English Release 27-February 2015
- Vice President's Secretariat
- VICE PRESIDENT RELEASES HINDI TRANSLATION OF BOOKS BY LATE DR. NARENDRA DABHOLKAR
- Panchagavya Therapy
- Election Commission
- Bye-elections to the Council of States from various States.
- Min of Agriculture
- Sowing Area Under Rabi Rice and Summer Pulses And Oilseeds
- Online Agri Platforms for Sale of Agri Produce
- Malpractices in Cooperative Societies
- Decrease in Crops Sowing Area
- Dependence on Imported Pulses
- Infrastructure for Online Trading
- Fertility of Agricultural Land
- Setting up of Fish Brood Banks
- Production of Foodgrains and Fruits in Maharashtra
- Min of Chemicals and Fertilizers
- Steps Taken to Keep the Prices of P&K Fertilizers at Reasonable Rates
- No Proposal for Deregulation of Urea
- Min of Commerce & Industry
- 'Make in India' Programme
- Delhi-Mumbai Industrial Corridor
- Ease of Doing Business Index
- Ban on Import of Poultry Products from United States
- Boost to Leather Sector
- Min of Comm. & Information Technology
- TRAI issues draft Tariff Order prescribing framework for commercial interoperability of Customer Premises Equipment (CPE) in DTH services, for consultation.
- TRAI issues a draft Amendment to the Telecommunication Tariff Order, 1999 for revision of tariff regime for national roaming service for comments of the stakeholders.
- Min of Consumer Affairs, Food & Public Distribution
- Recommendations for Restructuring of FCI are Under Consideration of the Government
- National Food Security Act Implemented in Eleven States
- Steps to Ensure Better Targeting of Food Subsidies
- 612.91 Lakh Tons of PDS Foodgrains Allocated to the States During Current Year
- Rs 16,904 Crore Subsidy Released to the States for Procuring Foodgrains for Central Pool
- Damage in Central Pools Stocks Brought Down to 0.044%
- Min of Corporate Affairs
- National Company Law Tribunal
- Regulation of Salary
- Contribution to Political Parties
- Corporate Frauds
- Competition Commission of India
- Min of Culture
- Government accepts the resignation of Shri Mani Shankar Aiyar from the Chairmanship of Coordination Committee of Zonal Cultural Centres (CCZCC)
- Min of Defence
- Indian Navy Concludes Its Annual Exercise
- Participation of States in Republic Day Celebrations
- Ex-Servicemen Contributory Health Scheme
- Setting up of Technology Development Board
- Transportation of Arms and Ammunitions
- Aircraft and Helicopter Crashes
- Shortage of Articles in Army
- Procurement of Arms and Ammunition
- Production of Defence Equipment
- Road Projects of BRO
- Illegal Entry of Foreign Vessels
- To be Answered on the 27th February, 2015
- National Cadet Corps
- Development of Defence Industries
- Import of Defence Equipment
- Veterans Commission
- Export of Defence Products
- Submarine Construction Project
- Purchase of Fighter Aircraft
- Replacement of Avro Fleet
- Blacklisting of Companies
- Min of Earth Science
- Maldivian Minister Calls on the Minister for Science & Technology and Earh Sciences Dr. Harsh Vardhan to Discuss Issues Relating to Regional Integrated Multi-Hazard Early Warning Systems (Rimes)
- Ministry of Finance
- Dr. Kshatrapati Shivaji, IAS(MH:86) Appointed as Chairman and Managing Director, Small Industries Development Bank of India(SIDBI) on Deputation Basis for a period of Three Years
ED Investigation on Black Money
Recommendations made by the Shome Committee/Tax Administration Refroms Commission
- Rashtriya Swasthya Bima Yojana; Provides Health Insurance to Unorganized Workers Belonging to BPL Category and their Families
- Cut in Repo Rate
- Payment of Dividents from Public Sector Banks
- Improvement in Female Literacy and Educational Challenges
- Wiping Every Tear from Every Eye: The Jan Dhan Yojana, Aadhaar and Mobile Numbers Provide the Solution
- Major Reform Initiatives Undertaken by Government in Banking, Insurance and Financial Sector
- Economic Survey highlights the need for balance between ‘Make in India’ and ‘Skilling India’
- A Growth Rate of over 8 Per Cent Expected for the Coming Year
- Government Remains Committed to Fiscal Consolidation; Economic Survey says Enhanced Revenue Generation is a Priority
- Infrastructure Growth in terms of Eight Core Industries Higher than Industrial Growth since 2011-12
- India’s National Solar Mission Being Scaled up Five-Fold to 100,000 Megawatts
- India needs to create additional Fiscal Space: Economic Survey 2014 – 15
- Economic Survey Recommends Reform of Railway’s Structure, Commercial Practices, Overhaul of Technology
- Skill Development and Employment are major Challenges: Economic Survey
- Economic Survey 2014-15 Highlights
- The Fourteenth Finance Commission (FFC) will enhance Fiscal Federalism in India: Economic Survey 2014-15
- Government approves a Rs. 200 crore Central Sector Scheme for implementing e-platform for agri-marketing
Hyper-Growth in Tech start ups in India, says Economic Survey on Services Sector
- Services Sector Clocks Double Digit Growth
External Sector is returning to the path of strength and resilience: Economic Survey
- Inflation shows a declining trend during the year 2014-15 (April-December)
- Foodgrains production for 2014-15 estimated at 257.07 million tonnes; will exceed average food grain production of last five years by 8.5 million tones
- From Carbon Subsidy to Carbon Tax: India’s Green Actions
- Food Subsidy Bill stands at Rs. 107823.75 crore during 2014-15 (upto January, 2015), shows an increase of 20% over previous year
- Create National Common Market in Agricultural Commodities: Economic Survey 2014-15
- Revive public investment to improve investment climate: Economic Survey 2014 – 15
- Min of Health and Family Welfare
- Medical Facilities in Tribal Areas
- Mission Indradhanush will Provide Immunization Against
7 Life-Threatening Diseases
- Steps Taken to Reduce IMR and MMR
- National Deworming Drive Launched in 11 States
- Healthcare of Elderly People
- Health Research
- AIIMS Like Institutions
- Essential Drugs
- Stufies for Assessment of Health and Family Welfare
- Polio Eradication Programmes
- National Guidelines for Stem Cell Research and Therapy
- Evaluation of Accredited Social Health Activists (ASHA)
- Steps Taken for Prevention and Control of
- Min of Home Affairs
- Rajnath Singh calls for Promotion of Education with Scientific Temper and Skills
- Min of Law & Justice
- Press Communique Related to Appointment of Shri Justice Amitava Roy, Chief Justice of the Orissa High Court as the Judge of the Supreme Court
- Min of Personnel, Public Grievances & Pensions
- ACC Appointments
- Min of Petroleum & Natural Gas
- Global crude oil price of Indian Basket was US$ 59.19 per bbl on 26.02.2015
- Min of Planning
- The Government to continue the financial assistance to 88 districts for Left Wing Extremism Affected Districts
- Initiatives to improve the performance in infrastructure sectors
- Min of Science & Technology
National Science Day 2015
- CSIR Wins International Competition to Set up Wax Deoiling Technology at Numaligarh Refinery of BPCL
- Min of Women and Child Development
- 2774 adoptions during April-December, 2014
- 26.55% reduction in moderately/severely underweight children under ICDS between 2009-10 to 2013-14
- 887 Lakh rupees released to States/UTs for effective implementation of District Action Plans under BBBP programme
- An amount of Rs 12727 lakh for Child Care Institutions and Rs 915 lakh for Specialized Adoption Agencies allocated under ICPS during 2014-15
- Setting up of Special Juvenile Police Units under JJ Act, 2000
- A sum of Rs. 400 lakhs and a total of 24000 beneficiaries covered under the STEP Scheme till date during 2014-15
Ministry of Environment and Forests16-December, 2011 14:16 IST
|Suo Moto Statement in Lok Sabha by Minister of State for Environment and Forests (I/C) on Durban Agreements
|Following is the uncorrected text of a Suo Moto Statement made by Shrimati Jayanthi Natarajan, Minister of State for Environment and Forests (Independent Charge) in Lok Sabha today: - |
I rise to make a statement on the deliberations held in the United Nations climate change conference in Durban last week. The decisions taken in the Durban Conference have implications not only for the protection of global environment but also for sustainable growth in our country.
The climate change conference is held every year under the auspices of the United Nations Framework Convention on Climate Change and its Kyoto Protocol. The key aim of the Durban Conference, this year was to complete the ongoing work as per the Bali Road Map. At Bali in 2007, it had been decided that the implementation of the Convention will be enhanced by a series of steps on finance, technology, adaptation and mitigation. At the same time, it had been decided that the Parties to Kyoto Protocol will finalize their targets for second commitment period commencing from 2013.
The negotiations in the two tracks have been going on for the last four years. The Copenhagen Conference held in 2009 which had to finalize the targets for developed countries during the second commitment period failed to take the necessary decisions. The situation was partially retrieved at Cancun last year when some of the decisions relating to Bali Action Plan could be finalized and some Parties agreed to indicate their voluntary pledges for emission reduction. However, the decisions regarding the Kyoto Protocol could not be taken and all aspects of the Bali Action Plan were not fully implemented.
Durban Conference was held against this background. Operationalizing the Cancun agreements was one of its important tasks. This included work on the transparency arrangements for mitigation pledges and actions, setting up the Green Climate Fund, the Adaptation Committee, and the Climate Technology Centre and Networks. At the same time, it had to complete the unfinished work in respect of the Bali Action Plan and the Kyoto Protocol. It had also been agreed in Cancun that legal options will be explored in Durban to implement the relevant decisions in a legally appropriate form.
India has followed a clear, consistent and compassionate strategy to the climate change negotiations. Our stand in these matters has always been based on equity and the principle of common but differentiated responsibility. At Durban, we were also conscious of the fact that the term of the Ad-hoc Working Groups on Kyoto Protocol and Long Term Cooperative Action was coming to an end. We, therefore, considered it important that the decisions relating to the Kyoto Protocol and the Bali issues were concluded in Durban.
Against this background, I am happy to inform the House that the Durban conference has taken some important decisions in relation to these issues.
The Durban Conference has established the second commitment period for the developed countries that are Party to Kyoto Protocol. The targets have been decided through a decision in Durban. These targets will now be converted into actual emission limits in 2012 at the next session of the parties in Qatar. A time frame of 5 years till 2017 has been given to the Kyoto Protocol Parties for ratification of the targets and the emission limits.
This is a major achievement, considering the fact that this decision had been delayed by almost two years because of the insistence of main Kyoto Protocol Parties on a single and comprehensive legally binding treaty, to be negotiated first and made applicable to all parties of the Convention. Durban decisions have ensured that the only legally binding protocol under the Convention i.e., Kyoto Protocol will continue for another 5 years into its second commitment period till 2017.
Another major decision taken in Durban was to begin a process to negotiate on the future arrangements for enhanced actions under the Convention. This is intended to raise the ambition of all Parties towards the global goal of climate stabilization. The Durban Conference has decided to launch Durban Platform for conducting negotiations on the arrangements for a future protocol or a legal instrument or an agreed outcome with legal force, to be finalized no sooner than 2015 and to be implemented not later than 2020. The new arrangements will be designed under the existing Convention and will hence, be subject to the relevant principles and provisions of the Convention including the principles of equity and the Common But Differentiated Responsibilities (CBDR).
A new ad-hoc working group has been set up to finalise the details. The arrangements will be negotiated in the light of assessment of progress made by parties in implementing their commitments and actions as per the Bali Action Plan and the Cancun agreements. 5th assessment report of the Inter-governmental Panel on Climate Change (IPCC), the outcomes of 2013-2015 review and the work of the subsidiary bodies will be the basis of making assessment of the nature of arrangements needed.
The issue of an appropriate legal form for the future arrangements by 2020 was a matter of intense debate at Durban. As per the decision on Durban Platform, three options for the legal form of final arrangements were envisaged, namely: a protocol, a legal instrument or legal outcome. Some parties led, in particular, by the EU pressed for a form of agreement that should be legally binding on all Parties.
India has always believed that legal form should follow the substance. A legally binding agreement, by itself, is no guarantee for increased ambition or its implementation. Some Kyoto Protocol Parties have recently made unilateral announcements to renounce their legal obligations under the Kyoto Protocol. This is a clear pointer to the fact that a legal form is useful only as long as the party is willing to abide by it. Moreover, India has always taken a stand that India cannot agree to a legally binding agreement for emissions reduction at this stage of our development. Our emissions are bound to grow as we have to ensure our social and economic development and fulfill the imperative of poverty eradication.
Some Parties led by the European Union wanted to delete the option relating to ‘legal outcome’ which was originally mooted by India., We successfully resisted this pressures and in turn suggested a similar expression ‘agreed outcome with legal force’ which found acceptance with all the Parties. The post 2020 arrangements, when finalized, may include some aspirational CoP decisions, binding CoP decisions, setting up of new institutions and bodies, and new protocols or other legal instruments as necessary to implement the decisions covering various issues with various degrees of binding-ness as per domestic or international provisions of law under the Convention.
I must clarify that this decision does not imply that India has to take binding commitments to reduce its emissions in absolute terms in 2020. India has already announced a domestic mitigation goal of reducing the emissions intensity of its output by 20-25% by 2020 in comparison with 2005 level. This goal is relative in nature and allows India’s emissions to grow as the economy grows. Our National Action Plan on Climate Change is designed to meet this objective. Further steps to implement a strategy that will meet this domestic goal are being taken as part of implementation of the 12th Five Year Plan.
India ensured that the new arrangements in 2020 are established under the Convention. This will ensure that the principles and provisions of the Convention will continue to apply to the arrangements to be developed. India will negotiate the nature of agreed outcome strictly in accordance with the principle of equity and common but differentiated responsibility as provided under the Convention.
Further, the Durban decision mandates that the ‘outcome’ has to be agreed by all parties before it is implemented through legal arrangements having force. The decision allows India the necessary flexibility over the choice of appropriate legal form to be decided in future. This choice will be guided by our national development imperatives and the principles of the Convention.
We are fully conscious of the immense responsibility that the Durban decisions have now placed on us. It is of paramount importance that the issue of equity is brought to the centre-stage of negotiations in future. With this objective in mind, India had proposed at Durban that the issues of equity, unilateral trade measures and technology related intellectual property rights should be included in the agenda of the conference of parties.
I am happy to inform that the importance of the issue of equity has been recognized and the Ad Hoc working Group on Long term Cooperative Action (AWG-LCA) has decided to organize a workshop on the matter next year. The deliberations of the workshop will inform the outcomes on relevant issues under the working group whose term has been extended till December 2012. The importance of the other two issues has also been noted by the CoP and the issues are now part of the discussion text that is under consideration of the AWG-LCA for decisions in Qatar next year.
CoP-17 also took an important decision of establishing the Green Climate Fund, which will commence its operations immediately with an interim Secretariat and a Board. The Fund will help a large number of vulnerable countries in taking effective mitigation and adaptation actions. India played a facilitating role in ensuring that the Fund is established in Durban. Substantial progress was also made in relation to operationalizing the Adaptation Committee and the Climate Technology Centre and Networks.
India participated in the conference with an open mind and constructive spirit. Our primary objective was to protect India’s long term interest in the climate change negotiations. In this matter, we have been guided by the political consensus that has been the hallmark of our national position on the issue of climate change ever since this matter became a global concern decades ago.
Next few years will be a period of intensive negotiations on the future arrangements. We will continue to pursue a vision of the future that is rooted in the Convention and its principles. I am confident that the house will continue to share this vision of the Government and support the future steps that will have to be taken. I remain willing to be guided and advised.
KP/DB Climate Change Conference in Durban (16.12.2011)
(Release ID :78811)