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English Release 27-November 2014
Date Month Year
  • President's Secretariat
  • President of India attends Birth Centenary Celebrations of Chaudhary Ranbir Singh
  • President of India to visit West Bengal, Uttar Pradesh and Odisha from November 28 TO 30
  • Department of Atomic Energy
  • New Atomic Power Plants
  • Administrative Arrangement Agreement with USA
  • Power Generation Through Atomic Energy
  • Thorium Reserves in Country
  • Deposits of Rare Earths
  • Election Commission
  • FACTS AT A GLANCE- JHARKHAND
  • Min for Develop. of North-East Region
  • Role of North Eastern Regional Agricultural Marketing Corporation
  • Min of Agriculture
  • Union Agriculture Minister, Shri Radha Mohan Singh has expresses happiness over establishment of Mahatma Gandhi Central University in Motihari
  • Min of Civil Aviation
  • Tourist Visa on Arrival Enabled with ETA Scheme Launched
  • Min of Coal
  • Production of Coal
  • Quantum & Value of Coal Reserves
  • Setting up of Independent Regulator for Coal Sector
  • Auction of Coal Blocks
  • Sampling of Coal
  • Min of Defence
  • Indian Air Force and Russian Federation Air Force Joint Exercise “Avia Indra I” at AF Stn Halwara Concluded
  • GRSE, Kolkata pays Dividend to the Government of India
  • DGDE Contributes 48.9 lakhs to Prime Minister’s National Relief Fund
  • Min of Earth Science
  • Monitoring of Variability of Weather Phenomena
  • Proposal to Conversion of Sea Water Into Potable Water
  • Mapping of Multi-Hazard Coastal Vulnerability
  • NASA Aircraft for Prediction of Cyclones
  • Ministry of Finance
  • FM Revises the Target of Opening of Bank Accounts under PMJDY to 10 Crore by 26th January, 2015
  • Finance Minister Shri Arun Jaitley Reiterates The Government’s Vision and Commitment for Working Towards Expanding and Deepening Engagements and Relations Between India and China Based on Mutual Complementarities and Common Interests;
  • Min of Health and Family Welfare
  • Health Minister Shri J P Nadda speaks to CM, Kerala on Avian Flu Cases
  • Min of Heavy Ind. & Public Enterprises
  • Protection of Capital Goods Industry
  • Formation of SC/ST Employees’ Welfare Organisation in CPSU
  • Min of Home Affairs
  • MoS (Home) ShriKirenRijiju says the Government is formulating a National Action Plan on Birth and Death Registration
  • Union Home Minister & Tourism Minister launch landmark Tourist Visa on Arrival Enabled with Electronic Travel Authorization Scheme
  • Min of Housing and Urban Poverty Alleviation
  • 16,600 homeless in Delhi; more night shelters to be built
  • Min of Information & Broadcasting
  • Govind Nihalani pays a glowing tribute to the iconic V K Murth
  • Kannada film industry in urgent need of Government financial support and subsidies: P. Sheshadri, Director of Kannada film December –
  • Directors of the Chinese Film ‘Genuine Love’ hope to make films with Indian directors by next year
  • Othello: An Assamese Film Portraying Life as a Perennial River
  • North 24 Kaadham: A Film Full of Optimism
  • The mission of mothers is to see the happiness of their children but we destroy their mission by making war says director Elchin Musaoglu
  • Music Recording comes out of the Shadows
  • Lokmanya Tilak Continues to Inspire Youth at IFFI 2014
  • Min of Micro,Small & Medium Enterprises
  • Strengthening of Khadi and Village Industries Commission
  • Review of financial architecture of MSMEs
  • Special employment through Khadi and Village Industries (KVI) Commission
  • Protection of MSME Sector
  • Entrepreneurship Development Programme in the Country
  • Min of Minority Affairs
  • Multi-Sectoral Development Programme
  • Min of New and Renewable Energy
  • Jawaharlal Nehru National Solar Mission
  • Setting Up of 25 Solar Parks
  • Investment in Renewable Energy Sector
  • Min of Personnel, Public Grievances & Pensions
  • Showcasing of commendable work done during Service
  • Complaint against the CSAT Examination Pattern
  • Disposal of Appeals by CIC
  • Establishment of Jan Lokpal
  • Min of Petroleum & Natural Gas
  • Global crude oil price of Indian Basket was US$ 76.00 per bbl on 26.11.2014
  • Min of Power
  • Power Pavilion Bags Gold Medal at IITF -2014
  • Steps to Overcome the Shortcomings in Supply of Power
  • Round the Clock Supply of Power
  • Deen Dayal Upadhyaya Gram Jyoti Yojana
  • Ministry of Railways
  • Sreedharan Submits One-Man Committee’s Interim Report to Railway Minister
  • Railways’ Solar Power and Wind Mill Plant
  • Committee on Restructuring of Railways
  • Upgradation of Railways’ E-Ticketing System
  • Railways Launches Automatic Freight Rebate Scheme for Traffic Booked in Empty Flow Directions as a Pilot Project
  • Ongoing Railway Projects in North Eastern Region
  • Provision of Medical First Aid in Trains
  • Min of Road Transport & Highways
  • Current Year Targets 8500 km of National Highways
  • Min of Rural Development
  • There will be no dilution of MGNREGA, Says Birender Singh
  • Safe Drinking Water to all Rural Habitations by 2022-Birender Singh.
  • Min of Science & Technology
  • GDP in Science Research
  • Min of Shipping
  • Government Takes Steps to Increase Coastal Movement of Cargo
  • Government to Expand Capacity of Ports
  • Cochin Shipyard Delivers Nine FPVs to Coast Guard
  • Min of Social Justice & Empowerment
  • Self employment training programme for differently abled persons.
  • Reservation for disabled
  • Granting allocation to NGOs made more transparent
  • Min of Textiles
  • Textiles Minister Inaugurates ‘International Conference on Innovative Ideas, Technologies and Services
  • Online Marketing Platform to Handloom Weavers
  • Memorandum from All India Kisan Sabha
  • Promotion of Handloom Industry
  • Handloom and Powerloom Sectors
  • Min of Urban Development
  • Shri M.Venkaiah Naidu discusses major Delhi developmental issues With LG Shri Najib Jung
  • Ministry of Water Resources
  • Cleaning of Yamuna River
  • Cleaning Of Ganga
  • Groundwater in Rural Areas

Previous Date

 
Ministry of Overseas Indian Affairs18-September, 2008 14:38 IST
Cabinet approves Social Security Agreement between India and France

Major Benefits to Indian Work Force in France
The Union Cabinet today approved the signing of a Social Security Agreement between India and France that will result in major benefits for Indian nationals working in France. Under the agreement, workers on short term contract up to 5 years, do not have to make any social security contribution provided they continue to make social security payment in India. These benefits shall be available even when the Indian company sends its employees to the French Republic from a third country. Indian workers shall be entitled to the export of the social security benefit if they relocate to India after the completion of their service in France. The self-employed Indians in France would also be entitled to export of social security benefit on their relocation to India. The period of contribution in one contracting state will be added to the period of contribution in the second contracting state for determining the eligibility for social security benefits.

India and France had finalised the social security agreement after negotiations held in New Delhi from 26-29 August, 2008. The agreement is likely to be signed by the two countries later this month.

There are about 2,85,000 Indians in France. Out of this, a large number of Indians are working as professionals and self employed persons. Therefore, a bilateral social security agreement with France is a significant requirement from the point of view of the Indians working there.

Government has already approved signing of similar agreements with Germany, Netherlands, Oman and Bahrain. These agreements are slated to be signed next month. Negotiations are currently being carried on for conclusion of an agreement with Switzerland. Discussions are scheduled with Norway and Sweden in the next few days. India has already signed a Social Security Agreement with Belgium.

Most of the developed countries have an umbrella social security system mandated by law. It is funded through mandatory contribution from all working people and their employers (in a prescribed ratio) in order to provide multiple benefits like old age pension, disability insurance, health insurance and unemployment insurance. Generally the contribution is in the form of a fixed percentage of income subject to a maximum lumpsum limit.

Indian workers are often posted to these countries by their Indian employers on short term contract and during this period they continue to make social security contribution in India as per Indian law. Yet, they are compelled to pay contribution under the host countries legislation too. Moreover, they do not get any benefit from the social security contribution made abroad, because most countries do not allow export of social security benefit. Most countries also have a minimum contribution period criteria as a result of which if a worker stays abroad for a lesser period, the contribution made by him is simply lost. Similarly, the self-employed Indians in these countries despite having made contribution throughout their active life spent in these countries get deprived of any benefits in case they relocate to India in old age, which is often the case. Another disadvantage is that due to the high rate of social security tax, the Indian companies become less competitive while bidding for projects in these countries.

Bilateral social security agreements with these countries can protect the interests of Indian professionals persons by securing exemption from social security contribution in case of short-term contracts (provided the worker is covered under the Indian social security system and continues to pay his contribution to the Indian system during the period of contract) and exportability of benefits in case of relocation to India or any other country after having made social security contribution during a longer term employment, given the social security system extant in most countries. Such agreements would also make Indian companies more competitive since exemption from social security contribution in respect of their employees substantially reduces costs. Such bilateral agreements also provide for totalisation of insurance periods pertaining to both countries for determination of entitlement to benefits.

The Overseas Indian Community is estimated at over 25 million people spread across more than 110 countries. The community falls under two categories –the persons of Indian origin (PIOs) and the non-resident Indians (NRIs). The latter segment includes the various categories of overseas Indian workers such as unskilled, skilled, professionals and self-employed. Most of the low skilled Indian workers are concentrated in the Gulf region and Malaysia. Professionals and self-employed Indians are found mostly in developed countries like the EU member states, the USA, Australia, New Zealand, and Japan etc.

The future opportunities for overseas employment are considered high. At present about 54% of the population of India is in the age group below 25 years. By 2020 India will be the world’s youngest nation with a workforce estimated at 820 million as compared to 400 million today. On the other hand the population of most of the developed countries is aging. Obviously, for their sustained economic growth these countries would need a large emigrant workforce in future. This migration is likely to be of short to medium term duration with migrants returning to their home country after completing the employment period. India is likely to become a major source of migrant professionals due to its vast reservoir of technically qualified manpower in sectors like Information Technology, Engineering, Health, Finance and Management.

Akshay rout/vk
(Release ID :42929)

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