The overall internal
security and law and order situation in the country remained largely under
control during 2006, although there were some major terrorist incidents at
some places including Varanasi, Mumbai and Malegaon. 21 ISI- backed espionage
modules were neutralised during the year up to 21.11.2006 and 57 ISI-backed
terrorist modules busted during the year up to 31.10.2006. A large cache of
arms, ammunition and explosives was seized in Maharashtra. The level of violence
in Jammu & Kashmir continued to show a declining trend. The security situation
in the North Eastern States showed signs of improvement. The overall naxal
violence was contained during the current year.
Jammu & Kashmir
of violent incidents declined by 15%, civilians killed came down by 28% and
security forces killed decreased by 10% till November 2006, as compared to
the previous year.
held discussions with APHC, led by Mirwaiz Umar Farooq on May 3, 2006. He
also held talks with Chairman, People’s Conference, Sajjad Gani Lone on January
14, 2006 and Chairman, JKLF, Yasin Malik on February 17, 2006. A Round Table
Conference was held on February 25, 2006 in New Delhi and another on May 24-25,
2006 in Srinagar. As a follow-up to the Prime Minister’s talks with various
groups, 51 persons, detained under the J&K Public Safety Act, 1978 were
for Special Police Officers has been enhanced from Rs.18,000/- to Rs.36,000/-
per annum w.e.f. 01.09.2006.
two-roomed tenements at a cost of Rs.185 crore are being constructed for
accommodating all migrant families presently living in camps at Jammu. In
phase-I, 1024 flats are under construction at Jammu. Construction of 200 flats
at Budgam as transit accommodation for the return of Kashmiri migrants is
nearing completion at a cost of Rs. 20 crore. Cash relief to migrant families
has been enhanced to Rs.4,000/- per family per month in Jammu and Delhi w.e.f. 01.07.2006.
As part of
Confidence Building Measures (CBMs) with Pakistan, Poonch-Rawalakot bus service
was flagged off on June 20, 2006.
security situation in the North-Eastern States has shown signs of improvement.
There has been a decline in violence in Tripura, Manipur and Arunachal
Pradesh. In Meghalaya, the violence has been contained.
However, in Assam and Nagaland, the violence has gone up due to increased
activities of United Liberation Front of Assam (ULFA)
and factional clashes between National Socialist Council of Nagaland
(NSCN)(I/M) and NSCN(K). Mizoram and Sikkim continued to be peaceful.
As per the
revised policy on Modernization of State Police Forces, all the North Eastern
States except Sikkim are eligible to receive 100% grant of the approved Annual
Plan. For Sikkim, it is 75%.
Suspension of Operations/Ceasefire with NSCN (I/M), NSCN(K), United Peoples
Solidarity (UPDS), Dimah Halam Dagrh (DHD), ANVC and National Democratic Front
of Bodoland (NDFB) have been periodically renewed
also took initiative to start dialogue with ULFA in Assam and also declared
unilateral Suspension of Operations. Since there was no direct response from
ULFA, counter-insurgency operations have been resumed.
Except in Chhattisgarh, where
incidents and casualties registered a steep increase, naxal violence in the
affected States was contained during the current year.
The Central Government has
ear-marked additional funds of Rs. 100 crore under the Police Modernisation
Scheme for the naxal-affected States for purchase of de-mining equipment,
latest telecommunication equipment and modern weaponry in vulnerable police
An Inter-Ministerial Group has been
constituted to essentially review the implementation of Centrally sponsored
schemes undertaken particularly in naxal-affected areas.
An Empowered Group of
Ministers, headed by the Home Minister and comprising some Union Ministers and
Chief Ministers has been set up to closely monitor the spread of naxalism and
evolve effective strategies to deal with the problem.
Recently, an Anti-Naxal Cell headed
by an Additional Secretary has been set up in the MHA with a view to ensuring
periodic review and close monitoring of the Action Plans drawn up by the States
to deal with the naxal problem.
Strengthening of Police Apparatus
Scheme of Modernisation of the State Police Forces (MPF Scheme), Rs.1,025
crore was spent in 2005-06 and the expenditure is likely to be over Rs.1,100
crore in 2006-07. Within the MPF Scheme, focus has been given on upgrading
the standards of metropolitan policing and strengthening the critical police
infrastructure in the 7 mega cities of Ahmedabad, Bangalore, Chennai, Delhi,
Hyderabad, Kolkata and Mumbai. Starting
from an investment of Rs.22 crore in 2005-06, expenditure of over Rs.100 crore
is being undertaken in 2006-07 for modernizing the police in mega cities.
of experts, headed by Shri Soli Sorabjee was set up on 20th September,
2005 to draft a new Police Act to replace the Police Act of 1861.
The Committee submitted the draft Model Police Act to the Ministry
on 30.10.2006. Copies of the draft Act have been sent to State Governments
for consideration, as they are competent to enact their own police laws.
A Core Committee
constituted, to review VIP security issues, has finalized its report.
approved a modernization plan for 7 Central Para-Military Forces at an estimated
cost of Rs.4,185 crore. The total amount spent so far is Rs.2,148 crore (51.3%).
The forces have been equipped with
5.56 mm INSAS Rifles, bullet-proof jackets, night vision devices, AK-47 rifles,
bullet-proof vehicles, various types of communication and surveillance equipment
and various type of ammunition.
strengthening the internal security scenario, Government approved raising of 79
battalions which includes 45 Battalions in the CPFs and 34 India Reserve
Battalions. Cadres of CISF and CRPF have been restructured for improved
effectiveness. Nearly 10000 posts have been added to the CRPF for meeting the
needs of internal security and about 9500 posts to the CISF. 22 Battalions are
being added to the ITBP to ensure better rotation and more diversified exposure
to the new challenges of internal security.
The Recruitment Scheme of Constables in CPFs has been revised so as to
provide more job opportunities to youth of border States and militancy affected
CPFs played a significant role in
peaceful conduct of Assembly elections in Bihar, Jharkhand, Haryana, Assam,
Kerala, Tamil Nadu, West Bengal and UT of Pondicherry.
A Centralized canteen facility for
CPO personnel on the pattern of CSD has been introduced which will benefit
more than 7 lakh CPF personnel immediately.
A long pending need of an Act to administer
Assam Rifles in the present day context has been fulfilled with the passing
of a new Assam Rifles Act which repealed the old Assam Rifles Act, 1941. The
Sashastra Seema Bal Bill, 2006 was introduced in the Rajya Sabha on 28.07.2006
and stands referred to the Department-related Parliamentary Standing Committee
on Home Affairs for examination and report.
Management of Borders
length of Indo-Bangladesh border to be fenced is 3,286.87 Km. out of which
2,435 Km. of fencing has so far been completed. A pilot project for flood lighting along 277 Km. of Indo-Bangladesh
border has also been completed. The work of construction of 1,902 Km. of fencing
and 1,831 Km. of floodlighting has been completed out of 2,007 Km. and 1,989
Km. sanctioned respectively along the India-Pakistan border.
has decided to undertake phase-wise construction of 27 roads links totaling
608 Kms. in the border areas along the India-China border in Jammu & Kashmir,
Himachal Pradesh, Uttarachal, Sikkim and Arunachal Pradesh at an estimated
cost of Rs.912 crore.
has approved a proposal for setting up the Land Ports Authority of India for
overseeing the construction, management and maintenance of Integrated Check
Posts (ICPs) at identified entry points on the land borders of the country.
year 2006, 22 States and 1 UT were affected by heavy rains, floods, etc. MHA,
being the nodal Ministry, coordinated the relief, response and rehabilitation
measures with the affected States/UTs, Central Ministries/Departments, other
States and NGOs. A total amount of Rs.4557.53 crore comprising central share
of the Calamity Relief Fund (CRF) and releases from the National Calamity
Contingency Fund (NCCF), has been provided to all the States during the year
2006-07 till 1st December, 2006 to mange the calamities.
Response Centres (RRCs) are being set up at 15 places in different States and
UTs. These RRCs are being equipped with a cache of essential equipment, which
can be moved to the site of disaster so as to provide immediate relief to the
of the pioneering role and activities of the National Institute of Disaster
Management (NIDM), a SAARC Centre for Disaster Management was established
in its premises at New Delhi. The Union Home Minister inaugurated the Centre
on 10th October, 2006.
Assistance Treaties (MLATs) were initialed/signed with Spain and Bulgaria.
MLATs with Mauritius and Belarus have come into force. MoU on combating International
Terrorism, Crime and Illicit Trafficking in Narcotic Drugs was signed with
Home Minister visited Singapore and discussed issues of strategic interest
with the President, Prime Minister, Deputy Prime Minister and other senior
leaders. Home Minister also visited Bangladesh in May, 2006 to attend the
1st meeting of the SAARC Interior/Home Ministers and held comprehensive discussions
with the Home Ministers of the SAARC countries on security-related issues.
delegation led by H.E. Mr. Chen Zhimin, Assistant Minister of the Ministry
of Public Security visited India in November, 2006. A Myanmar delegation led
by their Home Minister, Major General Maung
Oo visited India in December, 2006.
With effect from 2nd October 2006, the basic pension of freedom
fighters and spouses of deceased freedom fighters was enhanced by Rs.2,330/-
per month so that the total pension, inclusive of dearness relief, becomes
Rs.10,001/- per month.
tourist visa for five years’ duration with a 90 day stay stipulation has been
permitted for nationals of 18 countries.
Detailed guidelines have been issued simplifying the procedures for
grant of visa to the Chinese.
Contribution (Regulation) Bill, 2006 seeks to repeal Foreign Contribution
(Regulation) Act, 1976 and replace it with a new law to regulate the acceptance
and utilization of foreign contribution or foreign hospitality by certain
individuals or organisations.
of Criminal Procedure (Amendment) Bill, 2006 seeks to amend various provisions
of the Code of Criminal Procedure, 1973 to improve the functioning of criminal
meeting of the Inter-State Council was held on 9th December 2006.