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  • Agreement on legal and judicial cooperation in civil and commercial matters for service of summons, judicial documents, commissions, execution of judgements and arbitral awards between India and Afghanistan (26-August 2015)
  • Agreement on legal and judicial cooperation in civil and commercial matters between India and Oman (26-August 2015)
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  • Signing of MoU India and Australia on cooperation in the fields of education, training and research (20-August 2015)
  • Signing of Revised Air Services Agreement between India and Seychelles (20-August 2015)
  • Signing and Ratification of agreement between India and Seychelles for the exchange of information with respect to taxes (20-August 2015)
  • Promulgation of the Dadra and Nagar Haveli, Value Added Tax (Amendment) Regulation, 2015 under article 240 of the Constitution (20-August 2015)
  • Approval to guidelines on spectrum sharing (12-August 2015)
  • Memorandum of Understanding between India and Nepal for construction of petroleum products pipeline from Raxaul (India) to Amlekhgunj (Nepal) and re-engineering of Amlekhgunj Depot and allied facilities (12-August 2015)
  • Agreement between ESSO-IITM India and WCRP, Geneva on hosting International CLIVAR Monsoon Project Office at ESSO-IITM, Pune, India (12-August 2015)
  • Memorandum of Understanding between India and United States of America on cooperation to establish the Pace Setter Fund (12-August 2015)
  • Memorandum of Understanding between India and Mongolia to establish basis for cooperative institutional relationship to encourage and promote technical bilateral cooperation on new and renewable energy (12-August 2015)
  • Memorandum of Understanding between India and France to establish basis for cooperative institutional relationship to encourage and promote technical bilateral cooperation on new and renewable energy issues (12-August 2015)
 
Cabinet

Agreement on legal and judicial cooperation in civil and commercial matters for service of summons, judicial documents, commissions, execution of judgements and arbitral awards between India and Afghanistan

The Union Cabinet, chaired by the Prime Minister Shri Narendra Modi, has given its approval for the agreement on legal and judicial cooperation in civil and commercial matters for the service of summons, judicial documents, commissions, execution of judgements and arbitral awards between India and Afghanistan

The salient features of the agreement are:

i. Service of judicial orders, summons and other legal and judicial documents or processes.

ii. Taking of evidence through request.

iii. Execution of judgments, settlements and arbitral awards.

iv. The agreement also applies to any request for reciprocal legal assistance relating to civil and commercial matters submitted before or after its entry into force.

v. Service of summons and other judicial documents shall not be refused on the ground that the request does not show sufficient grounds supporting merits of the case, unless the requested State considers that compliance with the request would infringe its sovereignty, security or public policy.

vi. This agreement also deals with "taking of evidence by Diplomatic and Consular representatives" from nationals of the country they represent, without compulsion, in order to help in completion of judicial proceedings commenced in the courts of the country they represent.

vii. The agreement shall come into force on the 30th day after the exchange of instrument of Ratification. It shall remain in force until terminated by either party by giving six months' notice; and

viii. the provisions of the agreement are in conformity with the provisions of the Code of Civil Procedure, 1908 and the Arbitration and Cancellation Act, 1996.

This agreement will be beneficial for the citizens of both countries. It will also fulfill the desire of both countries to strengthen the bonds of friendship and fruitful cooperation in the judicial and legal spheres, which is the spirit, essence and language of the preamble of the agreement.

Background:

The agreement on Mutual Legal Assistance Treaty (MLAT) in Civil and Commercial matters is a comprehensive agreement for reciprocal arrangement with foreign countries for service of summons under Section 29(c) of the Code of Civil Procedure, 1908(CPC), for execution of Civil Decrees under Section 44 A of the CPC, for issuing Letter of Request under Section 77 of the CPC, for taking of evidence under Section 78 of the CPC and for enforcement of Arbitral Awards under Section 44 (b) of the Arbitration and Conciliation Act, 1996.

During the recent State visit to India of the President of Afghanistan on April 27-29, 2015, a Joint Press Statement was released after delegation level meetings with the Prime Minister, which amongst other things mentioned that the two leaders agreed to sign certain agreements, which includes MLAT in Civil and Commercial Matters. Subsequently, all provisions in the Indian Standard draft Mutual Legal Assistance Treaty in Civil and Commercial Matters were agreed upon.

The provisions of the agreement are in conformity with the provisions of the C.P.C. and the Arbitration and Conciliation Act, 1996. No amendment in these enactments would be required. The Code of Civil Procedure does not discriminate between citizens of India and alien friends.



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