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English Release 26-November 2014
Date Month Year
  • President's Secretariat
  • Quality-oriented education can transform India into one of the leading nations of the world, says President
  • Speech by the President of India, Shri Pranab Mukherjee at the Eleventh Convocation of Symbiosis International University
  • Deepen private sector involvement in education, says President
  • President of India condoles the passing away of Sitara Devi
  • Prime Minister's Office
  • PM's bilateral engagements on the sidelines of the SAARC Summit
  • Speech by the Prime Minister at the SAARC Summit
  • 26/11: PM salutes the bravery of security personnel who laid down their lives and reaffirms commitment to combat terrorism
  • Department of Space
  • Commercial Application of Space Technology
  • Achievements in Space Science
  • Min for Develop. of North-East Region
  • Balance of Trade in North-Eastern Region
  • Min of Commerce & Industry
  • Implementation of National Design Polic
  • Extension Of Validity Of Industrial Licences By DIP
  • Steps Taken To Improve Position In Business Index
  • Schemes for Promotion and Modernization Of Industrial Unit
  • Implementation of National Manufacturing Polic
  • Push To Manufacturing Sector
  • Doubling India's Share in Global Trade
  • Boosting Industrial Production
  • Signing Of FTAs
  • New Foreign Trade Policy to address slowdown concerns of exporters: Commerce Secretary
  • Min of Earth Science
  • Forecasting of Natural Calamities
  • Global Warming
  • Min of Health and Family Welfare
  • ‘Delhi Declaration’ at closing of PPD International Conference focuses on Youth to harness Demographic Dividend
  • Min of Home Affairs
  • West Bengal Protection of Interest of Depositors in Financial Establishment Bill for Presidential Assent
  • Releasing of Undertrials who have Served Half of Maximum Sentence
  • NSG HUBS
  • Identifying Citizens While Preparing NPR
  • Hoisting of National Flag Permanently in Connaught Place, Delhi
  • Floods in Jammu and Kashmir
  • Crimes Against Women and Children in Delhi and NCR
  • Rise in Overstay of Pakistani Nationals
  • No Output on ISIS trying to Gain Ground in Kashmir
  • Decline in Terrorism and Infiltration
  • Compensation to Victims of 1984 Anti-Sikh Riots
  • No Cap for receiving contribution under FCRA
  • Min of Human Resource Development
  • Improving Learning Outcome in the Country
  • Gender Sensitization on Campuses Across the Country
  • Providing Quality Literacy to All
  • Re-Structuring of UGC
  • Min of Information & Broadcasting
  • IDPA signs a 5-year contract with DD National to showcase documentary films from across the country
  • Directorial debut ‘ Ek Hazarachi Note’ enters competition category of IFFI, 2014
  • Role of Changing Technology in Cinema: A Discussion
  • Songs of the Bards of Bengal: The Bauls and Fakirs: An Attempt to Preserve the Tradition
  • Bodhon: An Experiment to Define Motherhood
  • Justice C.K.Prasad, Retd. Judge of the Supreme Court of India appointed as Chairman Press Council of India
  • Rituals can create an ‘Experiential sphere’ different from conventional audio-visual theatre says the award winning Sinhalese director IndikaFerdinando
  • Candles in the Wind: Struggle of Women
  • Film is a tool of Social Reform: Sabyasachi Mohapatra
  • Min of Micro,Small & Medium Enterprises
  • KVIC Exhibitions Outside India
  • Investment in MSME Run by Small Entrepreneurs
  • Cooperation with Cote D’ivoire in Sme Sector
  • Khadi Gramodyog
  • Min of Mines
  • Study for Exploration of Rare Earth Element
  • Mines and Minerals (Development and Regulation) Bill
  • Min of New and Renewable Energy
  • Balance of Trade in North-Eastern Region
  • Min of Overseas Indian Affairs
  • Rehabilitation Package for Migrant Indians
  • Emigration Fee
  • Min of Personnel, Public Grievances & Pensions
  • Public Grievance
  • Procedure for Communication
  • Representation of OBC/SC/ST in Higher Officer
  • Amending Rules for Safeguarding Women
  • Appointment of SPG Director
  • Min of Petroleum & Natural Gas
  • Increasing CNG Filling Stations in Delhi
  • Setting Up of Refinery in Rajasthan
  • LPG Connections in Rural Areas
  • Digitization of Files and Data
  • Global crude oil price of Indian Basket was US$ 76.91 per bbl on 25.11.2014
  • Ministry of Railways
  • Railways to Run Six Special Trains to Clear Extra Rush for Mahaparinibban Divas
  • Min of Science & Technology
  • Academy of Scientific and Innovative Research
  • Extension in Retirement Age of Scientists
  • Environment Friendly Technologies
  • Min of Shipping
  • Workshop on Integrated National Waterways Transportation Grid Inaugurated
  • New Mechanism of Collection of Light Dues for Container Ships
  • Min of Social Justice & Empowerment
  • Development of Persons with Disabilities
  • Benefits to Disabled
  • Development of Persons with Disabilities
  • Ramp Facility for Physically Challenged
  • Data on Mentally Retarded Persons
  • Min of Steel
  • Measures to Increase Steel Production
  • Mines Allotted to KIOCL in Karnataka
  • Min of Tribal Affairs
  • Jual Oram inaugurates Tribal Art and Crafts Mela Aadishilp
  • Min of Urban Development
  • Shri M.Venkaiah Naidu approves enhancement of Ground Coverage and FAR in Delhi
  • DMRC’s Revenues Exceed Budget Targets
  • Ministry of Water Resources
  • Uma Bharti will Review the Working of her Ministry on Weekly Basis
  • Min of Skill Development, Entrepreneurship, Youth Affairs and Sports
  • Text of Speech of Sarbanand Sonowal
  • Boxer Sarita Devi issue Discussed
  • Sarbananda Sonowal confers Arjuna Award 2014 to Boxer Manoj Kumar

Previous Date

 
Ministry of Health and Family Welfare11-December, 2012 12:23 IST
Disparity in Under-Five Mortalityrates

As per Office of Registrar General of India SRS 2010 report, Rural Under-five mortality rate is 66 per 1000 live births whereas urban under-five mortality rate is 38 per 1000 live births.

 

The possible reasons for higher under-five mortality rate in rural areas are lack of awareness, poor health seeking behaviour, inappropriate child care practices and inadequate access to quality health services.

 

Under NRHM, higher financial resources are being  provided to States and districts with weak health indicators.  Further,  the following interventions under RCH progamme under National Rural Health Mission (NRHM),  are being implemented to reduce U5 MR in rural areas:

 

1)         Promotion of Institutional Delivery through JananiSurakshaYojana (JSY) and JananiShishuSurakshaKaryakram (JSSK): Promoting Institutional delivery to ensure skilled birth attendance is key to reducing both maternal and neo-natal mortality. JSY incentivizes pregnant women to opt for institutional delivery and provides for cash assistance. JSSK entitles all pregnant women to absolutely free and zero expense delivery including caesarean section operation in Government health facilities and provides for free to and fro transport, food, drugs and diagnostics. Similar entitlements have also been put in place for sick neonates.

 

2)         Strengthening Facility based newborn care: Newborn care corners (NBCC) are being set up at all health facilities where deliveries take place to provide essential newborn care at birth to all new born babies; Special New Born Care Units (SNCUs) at District Hospitals and New Born Stabilization Units (NBSUs) at FRUs are being set up for the care of sick newborn. As on date 399 SNCUs, 1542 NBSUs and 11508 NBCCs are functional across the country.

 

3)         Home Based Newborn Care (HBNC):  Home based newborn care through ASHA has recently been initiated to improve new born care practices at the community level and for early detection and referral of sick new born babies. The schedule of home visits by ASHA consists of at least 6 visits in case of institutional deliveries, on days 3, 7, 14, 21, 28 & 42nd days and one additional visit within 24 hours of delivery in case of home deliveries. Additional visits will be made for babies who are pre-term, low birth weight or ill.

 

4)         Capacity building of health care providers: Various trainings are being conducted to build and upgrade the skills of doctors, nurses and ANMs for early diagnosis and case management of common ailments of children and care of newborn at time of birth. These trainings include Integrated Management of Neo-natal and Childhood Illness(IMINCI) and NavjaatShishuSurakshtaKaryakaram (NSSK). A total of 5.5 lakh health care workers have been trained in IMNCI in 471districts and 88,428 health workers trained in NSSK so far.

5) Management of Malnutrition: Emphasis is being laid on reduction of malnutrition which is an important underlying cause of child mortality. 594 Nutritional Rehabilitation Centres have been established for management of Severe Acute Malnutrition (SAM).  Iron and Folic Acid is also provided to children for prevention of anaemia. Recently, weekly Iron and Folic Acid is proposed to be initiated for adolescent population. As breastfeeding reduces infant mortality, exclusive breastfeeding for first six months and appropriate infant and young child feeding practices are being promoted in convergence with Ministry of Woman and Child Development.

 

6)         Village Health and Nutrition Days (VHNDs) are also being organized for imparting nutritional counseling to mothers and to improve child care practices.

 

7)         Universal Immunization Program (UIP): Vaccination against seven diseases is provided to all children under UIP. Government of India supports the vaccine program by supply of vaccines and syringes, cold chain equipments and provision of operational costs. UIP targets to immunize 2.7 crore infants against seven vaccine preventable diseases every year. 21 states with more than 80% coverage have incorporated second dose of Measles in their immunization program.  Pentavalent vaccine has been introduced in two states of Kerala and Tamil Nadu and proposed to be scaled up in six more states. Year 2012-13 has been declared as ‘Year of intensification of Routine Immunization’.

 

8)         Mother and Child Tracking System: A name based Mother and Child Tracking System has been put in place which is web based to enable tracking of all pregnant women and newborns so as to monitor and ensure that complete services are provided to them. States are encouraged to send SMS alerts to beneficiaries reminding them of the dates on which services are due and generate beneficiary-wise due list of services with due dates for ANMs on a weekly basis.

 

This information was given by Minister for Health & Family Welfare Shri Ghulam Nabi Azad in written reply to a question in the Rajya Sabha today.

BN/HB/AS

 

 

 

 


(Release ID :90342)

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