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English Release 31-July 2014
Date Month Year
  • President's Secretariat
  • Envoys of Five Nations present credentials to President of India
  • President of India to visit West Bengal and Telangana on August 1 and 2, 2014

  • Prime Minister's Office
  • PM accepts Shri Nehchal Sandhu's resignation as Deputy NSA with regret
  • Goswami Indira Beti ji calls on PM
  • Chairman, Suzuki Motor Corporation, calls on PM
  • PM highlights Finance Ministry's move to seek creative inputs for the Government's initiative on financial inclusion
  • PM writes to Afghan President
  • Department of Space
  • Indigenous Production of Cryogenic Engine
  • Technical Problems of GSLV
  • Min of Coal
  • Production of Coal
  • Increase in Coal Production
  • Loss of CIL from Underground Mines
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  • Nirmala Sitharaman Meets Penny Pritzker
  • Index of Eight Core Industries (Base: 2004-05=100), June, 2014
  • Min of Defence
  • Celebration of Army Hospital (R&R) Foundation Day
  • Relinquishing of Command by Gen Bikram Singh
  • VLF Transmitting Station Commissioned at Tamil Nadu
  • Min of Earth Science
  • Low Temperature Thermal Desalination Technology Plant
  • Min of External Affairs
  • Third India-Africa Forum Summit
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  • Meeting of Nepal-India Joint Commission
  • Indian Fishermen in Foreign Custody
  • Boosting of Bilateral Ties with China
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  • Government to Launch A New Program of Financial Inclusion in Mission Mode to Provide Households with Facilities of Savings, Credit, Remittances, Insurance and Pension: FM
  • Clarification Regarding Acquisition and Transfer of Immovable Property in India by Foreign Nationals
  • Min of Home Affairs
  • Visit of Union Home Minister to Malin Village in Pune
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  • Shri Narendra Singh Tomar Chairs 162nd Meeting of ESI Corporation
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  • Installation of Solar Panels on Roof Tops
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  • India and Nepal discuss issues of bilateral engagement in the oil and gas sector
  • Petroleum Minister calls upon the OMCs to pool their resources, technologies, experiences and best practices to be better prepared for the challenges of the future
  • Global crude oil price of Indian Basket decreased to US$ 106.12 per bbl on 30.07.2014
  • Min of Power
  • Equity Fund for Power Sector
  • Acquisition of Coal Mines Overseas
  • Amendment in Electricity Act, 2003
  • Ministry of Railways
  • Rs. 73,392 crore will be an Estimated Completion Cost of Railways’ Two Dedicated Freight Corridors, Excluding Sonnagar-Dankuni Section
  • Railways Plan to Provide wi-fi Facility at Major Stations and in Important Trains
  • Railways to Install 5000 more Automatic Ticket Vending Machines at Stations
  • Railways to Provide Rail Connectivity to all Capitals of North Eastern Region
  • Min of Road Transport & Highways
  • Toll Tax
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  • Dr. jitendra Singh Felicitates 18 Children Scientists for their Accomplishment at the International Science & Engineering Fair-Los Angeles, USA
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  • Non-Implementation of Special Component Plan
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  • Average Annual Water Availability for the Country has been Assessed as 1869 Billion Cubic Meters
  • Rs. 4680 crore Incurred on National River Conservation Plan
  • 17300 Exploratory Wells Constructed in Rain Deficient Regions
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  • Rs. 6235 Crore Earmarked for Restoration of 10,000 Water Bodies
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  • Three Proposals from States Included Under AIBP

  • Min of Women and Child Development
  • Smt Maneka Gandhi Meets Bankers to Find Ways to Improve Micro-Finance for Women
  • NRI Prospective Adoptive Parents to be Treated at Par with Resident Indians in the Proposed Revision of JJ Act
  • Financial Norms for ICPS Revised to Enhance the Quality of Services
  • Vacancy Position in Anganwadi Centres
  • Min of Youth Affairs & Sports
  • India won 4 Silver and 1 Bronze on day 7 of CWG 2014

Previous Date

 
Ministry of Health and Family Welfare11-December, 2012 12:23 IST
Disparity in Under-Five Mortalityrates

As per Office of Registrar General of India SRS 2010 report, Rural Under-five mortality rate is 66 per 1000 live births whereas urban under-five mortality rate is 38 per 1000 live births.

 

The possible reasons for higher under-five mortality rate in rural areas are lack of awareness, poor health seeking behaviour, inappropriate child care practices and inadequate access to quality health services.

 

Under NRHM, higher financial resources are being  provided to States and districts with weak health indicators.  Further,  the following interventions under RCH progamme under National Rural Health Mission (NRHM),  are being implemented to reduce U5 MR in rural areas:

 

1)         Promotion of Institutional Delivery through JananiSurakshaYojana (JSY) and JananiShishuSurakshaKaryakram (JSSK): Promoting Institutional delivery to ensure skilled birth attendance is key to reducing both maternal and neo-natal mortality. JSY incentivizes pregnant women to opt for institutional delivery and provides for cash assistance. JSSK entitles all pregnant women to absolutely free and zero expense delivery including caesarean section operation in Government health facilities and provides for free to and fro transport, food, drugs and diagnostics. Similar entitlements have also been put in place for sick neonates.

 

2)         Strengthening Facility based newborn care: Newborn care corners (NBCC) are being set up at all health facilities where deliveries take place to provide essential newborn care at birth to all new born babies; Special New Born Care Units (SNCUs) at District Hospitals and New Born Stabilization Units (NBSUs) at FRUs are being set up for the care of sick newborn. As on date 399 SNCUs, 1542 NBSUs and 11508 NBCCs are functional across the country.

 

3)         Home Based Newborn Care (HBNC):  Home based newborn care through ASHA has recently been initiated to improve new born care practices at the community level and for early detection and referral of sick new born babies. The schedule of home visits by ASHA consists of at least 6 visits in case of institutional deliveries, on days 3, 7, 14, 21, 28 & 42nd days and one additional visit within 24 hours of delivery in case of home deliveries. Additional visits will be made for babies who are pre-term, low birth weight or ill.

 

4)         Capacity building of health care providers: Various trainings are being conducted to build and upgrade the skills of doctors, nurses and ANMs for early diagnosis and case management of common ailments of children and care of newborn at time of birth. These trainings include Integrated Management of Neo-natal and Childhood Illness(IMINCI) and NavjaatShishuSurakshtaKaryakaram (NSSK). A total of 5.5 lakh health care workers have been trained in IMNCI in 471districts and 88,428 health workers trained in NSSK so far.

5) Management of Malnutrition: Emphasis is being laid on reduction of malnutrition which is an important underlying cause of child mortality. 594 Nutritional Rehabilitation Centres have been established for management of Severe Acute Malnutrition (SAM).  Iron and Folic Acid is also provided to children for prevention of anaemia. Recently, weekly Iron and Folic Acid is proposed to be initiated for adolescent population. As breastfeeding reduces infant mortality, exclusive breastfeeding for first six months and appropriate infant and young child feeding practices are being promoted in convergence with Ministry of Woman and Child Development.

 

6)         Village Health and Nutrition Days (VHNDs) are also being organized for imparting nutritional counseling to mothers and to improve child care practices.

 

7)         Universal Immunization Program (UIP): Vaccination against seven diseases is provided to all children under UIP. Government of India supports the vaccine program by supply of vaccines and syringes, cold chain equipments and provision of operational costs. UIP targets to immunize 2.7 crore infants against seven vaccine preventable diseases every year. 21 states with more than 80% coverage have incorporated second dose of Measles in their immunization program.  Pentavalent vaccine has been introduced in two states of Kerala and Tamil Nadu and proposed to be scaled up in six more states. Year 2012-13 has been declared as ‘Year of intensification of Routine Immunization’.

 

8)         Mother and Child Tracking System: A name based Mother and Child Tracking System has been put in place which is web based to enable tracking of all pregnant women and newborns so as to monitor and ensure that complete services are provided to them. States are encouraged to send SMS alerts to beneficiaries reminding them of the dates on which services are due and generate beneficiary-wise due list of services with due dates for ANMs on a weekly basis.

 

This information was given by Minister for Health & Family Welfare Shri Ghulam Nabi Azad in written reply to a question in the Rajya Sabha today.

BN/HB/AS

 

 

 

 


(Release ID :90342)

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