on its vision of “Empowering residents of India with a unique identity and
a digital platform to authenticate anytime, anywhere”, the Unique
Identification Authority of India (UIDAI) today unveiled three new
Aadhaar-Enabled Services and announced the establishment of first set of permanent
enrolment centres (Aadhaar Kendras). The services that were launched today are Authentication services using Iris,
Authentication service using One Time Pin and eKYC (Electronic- Know Your
the services, Deputy Chairman of the Planning Commission, Shri Montek Singh
Ahluwalia said, “The Aadhaar authentication and eKYC services launched today
will give a boost to the use of the Aadhaar identity platform for
authenticating the identity of people. This is a transformational initiative,
and I am sure the Aam Aadmi will start reaping the benefits of the Aadhaar
project in the near future.”
and eKYC services of UIDAI will help residents avail benefits of Aadhaar-linked
services and give public/private entities an economical, secure and flexible
mode of verifying user identity.
key role these services will play in the future, Shri Nandan Nilekani, Chairman
UIDAI said, “This is a major step in the direction of enabling Aadhaar holders
to avail various services by using the Aadhaar identity platform. It also makes
sense for various user agencies (public or private) as they can identify a
beneficiary/customer using a fast, secure, economical and paperless format.”
a. Authentication service using Iris: Residents will be able to authenticate
identity for availing Aadhaar-enabled services by providing a combination of
Aadhaar number + Iris image
b. Authentication service
using One Time Pin (OTP): Residents
will be able to authenticate identity for availing Aadhaar-enabled services by
providing a combination of Aadhaar number + One Time Pin, received on their
registered mobile number
c. eKYC service: Electronic verification of resident’s identity &
address at his request and/or with his consent. Paperless, secure and economical.
d. Aadhaar Kendra (Permanent Enrolment Centre): Permanent
enrolment Centres will facilitate enrolment of residents left out during the
camps organized by the Registrars in the past. The centres will also serve as
Update Centres - both for biometric and demographic update.
Aadhaar Iris Authentication: is a process wherein Aadhaar number, along with the resident’s Iris
Image is submitted to UIDAI’s Central Identities Data Repository (CIDR) for
verification; the CIDR verifies whether the Iris data submitted matches the
Iris data available in CIDR, which had been collected during enrolment, and responds with a “yes/no” reply.
Iris-based authentication of residents is a state-of-the-art
authentication service which enables an Aadhaar holder to identify
himself/herself using the Iris image. The service can be availed of by all
those who have an Aadhaar number including the old, blind and those who may
have undergone cataract surgery. India is the first country in the world to
offer a public Iris Authentication platform and enablement of Iris
Authentication for about 350 million residents, who currently hold Aadhaar
numbers. This is indeed a ground-breaking technology and service development.
UIDAI has conducted proof of concept (PoC) exercises involving Iris technology
and concluded that more than 99% of residents could be reliably authenticated.
Aadhaar One Time Pin (OTP) Authentication: The
OTP service enables Aadhaar based authentication of all residents who
registered a mobile telephone at the time of enrolment or subsequent updation.
With Aadhaar OTP, residents will be able to authenticate themselves using their
mobile telephone anytime, anywhere on a self service mode without having to use
biometric authentication device, which
requires assisted service.
OTP authentication is a two-step process involving the mobile of a
resident. In the first step a request for OTP, against an Aadhaar, is sent to
UIDAI’s Central Identities Data Repository (CIDR). In response, CIDR sends a
newly generated random OTP on the resident’s mobile/email. In the second step
Aadhaar number, along with OTP is submitted to CIDR for verification; the CIDR
verifies whether the OTP data submitted matches the generated OTP data
available in CIDR and responds with a “yes/no”
User agencies that take advantage of Aadhaar
authentication can use OTP to provide a single factor authentication, or in
combination with biometrics to achieve a two factor authentication. This would
offer higher flexibility to Authentication User Agencies in terms of deploying
appropriate modality based on factors like demographics, service delivery
platform and/or domain security requirements.
eKYC service offered by UIDAI will enable individuals to authorise service
providers to receive electronic copy of their proof of identity and address.
This is a first of its kind service, on any public platform. The service makes
KYC instantaneous, totally secure and paperless while enhancing privacy of
data. It brings business efficiency and opens doors to innovative service
provision in a manner never experienced before on a comparable scale.
eKYC service can be deployed by different
agencies to verify a resident’s identity and address. Only DEMOGRAPHIC
information (Name, Address, Date of Birth, Gender, Photograph & Mobile
Number) that is collected during Aadhaar enrolment will be shared, at the
request of, and/or with the consent of the Aadhaar number holder.
Permanent Enrolment Centre: Aadhaar Kendras or Permanent enrolment Centres will
facilitate the enrolment of residents left out during the camps organized by
the Registrars in the past. They would also serve as Update Centres – for
resident who wish to update biometric or demographic data.
Aadhaar Kendras will be located in the Common Services Centres,
government buildings in block/mandal/tehsil/municipal ward office or in the
official premises of the Registrar or such premises as may be expressly
approved by the Registrars. Residents can also seek information about their
Aadhaar generation status or get e-Aadhaar printed at these centres.
Registrars may choose to charge a convenience fee not exceeding Rs.10
for printing e-Aadhaar letter and Rs.15 for update requests. Aadhaar Enabled
Service Delivery is currently or will soon be linked to various government
schemes such as MNREGA wage payments, PDS distribution, payment of social
security benefits such as old-age payments, distribution of LPG subsidy etc. Currently
over 400 million residents have enrolled for an Aadhaar number, while about 350
million Aadhaar numbers have been issued.