URBAN EMPLOYMENT AND
The UPA Government completes one year on May
21, 2005. During
this period, the Government has taken several important initiatives. Some of
these are being brought out in the series
‘Major Decisions and Initiatives’.
year, the Government took several policy initiatives in the Urban Employment
and Poverty Alleviation sector.
National Urban Renewal Mission
The National Urban Renewal Mission (NURM) to provide basic
services to the urban poor for fulfillment of their basic needs, including
security of tenure, housing, water supply, sanitation, education, healthcare
and social security cover. Sixty cities have been identified for the proposed
Mission comprising seven mega cities (4 million plus), 28 million plus cities
and 25 other cities with less than one million plus population. All the State capitals and capitals of two
Union Territories with legislature are proposed to be covered. Cities other than these 60 cities will be
covered by Integrated Housing& Slum
Development Programme (IHSDP), by combining the Valmiki Ambedkar Awas
Yojana (VAMBAY) and National Slum Development Programme (NSDP) Schemes.
Housing and Habitat Policy
Conference of State Housing Ministers’ was held during November 29-30, 2004 in
which it was decided to suitably revise the existing policy through a
consultative process. The new policy is
aimed at accelerating supply of serviced land for housing with particular focus
to Economically Weaker Section (EWS) and Low Income Group (LIG)
categories. A Task Force under the
chairpersonship of Secretary, Urban Employment and Poverty Alleviation (UEPA)
has been constituted for this purpose.
The Housing and Urban Development Corporation
(HUDCO) has been declared a Mini Ratna in August, 2004. As per provisional results, HUDCO disbursed
loans to the extent of Rs.5,920 crore in 2004-05, out of which Rs.1,065 crore
were for housing and Rs. 4,855 crore were for infrastructure projects. After being declared Mini Ratna, HUDCO
signed its first Joint Venture on March 29, 2005.HUDCO has also entered into
new areas of financing like Telecom Sector, Special Economic Zones (SEZs),
HUDCO has floated a subsidised loan scheme at 6.5 per cent for repairs, retrofitting
and reconstruction of new houses for economically weaker sections in Tsunami affected areas as against 7.5%
presently applicable for EWS schemes.
HUDCO has signed an MoU with IIT, Delhi for setting
up of a National Resource Facility on Bamboo Technology in their campus.
To boost Foreign Direct Investment
(FDI) in townships, housing built-up infrastructure and construction of
development projects, the Government has reduced the minimum area to be
developed from 100 acres to 25 acres (approx.) or built up space of 50,000 sq.
meters and with a minimum capitalisation of $10 million for wholly owned
subsidiaries or $5 million in the case of a Joint Venture with Indian
National Slum Development Programme
2004-05, allocation under NSDP was enhanced from Rs.363.94 crore to Rs.700
crore by the Planning Commission. As
reported by the States/UTs, since the inception of the programme and upto March
31, 2005, out of the total funds of Rs.3,089.63 crore released by the Central
Government, an amount of Rs.2,130.09 crore has been spent. 68,129 Slum pockets have been covered and
about 4.12 crore of slum dwellers have benefitted from this programme.
Swarna Jayanti Shahari Rojgar Yojana
2004-05, Central funds amounting to Rs. 122.01 crore were released to various
States/ UTs for the implementation of Swarna Jayanti Shahari Rojgar Yojana
(SJSRY). During this year, as reported by the States/UTs upto March 31, 2005,
68,636 micro-enterprises were set up to assist the urban poor in self
employment and 1,06,394 urban poor were given skill upgradation training. In
addition to this, 35.18 lakhs of mandays of work were generated under the wage
employment component of SJSRY.
A Task Force under the Chairmanship of Secretary (UEPA) has been set
up in the Ministry with the objective to evolve a viable micro-credit mechanism
for the urban poor/informal sector.
Valmiki Ambedkar Awas Yojana
During the financial year 2004-2005, Central subsidy of Rs.
269.41 crore was released for the construction of 1,13,004 dwelling units and
35,086 toilet seats. The first model
demonstration houses of 252 dwelling
units under VAMBAY was executed in nine months by the Building Materials and
Technology Promotion Council (BMTPC) to promote proven
innovative, eco-friendly and cost-effective building materials and construction
technologies developed in the last few years. The cost saving was about 20 per
cent when compared to conventional construction.
for North Eastern Region
The Ministry of UEPA is implementing a number of
projects/schemes for the development of North Eastern States, including Sikkim,
in the three identified areas viz. housing (predominantly for urban poor),
poverty alleviation and slum improvement/upgradation. Various projects are
under execution in the North Eastern States by agencies like National Building
Construction Corporation Ltd. (NBCC), Hindustan Prefab Ltd. (HPL). During 2004,
Rs.82 crore were released to various agencies for the execution of 18 projects in the North East. Sanctions were also issued for setting up
one Bamboo Mat Production Centre each in Assam, Tripura, Meghalaya and Mizoram.
Housing projects for Central
housing project comprising 218 dwelling units for employees of Comptroller and
Auditor General of India (CAG) & 74 dwelling units for Central Government
Employees was completed at Bhopal and
Ahmedabad. An innovative
technology of using hollow blocks has
been used in the construction and due care has been taken to make the
construction earthquake resistant.
The housing project comprising 720 dwelling units
was completed in Noida, U.P at a total cost of Rs.85 crore.
Cost-Effective and Environment Friendly
The following initiatives were taken during the year:
of Houses under VAMBAY Scheme
BMTPC is constructing
1040 demonstration houses for urban poor under VAMBAY scheme of the using
cost effective building materials and construction technologies in 11 States
namely, Kerala, Orissa, Jammu &
Kashmir, Leh, Uttranchal, Tripura, Chhattisgarh, Tamil Nadu, Maharashtra,
Manipur, Rajasthan and Karnataka.
Model Toilet Structures (4 in nos.) were constructed
at MCD Model School, Indian Airlines Colony, Delhi, using new materials and
technologies like rattrap bond masonry in burnt clay bricks and fly ash bricks;
precast ferro-cement roofing channels for roof; plantation wood door shutters;
angle iron door frames, etc.
Structures using Bamboo
Demonstration Structures with Bamboo based Technologies are being constructed
in Mizoram. These structures consist of bamboo posts, bamboo trusses,
ferro-cement walling with bamboo grid and a layer of chicken mesh and bamboo
mat corrugated roofing sheets. Another ten Demonstration Structures with
bamboo-based technologies are also being constructed in Tripura.
PIB SF-27 (13.5.2005)
(Release ID :9247)