Jaitapur Nuclear Power Plant derived its name From Jaitapur lighthouse which is mentioned in many
international maps. Government of India has decided to promote nuclear power at
a large scale in view of rapidly rising demand for electricity, limited and depleting
fossil resources, environmentally benign and safe nature of nuclear power etc.
Accordingly, Government of India accorded its sanction in October 2005 to set
up the Nuclear Power Plant at Jaitapur besides three
Technical and Economic Reasons
for Selection of Jaitapur Site
The Site Selection Committee recommended setting up a
nuclear power plant at Jaitapur, based on the
suitability of meeting criteria like
which include availability of land vs. population density, available
source of cooling water , seismicity, safe-grade elevation at site (flood
analysis etc), environment aspects and proper access for transportation of
heavy/over-dimensional equipment to plant site. Along with these conditions and
based on some other considerations the Government approved Jaitapur
site for the establishment of the NPP.
The site selection for is carried out by
the Site Selection Committee, notified by the Government of India which selects
site for setting up a nuclear power plant,
revied various parameters as per the requirements
laid down in the code of Atomic Energy Regulatory Board and the laid-down
The Jaitapur site is not
considered earthquake-prone. As per seismic zoning map of Government of India, Jaitapur site falls within zone III. The longitude and
latitude of the land covered for Jaitapur nuclear
power project are given below:
Latitude of JNPP site: 16° 34’ 38” N to
16° 36’ 29” N
Longitude of JNPP site: 73° 19’ 02” E to
73° 20’ 48” E
As per the Atomic Energy Regulatory
Board (AERB) codal requirement, there should not be
any active fault within 5 km radius from the proposed site of an NPP. Further,
based on the studies carried out by various government institutes/ organisations, there is no active fault found up to 30 km
radius from JNPP site. Hence, the site is not considered earthquake-prone. This
is to further confirm that based on the available data of seismicity prevailing
in the geographical region, all the structures, buildings and equipments of
JNPP would be designed to qualify the “ground motion acceleration”
Benefits of the Project
The benefits of project are-
i) The project will augment electricity generation in the
country, in a benign and environment-friendly way, which is the need of the
Development of areas around project site.
Direct and indirect employment opportunities.
Contribution of National Power Corporation of India Limited (NPCIL) in social
and community development of surrounding areas, especially nearby villages, in
the field of education, health and infrastructure facilities.
Generation Capacity of JNPP
One unit of 1650 MWe
plant operating at full capacity shall generate 36-39 million units per day.
Presently, generation capacity of six units is 1650 MWe
capacity each. Evolutionary Pressurised Reactors
(EPR) from AREVA, France is under consideration of the Government of India.
Number of Reactor Units
There will be six reactor units of 1650 MWe each at JNPP. The distance between each adjacent
reactor unit is planned to be 250-300 meters.
Completion of Project
to 6 months’ time is required to declare commercial operation after completion
of construction. The time required for completion of each unit is approximately
six years from
the start date. Approximately all the six units of 1650 MWe
each will be constructed in a twin-unit mode in phased manner and implemented
in a period of 15-18 years.
Life Span of Each Plant
The guaranteed life of the proposed plant is 60 years.
Type of Fuel
This plant will be “PWR-type”, based on
enriched uranium fuel. Irrespective of the fuel type, all the safety guidelines
based on International Atomic Energy Agency (IAEA)/Atomic Energy Regulatory
Board (AERB) regulations are strictly adhered to by NPCIL to ensure that there
is no adverse effect on environment, health and life of people through air, sea
and land as a result of the operation of the NPP.The
uranium will be supplied by AREVA, France, which will be also supplying the
Source of Fresh Water
The fresh water requirement of the plant
units and the proposed residential complex of JNPP will be met from a
desalination plant facility installed by (NPCIL).