As per the Red Data Book of
International Union for Conservation of Nature (IUCN), there are 13 Critically
Endangered species of birds in India. Among animals, 34 species have been
identified in India as Critically Endangered in the class mammals, reptiles,
fishes and amphibians. The details are at Annexure.
Steps taken by
the Government to protect these species are as follows:
The Centrally Sponsored Scheme
'Integrated Development of Wildlife Habitats' has been modified in 2008-09 by
including a new component namely 'Recovery of Endangered Species' and 16
species have been identified for recovery viz. Snow Leopard, Bustard (including
Floricans), Dolphin, Hangul, Nilgiri
Tahr, Marine Turtles, Dugong, Edible Nest Swiftlet,
Asian Wild Buffalo, Nicobar Megapode, Manipur
Brow-antlered Deer, Vultures, Malabar Civet, Indian Rhinoceros, Asiatic Lion,
Swamp Deer and Jerdon’s Courser.
ii) Under the 'Recovery of Endangered Species' component of the
Centrally Sponsored Scheme ‘Integrated Development of Wildlife Habitats' Rs
377.7 lakhs for the recovery of endangered species
viz. Hangul in Jammu and Kashmir, Snow Leopard in Jammu and Kashmir and Uttarakhand, Vulture in Punjab, Haryana and Gujarat was
provided during 2008-09. During 2009-10, an amount of Rs 72.95 lakhs was provided for recovery of endangered species viz. Swiftlet in Andaman and Nicobar Islands, Nilgiri Tahr in Taml Nadu, Sanghai Deer in
Manipur and Snow Leopard in Arunachal Pradesh. During 2010-11, an amount of Rs.
184.052 lakh was provided for recovery of endangered
species viz. Vulture in Punjab, Swiftlet in Andaman
and Nicobar Islands, Snow Leopard in Himachal Pradesh and Jammu and Kashmir and
Hangul in Jammu and Kashmir.
Legal protection has been
provided to endangered wild animals and plants against hunting and commercial
exploitation under the provisions of the Wild Life (Protection) Act, 1972.
The Wild Life (Protection) Act,
1972, has been amended and made more stringent. The punishment
in cases of offences have been enhanced. The Act also provides for
forfeiture of any equipment, vehicle or weapon that is used for committing
v) Protected Areas, viz, National Parks,
Sanctuaries, Conservation Reserves and Community Reserves all over the country
covering the important habitats have been created as per the provisions of the
Wild Life (Protection) Act, 1972 to provide better protection to wildlife,
including threatened species and their habitat.
Financial and technical
assistance is extended to the State Governments under various Centrally
Sponsored Schemes, viz, ‘Integrated Development of
Wildlife Habitats', ‘Project Tiger’ and ‘Project Elephant’ for providing better
protection and conservation to wildlife.
The Central Bureau of
Investigation (CBI) has been empowered under the Wild Life (Protection) Act,
1972 to apprehend and prosecute wildlife offenders.
viii) The State Governments have
been requested to strengthen the field formations and intensify patrolling in
and around the Protected Areas.
The Wildlife Crime Control
Bureau has been set up for control of poaching and illegal trade in wildlife
and its products.
x) Strict vigil is maintained through effective communication system.
List of Critically
Endangered Bird Species of India
List of Critically
Endangered Animal Species (Mammals, Reptiles, Amphibians and Fishes) of India
This information was
given by the Minister of State for Environment and Forests (independent charge)
Shrimati Jayanthi Natarajan in a written reply to a question by Shri Laxman Tudu
in Lok Sabha today.