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Government of India
Ministry of Social Justice & Empowerment
08-December-2015 15:59 IST
Manual Scavenging

 

As per the Socio Economic and Caste Census 2011 (SECC-2011) data which is based on respondent input as revealed by the household to the enumerator and released by Ministry of Rural Development 1,82,505 respondent households in rural areas reported themselves as manual scavengers. State-wise details are given is:  

 

Socio Economic and Caste Census-2011

Number of Households Any Member Belonging to  Manual Scavenger (Rural)

Zone

Code with States/ UTs Name

Number of Manual Scavanger

All India

 

182505

North Total

 

14898

North

01 - JAMMU & KASHMIR

2904

North

02 - HIMACHAL PRADESH

1

North

03 - PUNJAB

11951

North

06 - HARYANA

42

East Total

 

14411

East

10 - BIHAR

7268

East

19 - WEST BENGAL

2526

East

20 - JHARKHAND

4153

East

21 - ODISHA

464

West Total

 

68681

West

08 - RAJASTHAN

3498

West

24 - GUJARAT

2

West

27 - MAHARASHTRA

65181

West

30 - GOA

0

South Total

 

16362

South

28 - ANDHRA PRADESH

388

South

29 - KARNATAKA

15375

South

32 - KERALA

100

South

33 - TAMILNADU

334

South

28 - TELANGANA

165

Central Total

 

41516

Central

05 - UTTARAKHAND

483

Central

09 - UTTAR PRADESH

17388

Central

22 - CHHATTISGARH

540

Central

23 - MADHYA PRADESH

23105

North Eastern Total

 

20083

North Eastern

11 - SIKKIM

51

North Eastern

12 - ARUNACHAL PRADESH

1286

North Eastern

13 - NAGALAND

274

North Eastern

14 - MANIPUR

1

North Eastern

15 - MIZORAM

1025

North Eastern

16 - TRIPURA

17333

North Eastern

17 - MEGHALAYA

113

North Eastern

18 - ASSAM

0

UT Total

 

6554

UT

04 - CHANDIGARH

0

UT

07 - NCT OF DELHI

6

UT

25 - DAMAN AND DIU

6277

UT

26 - DADRA & NAGAR HAVELI

142

UT

31 - LAKSHADWEEP

1

UT

34 - PUDUCHERRY

66

UT

35 - ANDAMAN & NICOBAR ISLANDS

62

 

 

However, this does not reveal manual scavenging as their main source of income. SECC-2011 data in respect of urban areas has not been released. Under the “Prohibition of Employment as Manual Scavengers and their Rehabilitation Act, 2013 (MS Act, 2013)” which has come into force with effect from 06.12.2013, the claim of any person of being a manual scavenger is to be got verified by the local authority for inclusion in the list of identified manual scavengers to become eligible for rehabilitation as per the provisions of the MS Act, 2013. Accordingly, the State Governments and Union Territory Administrations have been requested to verify the SECC-2011 data of manual scavengers and upload the list of identified manual scavengers on the website www.mssuvey.nic.in for their rehabilitation. As per reports received from the States and Union Territories (UTs) upto 30.11.2015 there are 12,226 identified manual scavengers. State/UT wise details are given is:

 

State-wise details of identified Manual Scavengers

Urban-A

S.No.

State

Identified Manual Scavengers

 

 

1.        

Andhra Pradesh

124

2.        

Bihar

137

3.        

 Chhattisgarh

3

4.        

Karnataka

302

5.        

Madhya Pradesh

36

6.        

Odisha

237

7.        

Punjab

86

8.        

Rajasthan

577

9.        

Tamil Nadu

462

10.     

Uttar Pradesh

2404

11.     

Uttarakhand

137

12.     

West Bengal

104

Total-A

4609

Rural-B

1

Punjab

5

2

Uttar Pradesh

7612

Total-B

7617

Grand Total (A+B)

12226

                                               


Subsequent to coming into force of the “Prohibition of Employment as Manual Scavengers and their Rehabilitation Act, 2013” (MS Act, 2013),  the Self Employment Scheme for the Rehabilitation of Manual Scavengers (SRMS) was revised in November, 2013 to provide the following benefits to the identified Manual Scavengers:

(i)     Onetime cash assistance of Rs.40000/- to identified manual scavengers.

(ii)   Loans for project cost upto Rs. 15.00 lacs on concessional rates of interest.

(iii) Credit linked back-end capital subsidy upto Rs. 3,25,000/-.

(iv) Skill Development Training upto two years with stipend of Rs.3000/- per month.

The above scheme is implemented through National Safai Karamcharis Finance & Development Corporation (NSKFDC). State-wise details of beneficiaries and expenditure incurred in this regard are given is:

 

 

Annexure -II-A referred in reply to Part (b) to (d) of  Lok Sabha Unstarred Question No. 1561 for answer on 08.012.2015 regarding Manual Scavenging

Anexxure-II-A

 Status of rehabilitation of  identified and eligible Manual Scavengers under Revised SRMS              (Amount-Rs. In lac)   (Beneficiaries-Numbers)                                    

S.No.

State/UT

Details of Onetime Cash Assistance provided

2012-13

2013-14

2014-15

2015-16 (upto- 30.11.2015)

Total

Amount

Beneficiaries

Amount

Beneficiaries

Amount

Beneficiaries

Amount

Beneficiaries

Amount

Beneficiaries

1

Andhra Pradesh

0

0

0.00

0

18.00

45

0.00

0

18.00

45

2

Bihar

0

0

0.00

0

0.00

0

52.40

131

52.40

131

3

Chhattisgarh

0

0

1.20

3

0.00

0

0.00

0

1.20

3

4

Karnataka

0

0

50.00

125

7.20

18

28.40

71

85.60

214

5

Odisha

0

0

0.00

0

0.00

0

62.40

156

62.40

156

6

Madhya Pradesh

 

 

0.00

0

0.00

0

14.40

36

14.40

36

7

Punjab

0

0

0.00

0

0.00

0

26.80

67

26.80

67

8

Uttar Pradesh

0

0

14.00

35

433.20

1083

2100.00

5250

2547.20

6368

9

Uttarakhand

0

0

0.00

0

0.00

0

54.00

135

54.00

135

10

Rajasthan

0

0

0.00

0

0.00

0

38.40

96

38.40

96

11

West Bengal

0

0

0.00

0

38.00

95

0.00

0

38.00

95

 

Total

0

0

65.20

163

496.40

1241

2376.80

5942

2938.40

7346

 

 

Annexure -II-B referred in reply to Parts (b) to (d) of  Lok Sabha Unstarred Question No. 1561 for answer on 08.012.2015 regarding Manual Scavenging

Annexure-II-B

Details of funds released for Comprehensive rehabilitation of Manual Scavengers    (Expenditure-Rs. In lac)   (Beneficiaries-Numbers)                                    

S.no.

State

Funds Released (2014-15)

Training

Projects

No. of
Beneficiaries

Amount

No. of
Beneficiaries

NSKFDC Loan

No. of
Beneficiaries

Capital Subsidy

(1)

(2)

(3)

(4)

(5)

(6)

(7)

(8)

1

West Bengal

97

12.16

97

59.49

97

48.51

 

This information was given by the Minister of State, Social Justice & Empowerment, Shri Vijay Sampla in a written reply to a question in Lok Sabha here today.

 

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AKP/ASB