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English Release 28-November 2014
Date Month Year
  • President's Secretariat
  • President of India condoles the passing away of Prof. Tapan Raychaudhuri
  • Speech by the President of India, Shri Pranab Mukherjee on the occasion of inauguration of the Institute of Neurosciences
  • Medical Institutions should inculcate a humanistic approach in the minds of young doctors and health professionals, says President
  • Speech by the President of India, Shri Pranab Mukherjee at the Annual Convocation of the University of Calcutta
  • President conferred D LITT/Law Degree (Honoris Causa) and Asutosh Mookerjee Memorial Medal by University of Calcutta
  • Min of Agriculture
  • Rabi Area Coverage as on 28.11.2014
  • Conservation of Indigenous Livestock
  • Development of Fisheries
  • Development of Dairy Sector
  • Proposal For New Insurance Scheme For Agriculturists
  • International Agreements for Cooperation in Agriculture and Allied Sectors
  • Shortfall in Production of Potato
  • Stagnation in Agricultural Production
  • Decline in Sowing of Oilseed
  • Revival of Agriculture Sector
  • Min of Chemicals and Fertilizers
  • False Reports on Increase in Prices of Drugs
  • Min of Commerce & Industry
  • Statement by Nirmala Sitharaman Regarding “India’s Stand In The WTO”
  • Proposals for Foreign Direct Investment
  • MoUs with Japan
  • India-Russia Forum on Trade
  • Task Force for Export Facilitation
  • Trade Along LoC
  • Special Economic Zones
  • Assistance to Coffee Industry
  • Import of Rice by STC
  • Curbs on Onion Trade
  • Tea Production
  • Facilitating Ease of Doing Business - Recent Initiatives Under Ministry of Commerce
  • Min of Comm. & Information Technology
  • Cyber Security Violations
  • Min of Consumer Affairs, Food & Public Distribution
  • Steps taken by the Government to contain prices of essential food items
  • Transportation of PDS foodgrains through waterways to reduce transport cost
  • Computerisation PDS to make the system more efficient
  • States gets another six months for implementation of national food security act
  • Measures to augment domestic availability of pulses
  • FCI has adequate storage capacity for PDS foodgrains
  • Min of Corporate Affairs
  • Pending Cases with Company Law Board
  • Violation of Company Act
  • Overhauling of Companies Act
  • Market Research and Analysis Unit
  • Min of Culture
  • Mahesh Sharma Inaugurates Exhibition of Pattanam Excavation
  • Min of Defence
  • Arnia Encounter : Army Eliminates Four Terrorists
  • Avinash Chander to Continue as DRDO Chief on Contract After Superannuation
  • Air Chief Dedicates New Pilot Selection System for IAF to the Nation
  • Visit by the Chief of the Air Staff Indian Air Force to Indonesia
  • Crash of Sukhoi-30 MK1 Aircraft
  • Unauthorised Construction on Defence Land
  • Torpedo Recovery Vessel
  • Strength of NCC Cadets
  • Cyber Security
  • Export Of Defence Equipment
  • Funds Spent Under Corporate Social Responsibility
  • Defence PSUs
  • Military Canteen
  • Chinese Incursions
  • Purchase of Apache Helicopters
  • Modernisation Of Ordnance Factories
  • Defence Land
  • One Rank One Pension Scheme
  • Defence Projects
  • Suicides by Defence Personnel
  • Border Roads Organisation
  • Pragati Missile
  • Export of Defence Equipment By DRDO
  • Aircraft Crashes
  • Private Participation in Domestic Aerospace Arena
  • Recruitment of Scientists in DRDO
  • Ministry of Finance
  • Growth in the Second Quarter of the Current Financial Year 2014-15 has Been Broadly on the Expected Lines: Finance Ministry
  • Competition Commission of India to Organise Two Day ICN Merger Workshop 2014 on International Cooperation and Remedies in Merger Review;Finance Minister to Deliver Inaugural Address
  • Varishta Pension Bima Yojana (VPBY) Launched; to Benefit Senior Citizens Aged 60 Years and Above
  • Limit Free Transactions Through ATMs in Six Metro Centres Only
  • Implementation of Goods and Service Tax (GST)
  • 1641 Companies Listed with National Stock Exchange: at Least One Women Director Required on Board Of Directors
  • India Signs Agreement with ADB of US$200 Million to help State of Punjab Strengthen its Finances and thereby help with Socio-Economic Development of the State
  • India Signs Agreement with ADB for a Loan of Us $100 Million to Support Kerala’s Additional Skill Acquisition Program; 2,35,000 Needy Students in Kerala to be Benefited under the Program during 2014-2018
  • Long Term Rural Credit Fund; to Provide Support to Cooperative Banks and Rrbs with an Initial Corpus of Rs. 5,000 Crore
  • Asian Infrastucture Investment Bank
  • Expenditure Management Commission
  • Security Features of Indian Currency
  • Introduction Of Plastic Notes
  • To Give Autonomy to Public Sector Banks (PSBS), The Work of Selection and Appointment of Statutory Central Auditors (SCAS) Delegated to Individual PSBS for the Year 2014-15 Onwards
  • Appointment of CMD and EDS in Banks
  • Printing Currencey Notes in Indigenous Papers
  • Electronic Mode of Payment
  • Monetary Policy
  • E-Biz Portal Launched for Providing Single Online Platform to Companies
  • Initiation of Economic Reforms by the Government
  • Min of Food Processing Industries
  • Losses in Agricultural Commodities
  • Investment in FPIs and Food Parks
  • Min of Health and Family Welfare
  • Healthcare Services in North-Eastern Region
  • Essential Drugs
  • Allocation of Funds Under NRHM
  • Financial Assistance for Health Sectors in the Country
  • Ban on Testing of Cosmetics on Animals
  • Funds Allocation for Strengthening Health Care System Under National Health Mission
  • Steps taken to Curb Adulteration in Food Items
  • Steps Taken to Modernise CGHS Centres
  • Decline in Death due to Rabies
  • Taxation on Beedis and Cigarettes
  • Setting up new AIIMS like Institutes under PMSSY
  • Universal Immunization Programme
  • Upgradation of Medical Colleges Under PMSSY
  • Min of Home Affairs
  • MoS (Home) Shri Kiren Rijiju meets Thai Interior Minister in Bangkok Shri Rijiju thanks Thailand for cooperation in apprehending criminals wanted in India
  • Charge of DG, CRPF
  • Min of Human Resource Development
  • District and Block Level Education Officers to be Awarded by NUEPA
  • Min of Information & Broadcasting
  • My Name is Salt: A Documentary on Plight of Salt Workers in Ran Kachh
  • There is no running away from Bollywood says famous ad film director Bauddhayan Mukherji
  • Corbo: An insight into separatist struggle of Quebec
  • Min of Labour & Employment
  • Lok Sabha Passes the Labour Laws (Exemption from Furnishing Returns and Maintaining Registers by Certain Establishments) Amendment Bill, 2014
  • Min of Law & Justice
  • Press Communique
  • Press Communique
  • Min of Petroleum & Natural Gas
  • MOU between India and Mozambique on cooperation in the field of Oil and Gas
  • Global crude oil price of Indian Basket was US$ 72.51 per bbl on 27.11.2014
  • Ministry of Railways
  • Round the Clock All India Security Helpline ‘1800-111-322’ for Train Passengers is Operational
  • Railways allow PPP in Computerized Passenger Reservation System
  • 3289 Coaches Manufactured by Railway Production Units during 2013-14
  • Religious Circuit Trains to Connect more Pilgrimage Places
  • Min of Road Transport & Highways
  • Shri Nitin Gadkari Inaugurates CEAI Seminar
  • Min of Statistics & Programme Implementation
  • ESTIMATES OF GROSS DOMESTIC PRODUC
  • Min of Textiles
  • Export of Textiles
  • Improving Working Conditions of Weavers
  • Min of Tribal Affairs
  • Vanbandhu Kalyan Yojana
  • Committee on Condition of Tribals
  • Min of Urban Development
  • ‘Rahagiri’ gets UD Ministry’s Excellence Award; Karnataka bags four of ten Awards of Excellence for urban transport initiatives; Shri Babul Supriyo calls for adoption of Intelligent Transport Initiatives
  • Do smart cities protect interests of children?
  • Ministry of Water Resources
  • Storage Status of 85 Important Reservoirs of the Country as on November 27, 2014
  • Planning Commission
  • 70.43 crore AADHAAR card issued
  • Measures for effective implementation PPP projects

Previous Date

 
Ministry of Environment and Forests06-May, 2010 14:12 IST
Know Instances of Patenting on the UES of Medicinal Plants in India

 

            Patents have been secured in USA, Europe and other countries on the uses of Medicinal plants from India, for e.g. on Azadirachta indica (neem), wound healing properties of turmeric (heldi), hypoglycaemic properties of brinjal, bitter gorud, etc. Use of these biological materials is already known in India. The Indian Patents Act, for which the Ministry of Commerce and Industry is the nodal Ministry, does not provide for patenting of plants and animals.

            Turmeric is widely used in India as spice, in medicines, cosmetics, and to heal wounds. US Patent Office (USPTO) granted patent (no.5,401,504) on wound healing property of turmeric in 1995 to two expatriate Indians. The Council for Scientific and Industrial Research (CSIR) challenged this patent on grounds of prior art, supporting their claim by documentary evidence of Traditional Knowledge (TK), including ancient Sanskrit text and a paper published in 1953 in the Journal of Indian Medical Association. USPTO upheld CSIR’s objections and revoked the patent in 1997. Revocation of turmeric patent is a landmark judgement as it was for the first time that a patent based on TK of a developing country was successfully challenged.

              Extracts from Azadirachta indica (neem) are used as pesticide, fungicide, in soaps, medicines, etc. European Patent Office (EPO) in 1994 granted patent (no.043257) to W.R. Grace and USDA for fungicidal properties of neem oil. In 1995, legal opposition filed against patent by an NGO and group of Indian farmers with the evidence that the invention claimed on patent was not novel. Patent was revoked by EPO in 2000.

Steps to Address  Biopiracy

     After subsequent instance of patents on hypoglycaemic properties of brinjal, bitter gourd, etc., Government of India decided in 1999 to develop easily navigable computerized databases of documented codified Traditional Knowledge (TK). A collaborative project on Traditional Knowledge Digital Library (TKDL) was launched between CSIR and Deptt. Of Ayurveda, Yoga and Naturopathy, Unani, Sidha and homeopathy (AYUSH), with the objective to prevent grant of “bed” patents on traditional knowledge (TK). TKDL is being developed on codified TK on Indian systems of medicines (i.e.Ayurveda, Unani, Sidha And Yoga).

    Nearly 8,05,000 Ayurvedic formulations, 98,700 Unani formulations, and 9,970 Sidha formulations have been transcribed in patent application format in five languages (English, French, German, Spanish and Japanese). For Yoga, transcription is to be initiated shortly. Access to TKDL database will be provided to international patent office’s under non-disclosure agreement for the purpose of search and examination by patent examiners. This would prevent grant of bed patents, and expensive and time-consuming invalidation procedures for such patent.

    In addition, the Biological Diversity Act enacted by Government 2002 provides for obtaining approval of the National Biodiversity Authority (NBA) before seeking registration of any patent based on biological material and associated knowledge obtained from India. The NBA also has the powers to take necessary measures on behalf of the Central Government to oppose the grant of intellectual property rights in any country outside India on biological resource or associated traditional knowledge obtained from India.

Agency  Granting of  Patents

Patent System in India is administered under the superintendence of the Controller General of Patents, Design and Trade Marks (CGPDTM). The office of the CGPTDM is a subordinate office of the Department of Industrial Policy and Promotion, Ministry of Commerce and Industry and comprises the statutory offices of Patent office, Trade Marks Registry and Geographical Indication Registry. The controller Generals Headquarter is located in Mumbai. There are four Patents offices in India with the head office in Kolkata and other Patents Offices at Chennai, Delhi and Mumbai. The Controller General, delegates his powers regarding various procedures for grant of patents to Joint Controllers and Deputy Controllers. Examination of patent applications is done by Examiners of Patents and Designs.

     The Patent Office has brought out a detailed Manual of Patents Practice and Procedure which provide information to the public and users of the patent system on the practice and procedures followed by Patent Office for processing of patent applications. The Manual also incorporate the provisions of the Patents Act, 1970 as amended by the Patents (Amendment) Acts, 1999, 2002 and 2005, and the Patents Rules 2003, as amended by the Patens (Amendment) Rules, 2006.

    The amendments to the Patent Act in 2002 and 2005 provide for mandatory disclosure in patent applications of the source and geographical origin of biological material, and traditional knowledge used in the invention. It also provides for pre- and post-grant opposition of applications and revocation of granted patents on grounds of non-disclosure or wrongful disclosure of source or geographical origin of biological resources and traditional knowledge.

KP


(Release ID :61511)

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