|21 March 2007|
|Ministry of Labour & Employment|
INCREASE IN LABOUR FORCE
Reliable estimates of labour force in the country are obtained through quinquennial labour force surveys on employment and unemployment conducted by National Sample Survey Organisation. The last such quinquennial survey, for which results are available, was conducted during 2004-05. The entire workforce of economy in India, as per National Classification of Industry adopted by Central Statistical Organisation, is classified into Industry such as Agriculture & Allied, Mining and Quarrying, Manufacturing, Electricity Gas and water supply, construction, trade, hotel and restaurant, transport, storage and communication and other services. Further, the sectors are broadly classified as Agriculture, Industry and Services. As per these surveys, the percentage of population in the labour force was around 43% during 2004-05 as compared to 40.6% during 1999-2000 on usual status basis.
Agriculture, Industry and Services employed 268.57 million, 83.55 million and 107.44 million during 2004-05 as against 238 million, 69.2 million and 90.3 million during 1999-2000 respectively. Total employment has increased from 397 million during 1999-2000 to 459.10 million during 2004-05, registering an average growth of employment of 12.42 million per year. Share in increase of employment between 1999-2000 and 2004-05 of agriculture, industry and services was of the order of 30.57 million, 14.35 million and 17.14 million, and therefore, grew at the rate of 2.6 %, 4.1 % and 3.8 %, respectively.
This information was given by the Minister of State (Independent Charge) for Labour & Employment, Shri Oscar Fernandes in a written reply in Rajya Sabha today.