The Prime Minister Dr. Manmohan
Singh, unveiled the Science, Technology and Innovation Policy (STI) 2013 by
presenting its first copy to the President of India Shri Pranab
Mukerjee at the
inaugural session of the Centenary session of the Indian Science Congress at Kolkatta
The STI Policy seeks to send a signal to the Indian
scientific community, both in the private and public domain, that science,
technology and innovation should focus on faster, sustainable and inclusive
development of the people. The policy seeks to focus on both STI
for people and people for STI. It aims to bring all the benefits of
Science, Technology & Innovation to the national development and
sustainable and more inclusive growth. It seeks the right sizing of the gross
expenditure on research and development by encouraging and incentivizing
private sector participation in R & D, technology and innovation
The policy also seeks to trigger an ecosystem for
innovative abilities to flourish by leveraging partnerships among diverse
stakeholders and by encouraging and facilitating enterprises to invest in
innovations. It also seeks to bring in mechanisms for achieving gender parity
in STI activities and gaining global competitiveness in select technological
areas through international cooperation and alliances. The policy goal is to
accelerate the pace of discovery, diffusion and delivery of science led
solutions for serving the aspirational goals of India for
faster, sustainable and inclusive growth. A Strong and viable
Science, Research and Innovation system for High Technology led path for India
(SRISHTI) are the goal for the STI policy.
The Key features of the STI policy 2013 are
v . Promoting the spread of scientific temper amongst all sections of
skills for applications of science among the young from all social sectors.
v Making careers
in science, research and innovation attractive enough for talented and bright
world class infrastructure for R&D for gaining global leadership in some
select frontier areas of science.
India among the top five global scientific powers by 2020(by increasing the
share of global scientific publications from 3.5% to over 7% and quadrupling
the number of papers in top 1% journals from the current levels).
contributions of Science Research and innovation system with the inclusive
economic growth agenda and combining
priorities of excellence and relevance.
v Creating an
environment for enhanced private sector participation in R &D.
conversion of R & D output with societal and commercial applications by
replicating hitherto successful models, as well as establishing of new PPP
S&T based high risk innovation through new mechanisms.
resource optimized cost-effective innovation across size and technology
in the mindset & value systems to recognize respect and
reward performances which create wealth from S&T derived knowledge.
v Creating a
robust national innovation system.
Aspirations of the Policy
The main aspirational
elements of the STI policy are:
Gross Expenditure in Research and Development (GERD) to 2% from the present 1%
of the GDP in this decade by encouraging enhanced private sector contribution.
v Increasing the
number of Full Time Equivalent (FTE) of R&D personnel in India by at
least 66% of the present strength in 5 years.
accessibility, availability and affordability of innovations, especially for
women, differently-abled and disadvantaged sections
Wide ranging mechanisms are envisaged to be deployed
to realize the policy aspirations, a few of these are:
v Promoting the
spread of scientific temper amongst all sections of society.
v Enhancing skill
for applications of science among the young from all social strata.
careers in science, research and innovation attractive enough for talented and
women through appropriate STI inputs and investments
private sector investment in R&D centres in India and
establishment of large R&D facilities in PPP mode with provisions for
multi stakeholders participation in the Indian R&D system.
R&D in the private sector at par with public institutions for availing
marking of R&D funding mechanisms and patterns globally.
Venture Capital and Inclusion Innovation Fund systems.
v Sharing of IPRs between inventors and investors.
v Modifying IPR
policy to provide for marching rights for social good when supported by public
funds and for co-sharing IPRs generated under PPP.
incentives for commercialization of innovations with focus on green
gaps in the translation of new findings at the grassroots and the commercial
strategic partnerships and alliances with other nations through both bilateral
and multilateral cooperation in science, technology and innovation.
ecosystem changes in attitudes, mindset, values and governance systems of
publicly funded institutions engaged in STI activities to recognize, respect
and reward performances which create wealth from S&T derived knowledge.
Implementation of the proposals contained in the
Policy will necessitate consultations with different government
departments/ministries and agencies besides consultations with overarching,
science and engineering academies industry and business associations etc
.Accordingly DST will establish a Policy Implementation Group to
expeditiously operationalise the proposals within the
next two years.
Prime Minister, Shrimati Indira Gandhi had announced the Technology Policy Statement
(TPS) at the Science Congress in January 1983. It focused on the need to attain
technological competence and self-reliance. Several of the statements of TPS
were implemented. Subsequently, a Science and Technology Policy (STP) was announced in 2003, seeking to bring science and
technology (S&T) together. It basically called for integrating programmes
of socio-economic sectors with the national R&D system and the creation of
a national innovation system. The world has changed vastly since then in all
spheres of human activity. New paradigms of innovation have emerged, arising,
among others, out of the pervasive intrusion of internet and globalization.
Even then systems that foster innovation have become country and context
has declared 2010-20 as the “Decade of Innovation.”India's
demographics have changed significantly too. The youthful populations have high
expectations and aspirations of the nation. The Science, Technology
and Innovation Policy (STI) 2013 approved by the Union Cabinet is in
furtherance of this declaration and aims to bring perspectives to bear on
Science & Technology led innovations in the changing context.
FOR HINDI COPY, PLEASE VISIT PIB WEBSITE ( www.pib.nic.in)