The term of the 14th Lok
Sabha will expire in the normal course on 1st
June, 2009. In terms of the constitutional provisions, a new Lok Sabha
is required to be constituted before the
2nd June, 2009.
In the course of assessment of the scheduling and phasing options
available for the general elections, the Election Commission of India held a meeting
with the representatives of all recognized National and State parties on 3rd February,
2009 to obtain their views on various issues connected with
the general elections. The Commission also held a series of meetings with the
Chief Secretaries, Directors General of Police and Chief Electoral Officers of
all States with a view to assessing the law and order situation, the requirement
of Central Police Forces (CPF) and to review the over all preparedness of the
election machinery in the country.
The conduct of General Elections in the entire country requires
considerable deployment of Central and State Police Forces. Mobilization, movement,
deployment and disengagement of these forces involve a complex exercise and detailed
home-work. Towards this, the officials of the Commission held detailed discussions
with the representatives of the Home Ministry in several rounds. The full Commission
had detailed discussions, on 6th February and 24th February,
with the Union Home Secretary and other senior officers of the Ministry. The Commission
also discussed with the Chairman, Railway Board and other senior officials about
the inter-state movement plan for the transport of CPF and other police forces.
In the process of finalizing the election schedule the Commission
has taken into account the schedules of school examinations, particularly the
Central and State Board examinations, to avoid holding elections during examination
period. Besides, polling stations are mostly located in school buildings. Hence,
the Commission had to factor in the examination schedules in various states before
finalizing the poll dates. In addition, various holidays and festivals during
the months of April and May, harvest season in certain parts of the country and
the inputs taken from the India Meteorological Department in respect of coming
monsoon have also been taken into account.
While deciding on the number of phases, number
of poll days for each state and the composition of the states and constituencies
that go to polls on a particular poll day, the Commission has taken various relevant
aspects into consideration. The views expressed by various political parties as
well as the State Governments have also been duly considered.
The Chief Secretaries and DGPs
of various states have pointed out the need for the deployment of Central Police
Forces to ensure peaceful, free and fair elections. The Commission has done a
detailed exercise to assess the existing deployment of police forces in various
states and the total availability of CPF for additional induction from outside
the state and the time needed to move them from one state to another. While doing
so, the Commission has also endeavored to minimize the crisscross movement of
CPF and State Armed Police (SAP) as far as possible, so that their poll day utility
The possible cross-border influences that could
affect the peaceful conduct of elections in the constituencies located at either
side of inter-state boundaries have been mapped and this aspect has also been
factored in, to the extent possible, while deciding on the phasing
and sequencing options.
DELIMITATION OF PARLIAMENTARY AND ASSEMBLY
The extents of Parliamentary and Assembly Constituencies in
all States (except Arunachal Pradesh, Assam, Jammu & Kashmir,
Jharkhand, Manipur and Nagaland) have recently been re-determined by the Delimitation
Commission set up under the Delimitation Act, 2002. By a Presidential Notification
issued on 19th
February, 2008, the Delimitation Orders of the Delimitation Commission
have been made effective from the same date in all the States, NCT of Delhi and
Union Territory of Puducherry (except the six States indicated above and Meghalaya
and Tripura). In respect of the States of Meghalaya and Tripura, the Delimitation
Commission’s orders took effect from 20th
March, 2008. Thus the present General Elections to the Lok Sabha for 499
out of 543 Parliamentary Constituencies in all the States, NCT of Delhi and Union
Territory of Puducherry (except Arunachal Pradesh, Assam, Jammu & Kashmir,
Jharkhand, Manipur and Nagaland) and to the State Legislative Assemblies of Andhra
Pradesh, Orissa and Sikkim will be held
on the basis of the newly delimited constituencies.
The electoral rolls of all States and Union Territories have been updated
in terms of the aforesaid delimited constituencies, with reference to 1.1.2009
as the qualifying date and have been finally published in all States and Union Territories. However, the process
of continuous updating will continue till the last date for filing nominations.
The total electorate in the country after this round of revision is
approximately 714 million compared to 671 million in 2004. This marks an increase
of 43 million in the electorate.
PHOTO ELECTORAL ROLLS
This would be the first time when the entire country, except
the three States of Assam, Nagaland and Jammu
& Kashmir, would be using the Photo Electoral Rolls. Out of 543 Parliamentary
Constituencies, photo electoral roll will be used in 522 Parliamentary Constituencies
as well as in all the Legislative Assembly Constituencies in Andhra Pradesh, Sikkim and Orissa. Photographs
of 82% electors are printed in the electoral rolls. This will prevent impersonation
and facilitate easy identification.
The Commission introduced the concept of Photo Electoral Roll
in 2005. This was tested as a pilot project
during the 2005 revision in all the constituencies of Kerala and Puducherry, 2
constituencies of Haryana and 1 constituency each in Himachal Pradesh and Punjab. On
the successful completion of the pilot project, the Commission took the decision
to conduct the 2009 general election to Lok Sabha using Photo Electoral Roll.
The intervening general elections to the Legislative Assemblies of Kerala,
Puducherry (2006), Himachal Pradesh (2007), Meghalaya, Tripura, Chhattisgarh,
Madhya Pradesh, Mizoram, Rajasthan, NCT of Delhi (2008) were conducted using Photo
ELECTORS’ PHOTO IDENTITY CARDS (EPIC)
As stated earlier, Photo Electoral Roll facilitates easy identification
of voters. However, in consonance with the past practice, the Commission has decided
that compulsory identification of voters will be made in the General Elections
to the Lok Sabha and three State Legislative Assemblies and in the bye-elections
to other Legislative Assemblies. Electors who have been provided with EPIC shall be identified
through EPIC only. Special drive
for issuing EPIC to the left out electors
has considerably increased the percentage of EPIC coverage throughout
the country (except Assam where the scheme
could not be implemented so far) which now stands at an average of 82%.
All the residual electors are advised to obtain their Electors’
Photo Identity Cards from the respective Electoral Registration Officers (ERO)
urgently. The CEOs have been asked to invigorate the EPIC preparation and distribution
campaign and enhance the coverage within next one month.
Presently there are 8,28,804 polling stations in the country,
as compared to 6,87,402 polling stations during 2004 Lok Sabha elections. This
marks an increase of 1,41,402 polling stations. This increase is largely due to
rationalization of polling stations, which the Commission undertook during 2008
and 2009. Of these, as many as, 12,901 new polling stations have been setup for
villages having less than 300 electors with a view to address concerns of threat
and intimidation to voters. Commission has undertaken an exercise of ‘Vulnerability
Mapping’ in all Constituencies to identify areas and voter segments vulnerable
to threat and intimidation and has endeavored to provide polling stations in the
vulnerable localities. Other considerations for making new polling stations include
the need to reduce the distance required to be traveled by voters, geographical
barriers such as rivers and hills etc. This exercise has been done in all the
districts in consultation with political parties.
The Commission, after taking into account all relevant factors,
has now finalized the Schedule for General Elections to be held in five phases
to constitute the 15th Lok Sabha. A summary of the Schedules is given at Statement-A.
An abstract of the schedules for all the States and Union Territories is given in two different
formats at Statement-B1 and B2. List of Constituencies for each
of the Phases is given at Statement-C.
Highlights of the Schedules are indicated below:
– GENERAL ELECTIONS-2009
OF STATES &UNION TERRITORIES
April, 2009 (Thursday)
April-2009, Wednesday for 1-Inner Manipur PC only)
May, 2009 (Thursday)
May, 2009 (Wednesday)
OF PHASES IN STATES AND UNION TERRITORIES
NO. OF PHASES
STATES AND UNION TERRITORIES
Jammu & Kashmir and Uttar Pradesh
Maharashtra and West Bengal
Andhra Pradesh, Assam, Jharkhand,
Karnataka, Madhya Pradesh, Manipur, Orissa and Punjab
Remaining 15 States and 7 Union Territories
Counting will take place on the 16th of May,
2009 and is expected to be completed on the same day.
The Commission has decided to forward its recommendations to
the President, for issuing five notifications calling upon the Parliamentary Constituencies
covered in each phase in the States and Union Territories concerned to elect members
to the House of the People. With this, the campaign days for the Constituencies
in each phase has been kept to the possible minimum.
GENERAL ELECTIONS TO LEGISLATIVE ASSEMBLIES
The Commission has taken into account the fact that the tenure
of the Legislative Assemblies of the states of Andhra Pradesh, Orissa and Sikkim
will expire on 30.05.09, 29.06.09 and 23.05.09 respectively. It is also conscious
of the fact that a new Assembly in Sikkim has to be constituted by 23rd
After taking into account all relevant factors, the Commission
has decided to hold elections for new Legislative Assemblies for these states,
simultaneously with the General Elections to the 15th Lok Sabha. Elections to
the different Assembly Constituencies in the States of Andhra Pradesh and Orissa
will follow the same Schedule as for the corresponding Parliamentary Constituencies
of which these are the relevant assembly segments. For elections to the
Legislative Assembly of Sikkim, the same schedule as far the corresponding
Parliamentary Constituency will be followed up to the date of counting and the
date before which the election shall be completed is 23-May-09. The Commission
has decided to forward its recommendations to the Governors of these three States,
for issuing Notifications (under Section 15 of the Representation of the People
Act, 1951), calling upon the State Legislative Assembly Constituencies to elect
members to the concerned State Legislative Assemblies, as per Schedule appended
hereto at Statement-D.
BYE ELECTIONS TO LEGISLATIVE ASSEMBLIES
There are a few casual vacancies in some Legislative Assemblies.
The Commission has decided to hold by-elections to the following seven Assembly
Constituencies which are listed below. Bye elections in these constituencies will
be conducted following the same schedule as for the relevant Parliamentary
NAME OF AC
ELECTRONIC VOTING MACHINES
The Commission has decided to use Electronic Voting Machines
in all the polling stations of the country as was done during the last Lok Sabha
Election in 2004. There are 13, 68,430 EVMs available in the country. First Level
Checking of these EVMs has already been taken up in all the states/UTs and has
been completed in many places.
As a measure to enhance transparency in allotment of EVMs to
different constituencies and polling stations, the Commission has introduced a
two stage randomization procedure– one by the District Election Officer involving
representatives of the recognized political parties, immediately after the first
level checking is over, for allotment of EVMs to different constituencies in the
district, and then again at the level of Returning Officer involving the candidates
or their election agents to randomly decide the specific polling stations in
which each of the EVM bearing unique identification number will be used.
MODEL CODE OF CONDUCT
Consequent on the announcement of the Schedule for the General
Elections through this Press Note, the Model Code of Conduct for the Guidance
of Political Parties and Candidates comes into operation with immediate effect
from today itself in the entire country. This will be applicable to all
political parties and to the Union and State and Union Territory Governments.
The Commission calls upon all the political parties, candidates and the Union
and State and Union Territory governments to strictly adhere to the Model Code
of Conduct, which is a unique document, evolved with the consensus of political
parties in the country.
REGISTRATION OF POLITICAL PARTIES
In terms of the existing policy of the Commission regarding
Registration of New Political Parties, processing of any fresh applications
filed hereafter for their registration would remain suspended with immediate effect
till completion of the election process on 28th May, 2009.
AFFIDAVITS BY CANDIDATES
All the candidates will be required to file two affidavits
along with their nomination papers. The affidavits will include information on
the criminal antecedents of the candidate, assets (including the moveable and
immoveable properties of the candidate, spouse and dependents), liabilities of
the candidate and his/her educational qualifications. The filing of the affidavits
is mandatory and its non-filing will result in the rejection of the nomination
paper by the Returning Officer.
As part of the efforts of the Commission to disseminate the
information contained in the affidavits to the citizens at the earliest, instructions
have been issued to the Returning Officers to display the copies of these affidavits
on notice-board and to make available, on demand, the copies of the affidavits
freely to other candidates, general public, media, etc. on the very day of filing
of affidavits by a candidate. The copies of these affidavits will also be available
in a compiled form with the District Election Officer concerned. Any individual
or any civil society organization desirous of obtaining this compiled information
can apply to the District Election Officer with a nominal payment towards copying
The Commission appeals to the citizens, the media and all the
interested parties to cooperate with the election authorities for the widest dissemination
of this information as contemplated in the directions of the Courts and the Commission.
ACCOUNTS OF CANDIDATES
It is mandatory under the election law for every contesting
candidate to maintain and furnish accounts of his election expenditure. Under
Section 77 of the Representation of the People Act, 1951 only the expenses on
account of travel of ‘leaders’ of political party concerned (whose names
are communicated to the Commission and the CEO of the state within the prescribed
period of 7 days from the date of notification) will be exempted from being included
in the account of expenses of a candidate. All other expenses –incurred/authorized
by the political parties, other associations, body of persons, individuals –are
required to be included in the account of the candidate.
The Commission has already issued detailed guidelines on the
manner in which accounts are to be maintained and submitted by the candidates
and it is incumbent upon them to maintain a daily account of expenditure and to
submit it to the Designated Officer/Election Observer three times during campaign
period. To strengthen the monitoring, the Commission will be taking special steps.
A cell comprising of experts drawn from Income Tax Department will also be set
up in the Commission to deal with information on poll expenses of the candidates.
The Commission has taken a serious note of the illegal use
of money power in elections and violation of expenditure norms in various manners
and has decided to track such incidents closely for follow-up action.
The Election Commission of India in recent years has initiated
various measures to streamline the process of voter registration. The Booth Level
Officer system has helped in enrolling the eligible voters and in detecting and
removing the names of the dead and shifted voters. The Commission hereby calls
upon all the registered voters of the country to participate in the voting process
and exercise their constitutional right to vote. Wider voter-participation will
make the democracy in India more vibrant and deepen its roots more strongly. The
Commission has directed the CEOs to take certain voter-friendly initiatives, like
voter help-line, voter assistance booths near polling stations, web-based search
facilities to locate the names in the voter list and so on. The Commission has
also issued guidelines to the CEOs to take special measures to facilitate voting
by the physically challenged voters.
The Commission recognizes and acknowledges the role of media
and civil society organizations in aiding the election machinery in the successful
conduct of elections. The Commission looks forwards to their total support and
feedback that could help mid-course interventions.
Elections in India in terms of its scale, magnitude and complexities
are the largest and most vigorous democratic exercise in the world. The Commission
is confident that all the stake-holders – the political parties, the candidates,
the voting public and the entire election machinery, will fully appreciate the
need for restraint and discipline to ensure free, fair and peaceful elections.
The time tested credibility of electoral system is our nation’s pride. The Commission
is fully committed and will strive hard to uphold and add strength to the deeply-rooted
democratic traditions of our nation.
(For more details please visit www.eci.gov.in or pib.nic.in/elections2009
Election Commission of India
Phalguna 11, 1930 /March 2,
(Release ID :48192)