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English Release 30-August 2014
Date Month Year
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Ministry of Environment and Forests03-September, 2012 16:58 IST
Cleaning of Rivers

 

The Ganga Action Plan (GAP) was launched by the Government in 1985, for pollution abatement activities in identified polluted stretches of river Ganga and later expanded to include other major rivers under National River Conservation Plan (NRCP).  NRCP presently covers 40 rivers in 190 towns spread over 20 States. Pollution abatement schemes implemented under the plan include interception, diversion and treatment of sewage; low cost sanitation works on river banks; electric/ improved wood based crematoria, etc. Sewage treatment capacity of 4664 mld (million litres per day) has been created under the Plan. An expenditure of Rs.5343.06 crore has been incurred so far under NRCP, including the National Ganga River Basin Authority (NGRBA) programme, and the river-wise details are at Annexure.

 

Based on independent monitoring undertaken by reputed institutions, the water quality in terms of BOD (Bio-chemical Oxygen Demand) values for major rivers is reported to have improved as compared to the water quality before taking up pollution abatement works. However, the levels of bacterial contamination in terms of fecal coliform are reported to be exceeding the maximum permissible limit at various monitoring locations.

 

In light of experience gained in implementation of the river action plans since 1985, the river conservation strategy was reviewed by the Government. Accordingly, in February 2009, the NGRBA has been constituted as an empowered, planning, financing, monitoring and coordinating authority with the objective to ensure effective abatement of pollution and conservation of the river Ganga by adopting a holistic river basin approach.   

 

          External assistance from bilateral/ multilateral agencies is availed of from time to time by the Government for conservation of rivers.  Presently, the Japan International Cooperation Agency (JICA) has extended loan assistance of Yen 13.33 billion for Phase-II and Yen 32.571 billion for Phase-III of the ongoing Yamuna Action Plan (YAP) for pollution abatement of the river.  

         

JICA is providing loan assistance of 11.184 billion Yen for pollution abatement of the river Ganga at Varanasi.   World Bank is also providing loan assistance of US $ 1 billion for abatement of pollution of river Ganga under the NGRBA programme.  

 

 

          Conservation of rivers is an ongoing and collective effort of the Central and State Governments and this Ministry is supplementing the efforts of the State Governments in abatement of pollution in rivers under NRCP. Further, the Central Pollution Control Board and respective State Pollution Control Boards monitor industries for compliance with respect to effluents discharge standards and take action for non-compliance under the Water (Prevention and Control of Pollution) Act, 1974 and the Environment (Protection) Act, 1986.

 

          The above information was given by the Minister of State (Independent Charge) for Environment and Forests, Shrimati Jayanthi Natarajan to the Parliament today. 

 

 

ANNEXURE

 

Riverwise details of expenditure under National River Conservation Plan, including National Ganga River Basin Authority programme

 

 

S.No.

Name of River

Name of State

Rs. In crore

 

1,2

Adyar, Cooum,

Tamil Nadu

386.42

3,4

Beas & Satluj

Punjab

424.17

5

Beehar

Madhya Pradesh

1.69

6

Betwa

Madhya Pradesh

5.63

7

Bhadra

Karnataka

4.14

8

Brahmini

Orissa

2.51

9

Cauvery

Karnataka and Tamil Nadu

262.39

10

Chambal

Madhya Pradesh and Rajasthan

25.98

11

Damodar

Jharkhand and West Bengal

4.29

12

Diphu & Dhansiri

Nagaland

0.00

13

Ganga

Uttrakhand, Uttar Pradeh, Bihar, Jharkhand and West Bengal

1302.89

14

Godavari

Andhra Pradesh and Maharashtra

112.61

15

Gomti

Uttar Pradesh

468.40

16

Khan

Madhya Pradesh

39.56

17

Krishna

Maharashtra

21.95

18

Kshipra

Madhya Pradesh

17.32

19

Mahanadi

Orissa

8.04

20

Mahananda

West Bengal

44.32

21

Mandakini

Madhya Pradesh

0.00

22

Mandovi

Goa

13.50

23

Musi

Andhra Pradesh

336.85

24

Narmada

Madhya Pradesh

3.31

25

Pamba

Kerala

1.47

26

Ranmgqanga

Uttar Pradesh

30.92

27

Panchganga

Maharashtra

0.00

28

Pennar

Karnataka

35.94

29

Rani Chu

Sikkim

67.47

30

Sabarmati

Gujarat

95.08

31

Subarnrekha

Jharkhand

0.98

32

Tamrabarani

Tamil Nadu

54.26

33

Tapi

Maharashtra

0.00

34

Tapti

Madhya Pradesh

3.88

35

Tunga

Karnataka

2.60

36

Tungabhadra

Karnataka

6.22

37

Vaigai

Tamil Nadu

111.84

38

Vennar

Tamil Nadu

63.31

39

Wainganga

Madhya Pradesh

0.94

40

Yamuna

Haryana, Delhi and Uttar Pradesh

1341.50

 

Coastal Area (Puri)

Orissa

40.68

Grand Total

5343.06

 

MC/sk

 


(Release ID :87252)

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