New York.
As the year 2007-08 is being observed as ‘Cleanliness
Year’, the Ministry of Railways has taken several initiatives to ensure cleanliness
and hygiene at station premises, in passenger trains, railway lines, waiting
rooms etc. Indian Railway Catering and Tourism Corporation (IRCTC) has taken
numerous steps to improve the quality of catering services provided in trains.
IRCTC has initiated the process of modernizing the departmental base kitchens
at New Delhi, Mumbai and Kolkata. It is proposed to have state-of-the-art
equipments and professional manpower for the base kitchens. The licensees have also been directed
to upgrade their base kitchens and to obtain International Organization for
Standardization (ISO) and hazard Analysis and Critical Control Points (HACCP)
certifications. In the existing base kitchens also, continuous efforts are
being made to ensure that the food is prepared under clean and hygienic conditions
with standard raw materials. The Hon’ble Court has considered the report submitted by the Committee
and appreciated the efforts made by IRCTC to improve the overall quality of
World-class railway stations
In a bid to make Indian Railways the world’s No. 1 Railway
network, the Committee on Infrastructure under the Chairmanship of the Prime
Minister has approved the proposal to develop New Delhi Railway Station as
a world class station before the Commonwealth Games to be held in New Delhi in 2010. The Ministry of Railways has decided to constitute
a Core Group for monitoring of Public Private Partnership (PPP) projects related
to development of 22 World Class Railway Stations across the country including
New Delhi Railway Station. The Committee will set up clear timeframe for each
of the 22 railway stations, which will be upgraded to world-class stations.
Dial ‘139’ countrywide common
telephone no. for train enquiry
In a new endeavour, to provide new, modern
and improved facilities to the passengers, the Indian Railways has introduced the Integrated Train Enquiry System (ITES) ‘Rail
Sampark’ call centre with common telephone number 139. This significant
passenger friendly initiative is now available for general public throughout the country. Under this system, the MTNL and BSNL
subscribers in the covered area may make a local call at telephone No. 139
(without requiring STD facility) to get basic enquiries pertaining to train
journey like arrival/departure of train, status of availability of seats,
train fare etc. Highly skilled and trained customer care executives have been
deployed at these Call Centres provide 24X7 Customer Care Services. This service
will ultimately also be made available to all general public in the country
who may subscribe to any telecom service provider irrespective of the type
of telecom service (basic, mobile, WLL).In addition to Hindi and English,
enquiry services will also be available in regional languages. The work of
implementation of Integrated Train Enquiry System (ITES) is based on public-private
partnership (PPP model).
Dedicated Freight Corridor
Cooperation Agency (JICA) presented the final study report on Dedicated Freight
Corridor (DFC) to the Ministry of Railways. The DFC projects are the flagship
projects of Indian Railways and are certainly one of the most ambitious infrastructure
projects in the country. The project is vital for the Indian Railways for
capacity creation to meet the ever-growing traffic requirements and the implementation
of this project requires massive resources and is also a challenge for our
engineers in more ways than one. Development of DFC for carrying additional
traffic is essential in view of high growth in demand. Railways have proposed
a 2700 kilometre long railway line project (Eastern Corridor – 1279 kms. and
Western corridor – 1483 Kms.) as an augmentation of capacity of Indian Railways
network to handle the large increase in volume of traffic expected over the
coming years. Cabinet Committee on Economic Affairs has already given approval
‘in principle’ for the projects. Indian Railways have decided to upgrade
the entire feeder routes of proposed Dedicated Freight Corridor (DFC) initially
for 25 ton axle load and subsequently to 30 ton axle load.
Four of these proposed feeder routes falling on Western Railway are
Pipavav - Surendranagar – Viramgam – Mahesana, Viramgam – Samkhiali, Kandla
Port – Gandhidham – Palanpur and Mundra Port – Gandhidham.
The bridges falling on these feeder routes are also required to be
upgraded for making them fit for 25/30 ton axle load train operation.
Production Units meet target
The production unit of Indian Railways
helped set the pace for continuing growth. Chittaranjan Locomotive Works (CLW) produced
97 electric locomotives against the target of 94 electronic locomotives and
Diesel Locomotive Works (DLW) produced 137 diesel locomotives against the
target of 127 diesel locomotives during first
seven months of the fiscal 2007-08 (April-October 2007). Rail Coach Factory
(RCF) produced 783 coaches against the target of 778 coaches where as Integral
Coach Factory (ICF) produced 668 coaches against the target of 682 coaches
during the same period. Rail Wheel Factory (RWF) produced 73755 wheels and
22336 axles against the target of 73072 wheels and 22335 axles during April-October
Introduction of state-of-the-art
The first prototype AC/DC EMU rake (12 Car) having state-of-the-art
technology with microprocessor controlled dual voltage system, specially designed
for Mumbai Suburban Area, has been manufactured by Integral Coach Factory, Chennai
with the electrics of M/s Siemens. This prototype rake has already been introduced
on Western Railway for passenger service on 12.11.2007. With the introduction
of this rake, 21 services per day has been increased. Indian Railways plan
to introduce 117 such AC/DC EMU rakes in near future. These AC/DC EMU coaches have special features
such as Passenger Information and Communication System which will be beneficial
for passengers in gaining information about destination of the train, approaching
stations and other information similar to Delhi Metro coaches. Forced Ventilation
System is also used in these coaches for better passenger comfort. In addition
there will be saving of electrical energy as these rakes will be regenerating
approx 30% energy during braking.
out to backward areas
In a significant move which
will bring about socio-economic development of the backward areas of Bastar
region predominantly inhabited by tribal population in Chhattisgarh state
and further the industrial progress and mining activities in the region, Indian
Railways have taken a momentous step to expand the reach of its network in
this backward area meeting the long pending demand of the local populace.
In a shining example of Public-Public Partnership, Ministry of Railways, Steel
Authority of India Limited (SAIL), National Minerals Development Corporation
(NMDC) and State Government of Chhattisgarh have come together to construct
a 235 kilometer new broad gauge railway line from DalliRajhara to Jagdalpur
via Rowghat in Chhattisgarh.
Setting up of joint venture power plant
Railways have added another mile stone
by signing a joint venture agreement with National Thermal Power Corporation Ltd. (NTPC) to set
up a 1000 MW power plant –
Bhartiya Rail Bijlee Company Limited at Nabinagar in Bihar. The Nabinagar power plant, to be built at a cost of
Rs. 5352 crore, will be of 1000 MW capacity and 10 per cent of power from this plant is earmarked to
other users. The equity portions of NTPC and Indian Railways will be 74 per
cent (Rs. 1188 crore) and 26 per cent (Rs. 417 crore) respectively. Indian
Railways is thereby expected to save approximately Rs. 600 crore per annum.
The electricity from this plant will be utilized by Indian Railways for running
electric trains in Bihar,
Chhatisgarh, Maharashtra, Gujarat and Madhya Pradesh in the eastern
and western regions of the country.
Coal transportation agreement
In a significant move at facilitating
power generation in the country,
Indian Railways have signed a Coal Transportation Agreement with M/s Nagarajuna
Power Corporation Limited (NPCL)
which is setting up a 1015 MW thermal power
plant near Padubidri near Udipi in Karnataka on Konkan Railway. The Agreement was signed among Southern Railway, Konkan Railway Corporation
Limited and NPCL. Under the agreement,
the coal required for the plant will be transported by rail from new Mangalore Port to the plant covering a distance of
about 36 Kms. Coal required for the
power plant will be imported at the port.
While loading of coal and a small lead of 5 kms is in Southern Railway,
unloading siding will be in Konkan Railway jurisdiction.
Transportation of 2.8 MTPA of coal will be required for the power house. The present agreement
is on the lines of the agreement earlier signed with M/s Rosa Power Company Limited.
Technological Upgradation of Telecommunication
A total of 29000 RKMs Optical Fibre
Cable has been commissioned on Indian Railways.
Work of upgradation of OFC network to high bandwidth STM-16 network
is in full swing and has already been commissioned on all important routes. Further plans are under way for the provision
of very high capacity DWDM network on about 8500 RKMs, the contract for which
has already been awarded by Railtel. RailTel
have been asked to provide Cyber Cafes at 82 stations on Indian Railways out
of which cyber cafes at 24 stations have been commissioned till November 2007.
A decision has been taken to install
Wi-Fi systems at 50 stations initially as a pilot project by Railtel.
This will enable passengers at these stations to make use of Broadband
internet facility using their Laptops and other Wi-Fi enabled services. Twenty stations are expected to be made operational
by March 2008 and remaining 30 stations will be commissioned in 2008-09.
Based on the result of the pilot scheme, the system may be extended
to other stations. With a view to improve the disbursal of railway tickets,
a large number of ATMs are being installed at various railway stations. Last
year, the Ministry of Railways had entered into an agreement with State Bank
of India for installation of ATMs
at 682 railway stations across the country which was followed up by allowing
six more banks to install ATMs at 711 locations. These banks are; Canara Bank,
Punjab National Bank, Indian Bank, Dena Bank, Union Bank of India and Bank of Baroda. The
Ministry of Railways has asked all these banks to complete the installation
of all ATMs by 31st March 2008.
Highest bonus ever paid to employees
As a result of the overwhelming performance of the Indian
Railways during the financial year 2006-07, the Cabinet has approved the proposal
of the Ministry of Railways for payment of Productivity Linked Bonus to the
extent of 70 days wages for the financial year 2006-07. Productivity Linked
Bonus is based on the productivity indices of the Indian Railways and this
is the highest bonus ever paid on the Railways. This payment will benefit approximately 13.30
lakh non-gazetted eligible Railway employees.
Safety and security
The number of accidents over the Indian
Railways has been witnessing a sustained declining trend over the past several
years. In the year 2000-01 the number of accidents stood at 473 which have
come down to 195 last year. All possible
steps are undertaken on a continuing basis to prevent accidents. These measures include timely replacement of
over aged assets, adoption of suitable technologies for upgradation and maintenance
of track, rolling stock, signaling and inter-locking systems etc. Anti-Collision Device developed by Konkan Railway
Corporation Ltd. has been installed on 1763 route kilometers of Northeast
Frontier Railway. Railways have proposed
to install about 57000 Anti-Collision Devices (ACDs) over the entire Broad
Gauge (BG) Network of Indian Railways by 2014. Railways are under the process of installing
CCTV and x-ray machines on railway stations initially at identified 185 sensitive
locations across the country for a more effective handling of crime, pilferage
and terrorist threats.
Indian Railways have registered important achievements in the field of
sports at International and National levels. During 2007, at International
level, in the Asian Athletics Championship held at Amman (Jordan) in July 2007.
IR athletes won 2 Gold, 2 Silver and 2 Bronze Medals. In the World Billiards
Championship held in Singapore in September 2007, both the finalists i.e. Shri
Rupesh Ashwinbhai Shah and Shri Ashok Harishankar Sandilaya were from Indian
Railways and Shri Rupesh Shah emerged as the new World Champion. In USIC (Union
Sportive Internationale des Cheminots) World Railways Tennis Championship held
at Prague (Republic of Czech) in June 2007, Indian Railways team won the championship. In
Commonwealth Free Style and Greco Roman Style Wrestling Championship held in Ontario, Canada in June 2007,
IR wrestlers won 6 Gold and 4 Silver medals.
At national level too, during 2007 IR
sportsperson have won about 50%
National Championships including Athletics(M&W), Hockey(W),
Boxing(M&W), Cricket(W), Kabaddi (M&W), Volleyball(M&W),
Handball(W), Cycling (M) etc.
Besides, during 2007, two IR sports-persons,
viz. Jyoti S. Kullu (Hockey) and Shri Vijinder (Boxing) were honoured with
“Arjuna Award” and Shri Virender Singh, ex-Hockey Player of IR has also been
honoured with prestigious “Dhyanchand Award for Lifetime Achievements in Sports
A proposal to include
Kalka – Shimla Railway (KSR) as world
heritage site is being considered by UNESCO and a team from International
Council on Monuments and Sites (ICOMOS) an organ of UNESCO for cultural heritage
sites, inspected the KSR in September, 2007. Based on their report and recommendations,
further examination of the application will be done internally by ICOMOS &
UNESCO and KSR may come up for consideration to be listed as a World Heritage
Site in the next session of the UNESCO World Heritage Committee in Canada
in July’2008. Matheran Light Railway has completed 100 years in April 2007
of its existence and is still operational. The construction work for this
railway was started in 1904 and the Neral-Matheran section at the foothill
of Mumbai-Pune section was opened to traffic in March 1907.
sale of reserved tickets through Post Offices
achievement of Indian Railways in 2007 was the step to expand the reach of
reserved tickets nearer to the doorsteps of passengers even in remote areas
by allowing selling of reserved tickets through Post Offices. A Memorandum
of Understating in this regard was signed by the Ministry of Railways and
Department of Posts. This is the joint endeavour of the Ministry of Railways
and the Ministry of Communications and IT for the benefit of people especially
those who are staying in remote areas to enable them to get reserved tickets
from the nearby Post Offices.
Growing world-wide interest
in Indian Railways
Impressed by the
landmark economic success of Indian Railways and growing worldwide interest
in its spectacular performance during the past more than three years, a four
member delegation led by Mr. Frank Brown, Dean, INSEAD, a leading International Business School, visited the Ministry
of Railways. The delegation was given a detailed presentation on the historic
‘turnaround story of Indian Railways’ which has now become a case study for
many National and International Business schools. A 30-member team of Civil
Servants from Bangladesh, on a study tour of India, called on the Railway
Minister to learn more about the significant performance of Indian Railways.
A 16-member US Financial Services and Industry Study Group led by Dr. David
G. Blair, Professor of Economics, National Defence University, Washington also visited the Ministry
(Release ID :34243)