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English Release 28-August 2014
Date Month Year
  • President's Secretariat
  • LLB STUDENTS OF HOOGHLY MOHSIN COLLEGE CALL ON THE PRESIDENT

  • President’s greetings on the occasion of Ganesh Chaturthi
  • President to present National Sports Awards tomorrow
  • Vice President's Secretariat
  • Vice President Greets Citizens on Ganesh Chaturthi
  • Prime Minister's Office
  • PM launches Pradhan Mantri Jan Dhan Yojana
  • "Excited to meet PM Shinzo Abe": PM tweets in Japanese for the first time
  • Min of Chemicals and Fertilizers
  • Jan-Dhan Programme at Bangalore
  • Min of Defence
  • Flagging off Ceremony : NCC Girls Mountaineering Expedition 2014 to MT Rudugaira Peak
  • Ministry of Finance
  • Pradhan Mantri Jan-Dhan Yojana Launched by The Prime Minister; About 1.5 Crore Accounts are Expected to be Opened on the Day of the Launch ; Over 77,000 Camps Being Organized for this Purpose
  • Report on Public Debt Management for the First Quarter of 2014-15 (April-June 2014) Released
  • Min of Health and Family Welfare
  • New health policy to address health issues of young modern women
  • Min of Home Affairs
  • Eminent Freedom Fighters Committee to Meet at Port Blair
  • Min of Labour & Employment
  • Shri Narendra Singh Tomar to Chair National Consultation for Skill Development
  • Min of Personnel, Public Grievances & Pensions
  • ACC Appointment
  • Min of Petroleum & Natural Gas
  • Global crude oil price of Indian Basket was US$ 101.39 per bbl on 27.08.2014
  • Ministry of Railways
  • Arjuna Awards–2014 for Railway Sportspersons
  • Min of Road Transport & Highways
  • Cashless Treatment for Road Accident Victims
  • Min of Women and Child Development
  • Maneka Sanjay Gandhi Launches Pradhan Mantri Jan Dhan Yojana in Dehradun Along with its Nation-Wide Launch

Previous Date

 
Ministry of Home Affairs13-March, 2012 13:46 IST
Final Figures of Houselisting & Housing Census, 2011 Released
No. of Houses goes up to 33 Crore From 25 Crore
Use of Electricity for Lighting goes up by 11 % over 2001
The final figures of the first phase of Census 2011 known as Houselisting and Housing Census was released by Union Home Secretary, Shri R.K. Singh in New Delhi today. As per the Houselisting and Housing Census 2011, the census houses increased from 25 cr to 33cr. There is an increase of 6 cr census houses for residential and partly residential purposes. The data indicates that the housing gap has reduced. There is an improvement in the construction material used for roof, wall and floor. Thus there is a substantial improvement in the quality of housing both in rural and urban areas.

As regards amenities available with the households, 87% of households are using Tap, Tube well, Hand pump and Covered well as the main source of drinking water while 43.5 percent use tap water. Only 47% of households have source of water within the premises while 36% of households have to fetch water from a source located within 500 m in rural areas/100 m in urban areas and 17% still fetch drinking water from a source located more than 500 m away in rural areas or 100 m in urban area.

As far as Main source of lighting is concerned, 67% households use electricity which shows an increase of 11pt over 2001. The rural-urban gap has reduced by 7 percentage points from 44% in 2001 to 37%.

Other major highlights of Houselisting & Housing Census 2011 are :

- 58% of the households have bathing facility within the premises, showing an Increase of 22 pts over 2001.

- Around half of the households have drainage connectivity with two-third have the open drainage and one-third have the closed drainage.

- 47% of the households have latrine facility within premises with 36% households have water closet and 9% households have pit latrine. There is 11 pt decline in households having no latrine from 64% to 53% in 2011.

- 61% households have Kitchen facility with 55% within premises and 6% outside premises. Two-third of the households are using firewood/crop residue, cow dung cake/coal etc. and 3% households use Kerosene. There is an increase of 11 pts in use of LPG from 18% in 2001 to 29% in 2011.

- As regards mode of communication, there is an increase of 16% in television and a corresponding decline of about 15 pt in use of radios/transistors. Less than 1 out of 10 households have Computer/laptop with only 3% having internet facility. The penetration of internet is 8% in urban as compared to less than 1% in rural area. 63% households have Telephone/mobile facility with 82% in urban and 54% in rural area. The penetration of mobile phone is 59% and landline is 10%.

- In the modes of transport 45% of the household are having bicycle, 21% two wheelers and 5% four wheelers. There is an increase of 9 pt in two wheeler and 2 pt in four wheelers, with bicycle showing increase of 1 pt only. 59% of the households are availing banking facilities with 68% in urban and 54% in rural areas. The rural urban difference has reduced from 19 to 13 pt.

- 18% of the household do not have any of the specified assets.

Census of India 2011 was conducted in two phases. The first phase, called the “Houselisting and Housing Census” was undertaken a few months prior to the second phase termed as “Population Enumeration”. The objective of the Houselisting and Housing Census Operations is to identify each building/census house and also to ascertain the quality of the census house, amenities accessible to it and assets available to the households living in those census houses. The fundamental principle is to cover the entire country in a systematic manner without omission or duplication. The enumerator collects the required information by visiting each and every household and canvassing a written questionnaire called the Houselist and Housing Schedule. In Census 2011, a period of 45 days was given for this purpose. Every State/Union Territory chose this period in a time window starting April 2010 to September 2010 depending upon their convenience. Approximately twenty five lakh (or 2.5 million) enumerators and 2 lakh supervisors were engaged for this operation. The households were visited across the length and breadth of this vast country. What made the exercise even more challenging was the fact that the information was collected on 35 items and 1.5 crore Census Schedules were canvassed in 16 Indian languages. A truly gigantic exercise was accomplished with clock-work precision!

Each Census in India since the first one in 1872, has attempted to capture the socio-economic, demographic and cultural diversity of this vast country and present it through measurable indices. In this attempt, each succeeding Census has attempted an improvement over the previous one.

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