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English Release 26-November 2014
Date Month Year
  • President's Secretariat
  • Quality-oriented education can transform India into one of the leading nations of the world, says President
  • Speech by the President of India, Shri Pranab Mukherjee at the Eleventh Convocation of Symbiosis International University
  • Deepen private sector involvement in education, says President
  • President of India condoles the passing away of Sitara Devi
  • Prime Minister's Office
  • PM's bilateral engagements on the sidelines of the SAARC Summit
  • Speech by the Prime Minister at the SAARC Summit
  • 26/11: PM salutes the bravery of security personnel who laid down their lives and reaffirms commitment to combat terrorism
  • Department of Space
  • Commercial Application of Space Technology
  • Achievements in Space Science
  • Min for Develop. of North-East Region
  • Balance of Trade in North-Eastern Region
  • Min of Commerce & Industry
  • Implementation of National Design Polic
  • Extension Of Validity Of Industrial Licences By DIP
  • Steps Taken To Improve Position In Business Index
  • Schemes for Promotion and Modernization Of Industrial Unit
  • Implementation of National Manufacturing Polic
  • Push To Manufacturing Sector
  • Doubling India's Share in Global Trade
  • Boosting Industrial Production
  • Signing Of FTAs
  • New Foreign Trade Policy to address slowdown concerns of exporters: Commerce Secretary
  • Min of Earth Science
  • Forecasting of Natural Calamities
  • Global Warming
  • Min of Health and Family Welfare
  • ‘Delhi Declaration’ at closing of PPD International Conference focuses on Youth to harness Demographic Dividend
  • Min of Home Affairs
  • West Bengal Protection of Interest of Depositors in Financial Establishment Bill for Presidential Assent
  • Releasing of Undertrials who have Served Half of Maximum Sentence
  • NSG HUBS
  • Identifying Citizens While Preparing NPR
  • Hoisting of National Flag Permanently in Connaught Place, Delhi
  • Floods in Jammu and Kashmir
  • Crimes Against Women and Children in Delhi and NCR
  • Rise in Overstay of Pakistani Nationals
  • No Output on ISIS trying to Gain Ground in Kashmir
  • Decline in Terrorism and Infiltration
  • Compensation to Victims of 1984 Anti-Sikh Riots
  • No Cap for receiving contribution under FCRA
  • Min of Human Resource Development
  • Improving Learning Outcome in the Country
  • Gender Sensitization on Campuses Across the Country
  • Providing Quality Literacy to All
  • Re-Structuring of UGC
  • Min of Information & Broadcasting
  • IDPA signs a 5-year contract with DD National to showcase documentary films from across the country
  • Directorial debut ‘ Ek Hazarachi Note’ enters competition category of IFFI, 2014
  • Role of Changing Technology in Cinema: A Discussion
  • Songs of the Bards of Bengal: The Bauls and Fakirs: An Attempt to Preserve the Tradition
  • Bodhon: An Experiment to Define Motherhood
  • Justice C.K.Prasad, Retd. Judge of the Supreme Court of India appointed as Chairman Press Council of India
  • Rituals can create an ‘Experiential sphere’ different from conventional audio-visual theatre says the award winning Sinhalese director IndikaFerdinando
  • Candles in the Wind: Struggle of Women
  • Film is a tool of Social Reform: Sabyasachi Mohapatra
  • Min of Micro,Small & Medium Enterprises
  • KVIC Exhibitions Outside India
  • Investment in MSME Run by Small Entrepreneurs
  • Cooperation with Cote D’ivoire in Sme Sector
  • Khadi Gramodyog
  • Min of Mines
  • Study for Exploration of Rare Earth Element
  • Mines and Minerals (Development and Regulation) Bill
  • Min of New and Renewable Energy
  • Balance of Trade in North-Eastern Region
  • Min of Overseas Indian Affairs
  • Rehabilitation Package for Migrant Indians
  • Emigration Fee
  • Min of Personnel, Public Grievances & Pensions
  • Public Grievance
  • Procedure for Communication
  • Representation of OBC/SC/ST in Higher Officer
  • Amending Rules for Safeguarding Women
  • Appointment of SPG Director
  • Min of Petroleum & Natural Gas
  • Increasing CNG Filling Stations in Delhi
  • Setting Up of Refinery in Rajasthan
  • LPG Connections in Rural Areas
  • Digitization of Files and Data
  • Global crude oil price of Indian Basket was US$ 76.91 per bbl on 25.11.2014
  • Ministry of Railways
  • Railways to Run Six Special Trains to Clear Extra Rush for Mahaparinibban Divas
  • Min of Science & Technology
  • Academy of Scientific and Innovative Research
  • Extension in Retirement Age of Scientists
  • Environment Friendly Technologies
  • Min of Shipping
  • Workshop on Integrated National Waterways Transportation Grid Inaugurated
  • New Mechanism of Collection of Light Dues for Container Ships
  • Min of Social Justice & Empowerment
  • Development of Persons with Disabilities
  • Benefits to Disabled
  • Development of Persons with Disabilities
  • Ramp Facility for Physically Challenged
  • Data on Mentally Retarded Persons
  • Min of Steel
  • Measures to Increase Steel Production
  • Mines Allotted to KIOCL in Karnataka
  • Min of Tribal Affairs
  • Jual Oram inaugurates Tribal Art and Crafts Mela Aadishilp
  • Min of Urban Development
  • Shri M.Venkaiah Naidu approves enhancement of Ground Coverage and FAR in Delhi
  • DMRC’s Revenues Exceed Budget Targets
  • Ministry of Water Resources
  • Uma Bharti will Review the Working of her Ministry on Weekly Basis
  • Min of Skill Development, Entrepreneurship, Youth Affairs and Sports
  • Text of Speech of Sarbanand Sonowal
  • Boxer Sarita Devi issue Discussed
  • Sarbananda Sonowal confers Arjuna Award 2014 to Boxer Manoj Kumar

Previous Date

 
Cabinet04-October, 2012 20:35 IST
Ratification of Nagoya Protocol on Access and Benefit Sharing by India

The Union Cabinet today approved the ratification of the Nagoya Protocol on Access and Benefit Sharing by India.

The Nagoya Protocol has been signed by 92 countries. Five countries have also ratified the Protocol. India signed the Nagoya Protocol on 11th May 2011. India is hosting the eleventh CoP to the CBD in October 2012 in Hyderabad. This gives us an opportunity to consolidate, scale up and showcase our strengths and initiatives on biodiversity before the world. As the incoming President of CoP-11, it is expected that India would ratify the protocol before CoP-11.

India is one of the identified megadiverse countries rich in biodiversity. With only 2.4 per cent of the earth's land area, India accounts for 7-8 per cent of the recorded species of the world. India is also rich in associated traditional knowledge, which is both coded as in ancient texts of Indian systems of medicines such as Ayurveda, Unani and Sidha, and also non-coded, as it exists in oral undocumented traditions.

The genetic resources and associated traditional knowledge can be used to develop a wide range of products and services for human benefit, such as medicines, agricultural practices, cosmetics etc. Much of the world's biodiversity is found in developing countries, and can thus contribute to their economic and social development,, and also create incentives for their conservation and sustainable use, thereby contributing to the creation of a fairer and more equitable economy to support sustainable development.

India is a Party to the Convention on Biological Diversity (CBD) which is one of the agreements adopted during the Rio Earth Summit held in 1992. One of the three objectives of the CBD relates to Access and Benefit Sharing (ABS), which refers to the way in which genetic resources may be accessed, and benefits resulting from their use shared by users with countries that provide them. The CBD prescribes that access to genetic resources is subject to national legislation. Accordingly, India after extensive consultative process had enacted the Biological Diversity Act in 2002 for giving effect to the provisions of the CBD, including those relating to CBD. However, in the near absence of user country measures, once the resource leaves the country providing the resources, there is no way to ensure compliance of ABS provisions in the country where it is used. Towards this, a protocol on access and benefit sharing has been negotiated under the aegis of CBD, and adopted by the Tenth Conference of Parties (CoP-10) held in Nagoya, Japan in October 2010. India has participated actively and contributed meaningfully in the ABS negotiations which formally started about six years back. The objective of the Nagoya Protocol on ABS is fair and equitable sharing of benefits, arising from the use of genetic resources, including by appropriate access to genetic resources and by appropriate transfer of relevant technologies.

India has been a victim of misappropriation or biopiracy of our genetic resources and associated traditional knowledge, which have been patented in other countries (well known examples include neem and haldi). It is expected that the ABS Protocol which is a key missing pillar of the CBD, would address this concern.

The Nagoya Protocol would also contribute to the other two objectives of the CBD relating to conservation and sustainable use, since benefits accruing from utilization of genetic resources would act as incentive to biodiversity-rich countries and their local communities to conserve and sustainably use their biodiversity.

***


SH/SKS   Cabinet Decision
(Release ID :88149)

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