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English Release 21-August 2014
Date Month Year
  • President's Secretariat
  • Rashtrapati Bhavan’s ‘In-Residence Programme’ to feature two artists and two writers in September 2014
  • Prime Minister's Office
  • PM at Nagpur
  • PM at Mouda, Maharashtra
  • PM at Ranchi
  • Cabinet Committee on Economic Affairs (CCEA)
  • Revision of Rates of Royalty and Dead Rent in respect of certain minerals (other than minor minerals, coal, lignite and sand for stowing)
  • Ministry of Finance
  • Exchange Rate of Foreign Currency Relating to Imported and Export Goods Notified
  • Text of the Speech of the Union Finance and Defence Minister
  • Min of Health and Family Welfare
  • No Ebola suspect case admitted today to Quarantine cum Isolation Health Facility at Delhi Airport
  • Government considering national, regional dental hospitals
  • Min of Home Affairs
  • DG, Border Guards Bangladesh calls on Union Home Minister
  • Home Minister to Review Flood Situation in Uttar Pradesh
  • Min of Labour & Employment
  • Central Advisory Committee on Beedi Workers Welfare Fund meets under the Chairmanship of Shri Narendra Singh Tomar
  • Min of Mines
  • Revision of Rates of Royalty and Dead Rent in respect of certain minerals (other than minor minerals, coal, lignite and sand for stowing)
  • Min of Minority Affairs
  • 15- Member Delegation from Ladakh Calls on Dr. Najma A. Heptulla
  • Min of Petroleum & Natural Gas
  • Global crude oil price of Indian Basket increased to US$ 100.32 per bbl on 20.08.2014
  • Min of Power
  • Prime Minister Dedicates to the Nation Mouda Super Thermal Power Project Stage-I (1000 MW)
  • Prime Minister dedicates 765 kV Ranchi-Dharamjaygarh-Sipat transmission line ; Initiates Commencement of work on 3x660 MW North Karanpura Super Thermal Power Project
  • Ministry of Railways
  • Commodity-Wise Freight Revenue Earnings of Railways goes up by 14.72 per cent during the Month of July 2014 & 9.30 per cent during April-July 2014
  • Min of Road Transport & Highways
  • NHAI Board Resolves Some Pending Finacial Disputes/Claims
  • Min of Social Justice & Empowerment
  • Minister for SJE reviews the implementation of Prohibition of Employment as Manual Scavengers and their Rehabilitation Act, 2013
  • Ministry of Tourism
  • India’s Tourism Sector resolves to Co-Create, Collaborate and Co-achieve
  • Full text of the Resolution adopted at the Second National Conference of Tourism Ministers
  • Full text of the speech of the Union Tourism and Culture Minister Shri Shripad Yesso Naik at the inaugural session of the State Tourism Ministers’ Conference
  • Ministry of Water Resources
  • Ministries of Water Resources and Environment & Forests to Work in Close Tandem for Ganga Rejuvenation
  • Min of Youth Affairs & Sports
  • National Sports Awards – 2014

Previous Date

 
Ministry of Health and Family Welfare12-January, 2012 15:13 IST
One Year of Polio Free India
India today has touched a milestone of being polio free for one whole year

 

India today has touched a milestone of being polio free for one whole year. The lone case of polio in 2011 was detected in a two year old girl in Panchla block of Howrah, West Bengal, with the onset of paralysis on 13th January 2011.

Acknowledging the commendable effort at polio containment, the Union Minister for Health and Family Welfare, Shri Ghulam Nabi Azad said “we are excited and hopeful, at the same time, vigilant and alert”. He cautioned that there is still no room for complacency and we need to ensure no case of polio infection for the next three consecutive years for India to celebrate eradication of poliomyelitis. The Minister noted that the progress is indeed remarkable considering in 2009, India with 741 cases accounted for nearly half the global cases. “This giant leap towards polio containment in a short span of two years is an endorsement of India’s tireless and persistent efforts. India has set an example with the highest level of political commitment to the programme which reflects in its resource allocation, continuous efforts to identify and reach out to the most vulnerable children with tailored strategies for maximum reach, optimum use of available vaccines under the guidance of top national and international experts, an extra-ordinary communication strategy and strong partnership”, he said.

In each National Pulse Polio Immunization round, 24 lakh vaccinators under 1.5 lakh supervisors visit over 20 crore households to ensure that the nearly 17.2 crore children, less than five years of age, are immunized with Oral Polio Vaccine. Mobile and transit vaccination teams immunize children at railway stations, at bus stands, market areas, construction sites etc. Around 50 lakh children are immunized by transit and mobile teams during every round in UP, Bihar and Mumbai alone. The polio campaigns during the rest of the year cover polio endemic states and other areas at risk of importation of poliovirus. 

India has as yet spent more than Rs 12000 crores on the Pulse Polio Programme. India took a lead in introducing bivalent polio vaccine (bOPV) in January 2010. Despite global shortage of both bOPV and trivalent Polio vaccine, India tapped domestic market for timely supply of vaccine to ensure pulse polio rounds without interruptions. The prorgamme has been in the forefront of adopting technological innovations. The more efficacious monovalent oral polio vaccines were introduced in the Pulse Polio campaigns in 2005 which helped curtail the most dangerous type 1 polio strains to record low levels by 2009. In 2010 the bivalent oral polio vaccine was introduced which helped curtail both Type 1 and Type 3 polioviruses simultaneously and as efficaciously as the monovalent vaccines.

The surveillance for poliovirus in India is among the most sensitive in the world. As many as 35,325 reporting sites across the county report Acute Flaccid Paralysis cases for collection of stool samples and testing in the laboratories for poliovirus. The progress also results from focused and tailored strategies to vaccinate children in the highest risk areas and helped ensure 99 per cent coverage in each vaccination round.

The strategies and program response has also become sharper in the last few years. As per the recommendation of the India expert Advisory Group on Polio Eradication, every case, anywhere in the country is being responded to as a public health emergency. The lone case of polio in 2011 in Howrah is an example of rapid response – with the first immunization round being held within seven days and three rounds in seven weeks. In contrast, a case the same time in 2010 in Murshidabad, saw the first immunization response in five weeks and three rounds spread over 17 weeks. The rapid and intense response in Howrah helped stop polio transmission and no other case was reported. The program is also a shining example of successful partnership and collaborative work – the strong technical support from WHO - National Polio Surveillance Project (NPSP), communication lead by UNICEF and advocacy by Rotary International. The entire government machinery at all levels is geared towards pulse polio immunization.

While India has made unprecedented progress, the threat of polio persists. India exported poliovirus to other countries in the past and is now at risk of poliovirus importation into the country through the same migration. The program now not only needs to continue to maintain its present thrust and force, but also further strengthen efforts and be more vigilant. The key challenge now is to ensure any residual or imported poliovirus in the country is rapidly detected and eliminated.

SBS


(Release ID :79524)

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